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  • 3D Freestanding Graphene Foam

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

  • 3D Graphene on Nickel/Copper Foam

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Lin, Huan, et al. “Significantly reduced thermal diffusivity of free-Standing two-Layer graphene in graphene foam.” Nanotechnology, vol. 24, no. 41, 2013, p. 415706., doi:10.1088/0957-4484/24/41/415706.
    2. Asfaw, Habtom D., et al. “Nanosized LiFePO4-Decorated emulsion-Templated carbon foam for 3D micro batteries: a study of structure and electrochemical performance.” Nanoscale, vol. 6, no. 15, 2014, pp. 8804–8813., doi:10.1039/c4nr01682c.
    3. Leeuwner, M. J., et al. “Novel Graphene Foam Microporous Layers for PEM Fuel Cells: Interfacial Characteristics and Comparative Performance.” Fuel Cells, vol. 15, no. 6, Mar. 2015, pp. 790–801., doi:10.1002/fuce.201500031.
    4. Nieto, Andy, et al. “Graphene reinforced metal and ceramic matrix composites: a review.” International Materials Reviews, vol. 62, no. 5, 27 Oct. 2016, doi:10.1080/09506608.2016.1219481.
  • Al-MCM-41

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Drobná, Helena, et al. “Analysis of Ni species formed on zeolites, mesoporous silica and alumina supports and their catalytic behavior in the dry reforming of methane.” Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis, vol. 121, no. 1, Sept. 2017, pp. 255–274., doi:10.1007/s11144-017-1149-3.
    2. Jibril, Zainab Ibrahim, Anita Ramli, and Khairulazhar Jumbri. "Al-MCM-41 Based Catalysts for Transesterification of Jatropha Oil to Biodiesel: Effect of Ce and Zr." Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy 97, no. 7 (2018): 200-204.
    3. Jibril, Z. I., A. Ramli, and K. Jumbri. "Preparation and Characterization of Ce-Zr/Al-MCM-41 Bimetallic Catalyst for Transesterification of Jatropha Oil to Biodiesel." In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, vol. 168, no. 1, p. 012013. IOP Publishing, 2018.
  • Aminated Graphene Amino-PEG covalently linked

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Nieto, Andy, et al. “Graphene reinforced metal and ceramic matrix composites: a review.” International Materials Reviews, vol. 62, no. 5, 2016, pp. 241–302., doi:10.1080/09506608.2016.1219481.
    2. Saleem, Waqas, et al. “Antibody functionalized graphene biosensor for label-Free electrochemical immunosensing of fibrinogen, an indicator of trauma induced coagulopathy.” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 86, 2016, pp. 522–529., doi:10.1016/j.bios.2016.07.009.
    3. Becheru, Diana, George Vlăsceanu, Adela Banciu, Eugeniu Vasile, Mariana Ioniţă, and Jorge Burns. "Optical graphene-based biosensor for nucleic acid detection; influence of graphene functionalization and ionic strength." International journal of molecular sciences 19, no. 10 (2018): 3230.
  • Aminated Graphene Octadecylamine covalently linked

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Nieto, Andy, et al. “Graphene reinforced metal and ceramic matrix composites: a review.” International Materials Reviews, vol. 62, no. 5, 2016, pp. 241–302., doi:10.1080/09506608.2016.1219481.
    2. Gago, Israel, et al. “Graphene-Based nanocomposite for body armour: tensile, impact and bulletproof properties.” Nov. 2017.
  • Aminated Graphene Piperazine covalently linked

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Nieto, Andy, et al. “Graphene reinforced metal and ceramic matrix composites: a review.” International Materials Reviews, vol. 62, no. 5, 2016, pp. 241–302., doi:10.1080/09506608.2016.1219481.
  • Aminated Graphene Quantum Dots

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Li, Changzheng, and Yanan Yue. “Fluorescence spectroscopy of graphene quantum dots: temperature effect at different excitation wavelengths.” Nanotechnology, vol. 25, no. 43, Sept. 2014, p. 435703., doi:10.1088/0957-4484/25/43/435703.
    2. Bhatnagar, Deepika, et al. “Graphene quantum dots FRET based sensor for early detection of heart attack in human.” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 79, 2016, pp. 495–499., doi:10.1016/j.bios.2015.12.083.
    3. Liu, Yang, et al. “Electro-Optical switching of liquid crystals sandwiched between ion-Beam-Spurted graphene quantum dots-Doped PEDOT:PSS composite layers.” Optics Express, vol. 23, no. 26, 2015, p. 34071., doi:10.1364/oe.23.034071.
    4. Bhatnagar, Deepika, et al. “Ultrasensitive cardiac troponin I antibody based nanohybrid sensor for rapid detection of human heart attack.” International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, vol. 95, 2017, pp. 505–510., doi:10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2016.11.037.
    5. Nieto, Andy, et al. “Graphene reinforced metal and ceramic matrix composites: a review.” International Materials Reviews, vol. 62, no. 5, 2016, pp. 241–302., doi:10.1080/09506608.2016.1219481.
    6. Bok, Chang Han, et al. “Operating mechanisms of highly-Reproducible write-Once-Read-Many-Times memory devices based on graphene quantum dot:Poly(Methyl silsesquioxane) nanocomposites.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 110, no. 1, Apr. 2017, p. 013301., doi:10.1063/1.4973358.
    7. Kim, Do Hyeong, et al. “Highly-Reproducible nonvolatile memristive devices based on polyvinylpyrrolidone: Graphene quantum-Dot nanocomposites.” Organic Electronics, vol. 51, 2017, pp. 156–161., doi:10.1016/j.orgel.2017.09.005.
    8. Gupta, Shagun, et al. “Ultrasensitive transglutaminase based nanosensor for early detection of celiac disease in human.” International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, vol. 105, 2017, pp. 905–911., doi:10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2017.07.126.
    9. Ooi, Poh Choon, et al. “Reduced graphene oxide preparation and its applications in solution-Processed write-Once-Read-Many-Times graphene-Based memory device.” Carbon, vol. 124, 2017, pp. 547–554., doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2017.09.004.
    10. Choi, Hwan Young, et al. “Organic electronic synapses with pinched hystereses based on graphene quantum-Dot nanocomposites.” NPG Asia Materials, vol. 9, no. 7, 2017, doi:10.1038/am.2017.133.
    11. Ooi, Poh Choon, et al. “Fabrication of transparent bistable switching memory device using plasmapolymerized hexamethyldisiloxane layers with embedded graphene quantum dots.” Thin Solid Films, vol. 645, 2018, pp. 45–50., doi:10.1016/j.tsf.2017.10.044.
    12. Wang, Changhong, et al. “Computing: Memristive Devices with Highly Repeatable Analog States Boosted by Graphene Quantum Dots.” Small, vol. 13, no. 20, 2017, doi:10.1002/smll.201770110.
    13. Bakar, Elyani Abu, Mohd Ambri Mohamed, Poh Choon Ooi, MF Mohd Razip Wee, Chang Fu Dee, and Burhanuddin Yeop Majlis. "Fabrication of indium-tin-oxide free, all-solution-processed flexible nanogenerator device using nanocomposite of barium titanate and graphene quantum dots in polyvinylidene fluoride polymer matrix." Organic Electronics 61 (2018): 289-295.
    14. Ooi, Poh Choon, MF Mohd Razip Wee, Chang Fu Dee, Chi Chin Yap, Muhammad Mat Salleh, and Burhanuddin Yeop Majlis. "Fabrication of transparent bistable switching memory device using plasmapolymerized hexamethyldisiloxane layers with embedded graphene quantum dots." Thin Solid Films 645 (2018): 45-50.
    15. Sung, Sihyun, Chaoxing Wu, Hyun Soo Jung, and Tae Whan Kim. "Highly-stable write-once-read-many-times switching behaviors of 1D–1R memristive devices based on graphene quantum dot nanocomposites." Scientific reports 8, no. 1 (2018): 12081.
  • Beta Zeolite

     

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

  • Black Phosphorus Powder

     

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

  • Blue Luminescent Graphene Quantum Dots

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Li, Changzheng, and Yanan Yue. “Fluorescence spectroscopy of graphene quantum dots: temperature effect at different excitation wavelengths.” Nanotechnology, vol. 25, no. 43, Sept. 2014, p. 435703., doi:10.1088/0957-4484/25/43/435703.
    2. Bhatnagar, Deepika, et al. “Graphene quantum dots FRET based sensor for early detection of heart attack in human.” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 79, 2016, pp. 495–499., doi:10.1016/j.bios.2015.12.083.
    3. Liu, Yang, et al. “Electro-Optical switching of liquid crystals sandwiched between ion-Beam-Spurted graphene quantum dots-Doped PEDOT:PSS composite layers.” Optics Express, vol. 23, no. 26, 2015, p. 34071., doi:10.1364/oe.23.034071.
    4. Bhatnagar, Deepika, et al. “Ultrasensitive cardiac troponin I antibody based nanohybrid sensor for rapid detection of human heart attack.” International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, vol. 95, 2017, pp. 505–510., doi:10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2016.11.037.
    5. Nieto, Andy, et al. “Graphene reinforced metal and ceramic matrix composites: a review.” International Materials Reviews, vol. 62, no. 5, 2016, pp. 241–302., doi:10.1080/09506608.2016.1219481.
    6. Bok, Chang Han, et al. “Operating mechanisms of highly-Reproducible write-Once-Read-Many-Times memory devices based on graphene quantum dot:Poly(Methyl silsesquioxane) nanocomposites.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 110, no. 1, Apr. 2017, p. 013301., doi:10.1063/1.4973358.
    7. Kim, Do Hyeong, et al. “Highly-Reproducible nonvolatile memristive devices based on polyvinylpyrrolidone: Graphene quantum-Dot nanocomposites.” Organic Electronics, vol. 51, 2017, pp. 156–161., doi:10.1016/j.orgel.2017.09.005.
    8. Gupta, Shagun, et al. “Ultrasensitive transglutaminase based nanosensor for early detection of celiac disease in human.” International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, vol. 105, 2017, pp. 905–911., doi:10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2017.07.126.
    9. Ooi, Poh Choon, et al. “Reduced graphene oxide preparation and its applications in solution-Processed write-Once-Read-Many-Times graphene-Based memory device.” Carbon, vol. 124, 2017, pp. 547–554., doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2017.09.004.
    10. Choi, Hwan Young, et al. “Organic electronic synapses with pinched hystereses based on graphene quantum-Dot nanocomposites.” NPG Asia Materials, vol. 9, no. 7, 2017, doi:10.1038/am.2017.133.
    11. Ooi, Poh Choon, et al. “Fabrication of transparent bistable switching memory device using plasmapolymerized hexamethyldisiloxane layers with embedded graphene quantum dots.” Thin Solid Films, vol. 645, 2018, pp. 45–50., doi:10.1016/j.tsf.2017.10.044.
    12. Wang, Changhong, et al. “Computing: Memristive Devices with Highly Repeatable Analog States Boosted by Graphene Quantum Dots.” Small, vol. 13, no. 20, 2017, doi:10.1002/smll.201770110.
    13. Bakar, Elyani Abu, Mohd Ambri Mohamed, Poh Choon Ooi, MF Mohd Razip Wee, Chang Fu Dee, and Burhanuddin Yeop Majlis. "Fabrication of indium-tin-oxide free, all-solution-processed flexible nanogenerator device using nanocomposite of barium titanate and graphene quantum dots in polyvinylidene fluoride polymer matrix." Organic Electronics 61 (2018): 289-295.
    14. Ooi, Poh Choon, MF Mohd Razip Wee, Chang Fu Dee, Chi Chin Yap, Muhammad Mat Salleh, and Burhanuddin Yeop Majlis. "Fabrication of transparent bistable switching memory device using plasmapolymerized hexamethyldisiloxane layers with embedded graphene quantum dots." Thin Solid Films 645 (2018): 45-50.
    15. Sung, Sihyun, Chaoxing Wu, Hyun Soo Jung, and Tae Whan Kim. "Highly-stable write-once-read-many-times switching behaviors of 1D–1R memristive devices based on graphene quantum dot nanocomposites." Scientific reports 8, no. 1 (2018): 12081.
  • Carboxyl Graphene

    How you get the graphene in the first place? Is it through Hummer's method‚ hydrazine treatment and then some method of functionalization or maybe a different route?

    ACS Material prepares Graphene Oxide using the Modified Hummer’s Method.  The synthesis following that is proprietary and we cannot disclose the details‚ but we are able to produce the functional group:  -COOH as a stock item‚ and the groups: -NH‚ -NH2‚ -Amino-PEG‚ and rGO-NH-Carboimidazole as special order items.  Typically‚ the (-COOH) can be produced by organic reaction using (-OH) and (C-O-C).

    What is the structure of Carboxyl Graphene? The carboxyl groups are only at edges‚ or they are also attached to the basil plane of graphene? What is the electrical conductivity of this product?

    Most Carboxyl groups (-COOH) are at the edges.  The other related group present is derived from –OH or C-O-H which yields O-CH2-COOH.  Carboxyl Graphene is non-conductive.

     

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Lammel, Tobias, et al. “Internalization and cytotoxicity of graphene oxide and carboxyl graphene nanoplatelets in the human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line Hep G2.” Particle and Fibre Toxicology, vol. 10, no. 1, 2013, p. 27., doi:10.1186/1743-8977-10-27.
    2. Chu, Bryan, et al. “Graphene-Enhanced Environmentally-Benign Cutting Fluids for High-Performance Micro-Machining Applications.” Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, vol. 13, no. 8, Jan. 2013, pp. 5500–5504., doi:10.1166/jnn.2013.7538.
    3. Lammel, Tobias, and José M. Navas. “Graphene nanoplatelets spontaneously translocate into the cytosol and physically interact with cellular organelles in the fish cell line PLHC-1.” Aquatic Toxicology, vol. 150, 2014, pp. 55–65., doi:10.1016/j.aquatox.2014.02.016.
    4. Lammel, Tobias, et al. “Potentiating effect of graphene nanomaterials on aromatic environmental pollutant-Induced cytochrome P450 1A expression in the topminnow fish hepatoma cell line PLHC-1.” Environmental Toxicology, vol. 30, no. 10, May 2014, pp. 1192–1204., doi:10.1002/tox.21991.
    5. Liu, Zhenbao, et al. “Intracellular Detection of ATP Using an Aptamer Beacon Covalently Linked to Graphene Oxide Resisting Nonspecific Probe Displacement.” Analytical Chemistry, vol. 86, no. 24, 2014, pp. 12229–12235., doi:10.1021/ac503358m.
    6. Robertson, Neil M., et al. “Monitoring the Multitask Mechanism of DNase I Activity Using Graphene Nanoassemblies.” Bioconjugate Chemistry, vol. 26, no. 4, Oct. 2015, pp. 735–745., doi:10.1021/acs.bioconjchem.5b00067.
    7. Balcioglu, Mustafa, et al. “Doxorubicin loading on graphene oxide, iron oxide and gold nanoparticle hybrid.” Journal of Materials Chemistry B, vol. 1, no. 45, 2013, p. 6187., doi:10.1039/c3tb20992j.
    8. Rana, Muhit, et al. “Nano-Graphene oxide as a novel platform for monitoring the effect of LNA modification on nucleic acid interactions.” The Analyst, vol. 139, no. 4, 2014, pp. 714–720., doi:10.1039/c3an02066e.
    9. Kaplan, Amir, et al. “Structures Self-Assembled from Anionic Graphene and Cationic Manganese Porphyrin: Characterization and Application in Artificial Photosynthesis.” European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, vol. 2014, no. 13, 2014, pp. 2288–2295., doi:10.1002/ejic.201400054.
    10. Balcioglu, Mustafa, et al. “DNA-Length-Dependent Quenching of Fluorescently Labeled Iron Oxide Nanoparticles with Gold, Graphene Oxide and MoS2 Nanostructures.” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol. 6, no. 15, 2014, pp. 12100–12110., doi:10.1021/am503553h.
    11. Balcioglu, Mustafa, et al. “Smart-Polymer-Functionalized Graphene Nanodevices for Thermo-Switch-Controlled Biodetection.” ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering, vol. 1, no. 1, Dec. 2015, pp. 27–36., doi:10.1021/ab500029h.
    12. Lu, Chang, et al. “Covalent linking DNA to graphene oxide and its comparison with physisorbed probes for Hg 2 detection.” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 79, 2016, pp. 244–250., doi:10.1016/j.bios.2015.12.043.
    13. Mauro, Nicolò, et al. “Biotin-Containing Reduced Graphene Oxide-Based Nanosystem as a Multieffect Anticancer Agent: Combining Hyperthermia with Targeted Chemotherapy.” Biomacromolecules, vol. 16, no. 9, May 2015, pp. 2766–2775., doi:10.1021/acs.biomac.5b00705.
    14. Robertson, Neil M., et al. “Discriminating a Single Nucleotide Difference for Enhanced miRNA Detection Using Tunable Graphene and Oligonucleotide Nanodevices.” Langmuir, vol. 31, no. 36, Feb. 2015, pp. 9943–9952., doi:10.1021/acs.langmuir.5b02026.
    15. Robertson, Neil M., et al. “Unlocked Nucleic Acids for miRNA detection using two dimensional nano-Graphene oxide.” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 89, 2017, pp. 551–557., doi:10.1016/j.bios.2016.02.058.
    16. Lu, Chang, et al. “Comparison of Graphene Oxide and Reduced Graphene Oxide for DNA Adsorption and Sensing.” Langmuir, vol. 32, no. 41, June 2016, pp. 10776–10783., doi:10.1021/acs.langmuir.6b03032.
    17. Ionita, Mariana, et al. “Effect of carboxylic acid functionalized graphene on physical-Chemical and biological performances of polysulfone porous films.” Polymer, vol. 92, 2016, pp. 1–12., doi:10.1016/j.polymer.2016.03.040.
    18. Nieto, Andy, et al. “Graphene reinforced metal and ceramic matrix composites: a review.” International Materials Reviews, vol. 62, no. 5, 2016, pp. 241–302., doi:10.1080/09506608.2016.1219481.
    19. Lu, Chang, et al. “Comparison of MoS2, WS2, and Graphene Oxide for DNA Adsorption and Sensing.” Langmuir, vol. 33, no. 2, May 2017, pp. 630–637., doi:10.1021/acs.langmuir.6b04502.
    20. Qin, Ailin, et al. “Precipitation of PEG/Carboxyl-Modified Gold Nanoparticles with Magnesium Pyrophosphate: A New Platform for Real-Time Monitoring of Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification.” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol. 9, no. 12, 2017, pp. 10472–10480., doi:10.1021/acsami.7b00046.
    21. Hizir, Mustafa Salih, et al. “Universal sensor array for highly selective system identification using two-Dimensional nanoparticles.” Chemical Science, vol. 8, no. 8, 2017, pp. 5735–5745., doi:10.1039/c7sc01522d.
    22. Huang, Zhicheng, and Juewen Liu. “Length-Dependent Diblock DNA with Poly-Cytosine (Poly-C) as High-Affinity Anchors on Graphene Oxide.” Langmuir, vol. 34, no. 3, Sept. 2017, pp. 1171–1177., doi:10.1021/acs.langmuir.7b02812.
    23. Ahmed, Syed Rahin, et al. “Optoelectronic fowl adenovirus detection based on local electric field enhancement on graphene quantum dots and gold nanobundle hybrid.” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 103, 2018, pp. 45–53., doi:10.1016/j.bios.2017.12.028.
    24. Wang, Liu, et al. “Transition Metal Dichalcogenide Nanosheets for Visual Monitoring PCR Rivaling a Real-Time PCR Instrument.” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol. 10, no. 5, 2018, pp. 4409–4418., doi:10.1021/acsami.7b15746.
    25. Su, Weitao, Naresh Kumar, Andrey Krayev, and Marc Chaigneau. "In situ topographical chemical and electrical imaging of carboxyl graphene oxide at the nanoscale." Nature communications 9, no. 1 (2018): 2891.
    26. Wang, Liu, Zhicheng Huang, Yibo Liu, Jian Wu, and Juewen Liu. "Fluorescent DNA Probing Nanoscale MnO2: Adsorption, Dissolution by Thiol, and Nanozyme Activity." Langmuir 34, no. 9 (2018): 3094-3101.
    27. Zhang, Zijie, and Juewen Liu. "An engineered one-site aptamer with higher sensitivity for label-free detection of adenosine on graphene oxide." Canadian Journal of Chemistry 96, no. 11 (2018): 957-963.
    28. Chand, Rohit, Yi Lan Wang, David Kelton, and Suresh Neethirajan. "Isothermal DNA amplification with functionalized graphene and nanoparticle assisted electroanalysis for rapid detection of Johne’s disease." Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 261 (2018): 31-37.

     

  • Carboxyl Graphene Water Dispersion

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Lammel, Tobias, et al. “Internalization and cytotoxicity of graphene oxide and carboxyl graphene nanoplatelets in the human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line Hep G2.” Particle and Fibre Toxicology, vol. 10, no. 1, 2013, p. 27., doi:10.1186/1743-8977-10-27.
    2. Chu, Bryan, et al. “Graphene-Enhanced Environmentally-Benign Cutting Fluids for High-Performance Micro-Machining Applications.” Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, vol. 13, no. 8, Jan. 2013, pp. 5500–5504., doi:10.1166/jnn.2013.7538.
    3. Lammel, Tobias, and José M. Navas. “Graphene nanoplatelets spontaneously translocate into the cytosol and physically interact with cellular organelles in the fish cell line PLHC-1.” Aquatic Toxicology, vol. 150, 2014, pp. 55–65., doi:10.1016/j.aquatox.2014.02.016.
    4. Lammel, Tobias, et al. “Potentiating effect of graphene nanomaterials on aromatic environmental pollutant-Induced cytochrome P450 1A expression in the topminnow fish hepatoma cell line PLHC-1.” Environmental Toxicology, vol. 30, no. 10, May 2014, pp. 1192–1204., doi:10.1002/tox.21991.
    5. Liu, Zhenbao, et al. “Intracellular Detection of ATP Using an Aptamer Beacon Covalently Linked to Graphene Oxide Resisting Nonspecific Probe Displacement.” Analytical Chemistry, vol. 86, no. 24, 2014, pp. 12229–12235., doi:10.1021/ac503358m.
    6. Robertson, Neil M., et al. “Monitoring the Multitask Mechanism of DNase I Activity Using Graphene Nanoassemblies.” Bioconjugate Chemistry, vol. 26, no. 4, Oct. 2015, pp. 735–745., doi:10.1021/acs.bioconjchem.5b00067.
    7. Balcioglu, Mustafa, et al. “Doxorubicin loading on graphene oxide, iron oxide and gold nanoparticle hybrid.” Journal of Materials Chemistry B, vol. 1, no. 45, 2013, p. 6187., doi:10.1039/c3tb20992j.
    8. Rana, Muhit, et al. “Nano-Graphene oxide as a novel platform for monitoring the effect of LNA modification on nucleic acid interactions.” The Analyst, vol. 139, no. 4, 2014, pp. 714–720., doi:10.1039/c3an02066e.
    9. Kaplan, Amir, et al. “Structures Self-Assembled from Anionic Graphene and Cationic Manganese Porphyrin: Characterization and Application in Artificial Photosynthesis.” European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, vol. 2014, no. 13, 2014, pp. 2288–2295., doi:10.1002/ejic.201400054.
    10. Balcioglu, Mustafa, et al. “DNA-Length-Dependent Quenching of Fluorescently Labeled Iron Oxide Nanoparticles with Gold, Graphene Oxide and MoS2 Nanostructures.” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol. 6, no. 15, 2014, pp. 12100–12110., doi:10.1021/am503553h.
    11. Balcioglu, Mustafa, et al. “Smart-Polymer-Functionalized Graphene Nanodevices for Thermo-Switch-Controlled Biodetection.” ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering, vol. 1, no. 1, Dec. 2015, pp. 27–36., doi:10.1021/ab500029h.
    12. Lu, Chang, et al. “Covalent linking DNA to graphene oxide and its comparison with physisorbed probes for Hg 2 detection.” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 79, 2016, pp. 244–250., doi:10.1016/j.bios.2015.12.043.
    13. Mauro, Nicolò, et al. “Biotin-Containing Reduced Graphene Oxide-Based Nanosystem as a Multieffect Anticancer Agent: Combining Hyperthermia with Targeted Chemotherapy.” Biomacromolecules, vol. 16, no. 9, May 2015, pp. 2766–2775., doi:10.1021/acs.biomac.5b00705.
    14. Robertson, Neil M., et al. “Discriminating a Single Nucleotide Difference for Enhanced miRNA Detection Using Tunable Graphene and Oligonucleotide Nanodevices.” Langmuir, vol. 31, no. 36, Feb. 2015, pp. 9943–9952., doi:10.1021/acs.langmuir.5b02026.
    15. Robertson, Neil M., et al. “Unlocked Nucleic Acids for miRNA detection using two dimensional nano-Graphene oxide.” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 89, 2017, pp. 551–557., doi:10.1016/j.bios.2016.02.058.
    16. Lu, Chang, et al. “Comparison of Graphene Oxide and Reduced Graphene Oxide for DNA Adsorption and Sensing.” Langmuir, vol. 32, no. 41, June 2016, pp. 10776–10783., doi:10.1021/acs.langmuir.6b03032.
    17. Hizir, Mustafa Salih, et al. “Universal sensor array for highly selective system identification using two-Dimensional nanoparticles.” Chemical Science, vol. 8, no. 8, 2017, pp. 5735–5745., doi:10.1039/c7sc01522d.
    18. Qin, Ailin, et al. “Precipitation of PEG/Carboxyl-Modified Gold Nanoparticles with Magnesium Pyrophosphate: A New Platform for Real-Time Monitoring of Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification.” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol. 9, no. 12, 2017, pp. 10472–10480., doi:10.1021/acsami.7b00046.
    19. Mehmeti, Valbonë, and Fetah I. Podvorica. "Experimental and Theoretical Studies on Corrosion Inhibition of Niobium and Tantalum Surfaces by Carboxylated Graphene Oxide." Materials 11, no. 6 (2018): 893.
    20. Hizir, Mustafa Salih, Nidhi Nandu, and Mehmet V. Yigit. "Homologous miRNA analyses using a combinatorial nanosensor array with two-dimensional nanoparticles." Analytical chemistry 90, no. 10 (2018): 6300-6306.
    21. Nandu, Nidhi, Mustafa Salih Hizir, and Mehmet V. Yigit. "Systematic investigation of two-dimensional DNA nanoassemblies for construction of a nonspecific sensor array." Langmuir 34, no. 49 (2018): 14983-14992.
  • Carboxylated Graphene Quantum Dots

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products 

     

    1. Li, Changzheng, and Yanan Yue. “Fluorescence spectroscopy of graphene quantum dots: temperature effect at different excitation wavelengths.” Nanotechnology, vol. 25, no. 43, Sept. 2014, p. 435703., doi:10.1088/0957-4484/25/43/435703.
    2. Bhatnagar, Deepika, et al. “Graphene quantum dots FRET based sensor for early detection of heart attack in human.” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 79, 2016, pp. 495–499., doi:10.1016/j.bios.2015.12.083.
    3. Liu, Yang, et al. “Electro-Optical switching of liquid crystals sandwiched between ion-Beam-Spurted graphene quantum dots-Doped PEDOT:PSS composite layers.” Optics Express, vol. 23, no. 26, 2015, p. 34071., doi:10.1364/oe.23.034071.
    4. Nieto, Andy, et al. “Graphene reinforced metal and ceramic matrix composites: a review.” International Materials Reviews, vol. 62, no. 5, 2016, pp. 241–302., doi:10.1080/09506608.2016.1219481.
    5. Bok, Chang Han, et al. “Operating mechanisms of highly-Reproducible write-Once-Read-Many-Times memory devices based on graphene quantum dot:Poly(Methyl silsesquioxane) nanocomposites.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 110, no. 1, Apr. 2017, p. 013301., doi:10.1063/1.4973358.
    6. Kim, Do Hyeong, et al. “Highly-Reproducible nonvolatile memristive devices based on polyvinylpyrrolidone: Graphene quantum-Dot nanocomposites.” Organic Electronics, vol. 51, 2017, pp. 156–161., doi:10.1016/j.orgel.2017.09.005.
    7. Gupta, Shagun, et al. “Ultrasensitive transglutaminase based nanosensor for early detection of celiac disease in human.” International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, vol. 105, 2017, pp. 905–911., doi:10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2017.07.126.
    8. Ooi, Poh Choon, et al. “Reduced graphene oxide preparation and its applications in solution-Processed write-Once-Read-Many-Times graphene-Based memory device.” Carbon, vol. 124, 2017, pp. 547–554., doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2017.09.004.
    9. Choi, Hwan Young, et al. “Organic electronic synapses with pinched hystereses based on graphene quantum-Dot nanocomposites.” NPG Asia Materials, vol. 9, no. 7, 2017, doi:10.1038/am.2017.133.
    10. Ooi, Poh Choon, et al. “Fabrication of transparent bistable switching memory device using plasmapolymerized hexamethyldisiloxane layers with embedded graphene quantum dots.” Thin Solid Films, vol. 645, 2018, pp. 45–50., doi:10.1016/j.tsf.2017.10.044.
    11. Abidin, Shariffah Nur Jannah Syed Zainol, et al. “Electropolymerization of poly(3,4-Ethylenedioxythiophene) onto polyvinyl alcohol-Graphene quantum dot-Cobalt oxide nanofiber composite for high-Performance supercapacitor.” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 261, 2018, pp. 548–556., doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2017.12.168.
    12. Wang, Changhong, et al. “Computing: Memristive Devices with Highly Repeatable Analog States Boosted by Graphene Quantum Dots.” Small, vol. 13, no. 20, 2017, doi:10.1002/smll.201770110.
    13. Bakar, Elyani Abu, Mohd Ambri Mohamed, Poh Choon Ooi, MF Mohd Razip Wee, Chang Fu Dee, and Burhanuddin Yeop Majlis. "Fabrication of indium-tin-oxide free, all-solution-processed flexible nanogenerator device using nanocomposite of barium titanate and graphene quantum dots in polyvinylidene fluoride polymer matrix." Organic Electronics 61 (2018): 289-295.
    14. Ooi, Poh Choon, MF Mohd Razip Wee, Chang Fu Dee, Chi Chin Yap, Muhammad Mat Salleh, and Burhanuddin Yeop Majlis. "Fabrication of transparent bistable switching memory device using plasmapolymerized hexamethyldisiloxane layers with embedded graphene quantum dots." Thin Solid Films 645 (2018): 45-50.
    15. Sung, Sihyun, Chaoxing Wu, Hyun Soo Jung, and Tae Whan Kim. "Highly-stable write-once-read-many-times switching behaviors of 1D–1R memristive devices based on graphene quantum dot nanocomposites." Scientific reports 8, no. 1 (2018): 12081.
    16. Sarkar, Kalyan Jyoti, K. Sarkar, B. Pal, and P. Banerji. "Graphene quantum dots as charge trap elements for nonvolatile flash memory." Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids 122 (2018): 137-142.

     

  • Chlorine Functionalized Graphene Quantum Dots

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Li, Changzheng, and Yanan Yue. “Fluorescence spectroscopy of graphene quantum dots: temperature effect at different excitation wavelengths.” Nanotechnology, vol. 25, no. 43, Sept. 2014, p. 435703., doi:10.1088/0957-4484/25/43/435703.
    2. Bhatnagar, Deepika, et al. “Graphene quantum dots FRET based sensor for early detection of heart attack in human.” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 79, 2016, pp. 495–499., doi:10.1016/j.bios.2015.12.083.
    3. Liu, Yang, et al. “Electro-Optical switching of liquid crystals sandwiched between ion-Beam-Spurted graphene quantum dots-Doped PEDOT:PSS composite layers.” Optics Express, vol. 23, no. 26, 2015, p. 34071., doi:10.1364/oe.23.034071.
    4. Bhatnagar, Deepika, et al. “Ultrasensitive cardiac troponin I antibody based nanohybrid sensor for rapid detection of human heart attack.” International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, vol. 95, 2017, pp. 505–510., doi:10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2016.11.037.
    5. Nieto, Andy, et al. “Graphene reinforced metal and ceramic matrix composites: a review.” International Materials Reviews, vol. 62, no. 5, 2016, pp. 241–302., doi:10.1080/09506608.2016.1219481.
    6. Bok, Chang Han, et al. “Operating mechanisms of highly-Reproducible write-Once-Read-Many-Times memory devices based on graphene quantum dot:Poly(Methyl silsesquioxane) nanocomposites.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 110, no. 1, Apr. 2017, p. 013301., doi:10.1063/1.4973358.
    7. Kim, Do Hyeong, et al. “Highly-Reproducible nonvolatile memristive devices based on polyvinylpyrrolidone: Graphene quantum-Dot nanocomposites.” Organic Electronics, vol. 51, 2017, pp. 156–161., doi:10.1016/j.orgel.2017.09.005.
    8. Gupta, Shagun, et al. “Ultrasensitive transglutaminase based nanosensor for early detection of celiac disease in human.” International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, vol. 105, 2017, pp. 905–911., doi:10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2017.07.126.
    9. Ooi, Poh Choon, et al. “Reduced graphene oxide preparation and its applications in solution-Processed write-Once-Read-Many-Times graphene-Based memory device.” Carbon, vol. 124, 2017, pp. 547–554., doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2017.09.004.
    10. Choi, Hwan Young, et al. “Organic electronic synapses with pinched hystereses based on graphene quantum-Dot nanocomposites.” NPG Asia Materials, vol. 9, no. 7, 2017, doi:10.1038/am.2017.133.
    11. Ooi, Poh Choon, et al. “Fabrication of transparent bistable switching memory device using plasmapolymerized hexamethyldisiloxane layers with embedded graphene quantum dots.” Thin Solid Films, vol. 645, 2018, pp. 45–50., doi:10.1016/j.tsf.2017.10.044.
    12. Wang, Changhong, et al. “Computing: Memristive Devices with Highly Repeatable Analog States Boosted by Graphene Quantum Dots.” Small, vol. 13, no. 20, 2017, doi:10.1002/smll.201770110.
    13. Bakar, Elyani Abu, Mohd Ambri Mohamed, Poh Choon Ooi, MF Mohd Razip Wee, Chang Fu Dee, and Burhanuddin Yeop Majlis. "Fabrication of indium-tin-oxide free, all-solution-processed flexible nanogenerator device using nanocomposite of barium titanate and graphene quantum dots in polyvinylidene fluoride polymer matrix." Organic Electronics 61 (2018): 289-295.
    14. Ooi, Poh Choon, MF Mohd Razip Wee, Chang Fu Dee, Chi Chin Yap, Muhammad Mat Salleh, and Burhanuddin Yeop Majlis. "Fabrication of transparent bistable switching memory device using plasmapolymerized hexamethyldisiloxane layers with embedded graphene quantum dots." Thin Solid Films 645 (2018): 45-50.
    15. Sung, Sihyun, Chaoxing Wu, Hyun Soo Jung, and Tae Whan Kim. "Highly-stable write-once-read-many-times switching behaviors of 1D–1R memristive devices based on graphene quantum dot nanocomposites." Scientific reports 8, no. 1 (2018): 12081.
  • Copper Nanoparticles (100nm)

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Bailey, Alta C. "In-Situ Densification of Metal Binder Jet Printed Components via Nanoparticles." PhD diss., North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University, 2018.

  • Copper Nanowire (50-200nm), 1g

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

  • Copper Nanowire in Water (1g)

     

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

  • CVD Graphene on Copper Foil

    FAQ

    1. What's the difference between CVD graphene on copper foil and CVD graphene on copper foil (graphene factory)?

    Our CVD Graphene on Copper Foil (Graphene Factory) product is designed for large size wafer transfers (up to 6x6in) and currently only the monolayer type is available. As the size increases there are likely to be more defects as compared to our standard CVD Graphene on Cu Foil. In general, our standard CVD Graphene on Copper Foil has better quality and the size is available up to 6inch x 4inch. This one has better monolayer graphene coverage because it is easier to control for smaller sizesBoth products are prepared by the CVD method, but we use a different set of equipment, so we name the products differently to make that distinction. You may choose whichever works best for your application.

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Chen, Ruiyi, et al. “Co-Percolating Graphene-Wrapped Silver Nanowire Network for High Performance, Highly Stable, Transparent Conducting Electrodes.” Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 23, no. 41, 2013, pp. 5150–5158., doi:10.1002/adfm.201300124.
    2. O’Hern, Sean C., et al. “Selective Molecular Transport through Intrinsic Defects in a Single Layer of CVD Graphene.” ACS Nano, vol. 6, no. 11, Sept. 2012, pp. 10130–10138., doi:10.1021/nn303869m.
    3. Yoo, Jae-Hyuck, et al. “Graphene folds by femtosecond laser ablation.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 100, no. 23, Apr. 2012, p. 233124., doi:10.1063/1.4724213.
    4. Longchamp, Jean-Nicolas, et al. “Low-Energy electron transmission imaging of clusters on free-Standing graphene.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 101, no. 11, Oct. 2012, p. 113117., doi:10.1063/1.4752717.
    5. Chen, Xu-Dong, et al. “High-Quality and efficient transfer of large-Area graphene films onto different substrates.” Carbon, vol. 56, May 2013, pp. 271–278., doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2013.01.011.
    6. Ye, Qing., et al. “Polarization-Dependent optical absorption of graphene under total internal reflection.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 102, no. 2, doi:10.1063/1.4776694.
    7. Longchamp, Jean-Nicolas, et al. “Ultraclean freestanding graphene by platinum-Metal catalysis.” Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B, Nanotechnology and Microelectronics: Materials, Processing, Measurement, and Phenomena, vol. 31, no. 2, 2013, p. 020605., doi:10.1116/1.4793746.
    8. Wang, Yung Yu, and Peter J. Burke. “A large-Area and contamination-Free graphene transistor for liquid-Gated sensing applications.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 103, no. 5, 2013, p. 052103., doi:10.1063/1.4816764.
    9. Wang, Peng, et al. “Accurate layers determination of graphene on transparent substrate based on polarization-Sensitive absorption effect.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 103, no. 18, 2013, p. 181902., doi:10.1063/1.4827812.
    10. Zhou, Rong, et al. “Large-Energy, narrow-Bandwidth laser pulse at 1645  nm in a diode-Pumped Er:YAG solid-State laser passively Q-Switched by a monolayer graphene saturable absorber.” Applied Optics, vol. 53, no. 2, Sept. 2014, p. 254., doi:10.1364/ao.53.000254.
    11. Choi, Duyoung, et al. “Nanopatterned Graphene Field Effect Transistor Fabricated Using Block Co-Polymer Lithography.” Materials Research Letters, vol. 2, no. 3, Sept. 2014, pp. 131–139., doi:10.1080/21663831.2013.876676.
    12. Srisonphan, Siwapon, et al. “Space charge neutralization by electron-Transparent suspended graphene.” Scientific Reports, vol. 4, no. 1, 2014, doi:10.1038/srep03764.
    13. Joiner, C. A., et al. “Cleaning graphene with a titanium sacrificial layer.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 104, no. 22, Feb. 2014, p. 223109., doi:10.1063/1.4881886.
    14. Roy, T., et al. “Tunneling characteristics in chemical vapor deposited graphene–hexagonal boron nitride–graphene junctions.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 104, no. 12, 2014, p. 123506., doi:10.1063/1.4870073.
    15. Burke, Peter J. “Charging the Quantum Capacitance of Graphene with a Single Biological Ion Channel.” Biophysical Journal, vol. 106, no. 2, 2014, doi:10.1016/j.bpj.2013.11.2796.
    16. Li, Peining, et al. “Graphene-Enhanced Infrared Near-Field Microscopy.” Nano Letters, vol. 14, no. 8, 2014, pp. 4400–4405., doi:10.1021/nl501376a.
    17. Boutilier, Michael S. H., et al. “Implications of Permeation through Intrinsic Defects in Graphene on the Design of Defect-Tolerant Membranes for Gas Separation.” ACS Nano, vol. 8, no. 1, Mar. 2014, pp. 841–849., doi:10.1021/nn405537u.
    18. Lee, Jiye, et al. “Switching Individual Quantum Dot Emission through Electrically Controlling Resonant Energy Transfer to Graphene.” Nano Letters, vol. 14, no. 12, 2014, pp. 7115–7119., doi:10.1021/nl503587z.
    19. Srisonphan, Siwapon, and Komsan Hongesombut. “Tuning the ballistic electron transport of spatial graphene–metal sandwich electrode on a vacuum-Silicon-Based device.” RSC Advances, vol. 5, no. 3, 2015, pp. 2032–2037., doi:10.1039/c4ra09503k. 
    20. Hui, Fei, et al. “Mechanical properties of locally oxidized graphene electrodes.” Archive of Applied Mechanics, vol. 85, no. 3, 2014, pp. 339–345., doi:10.1007/s00419-014-0957-4.
    21. Fujimoto, A, et al. “Negative magnetoresistance in Ti-Cleaned single-Layer graphene.” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 603, 2015, p. 012021., doi:10.1088/1742-6596/603/1/012021.
    22. Thareja, Vrinda, et al. “Electrically Tunable Coherent Optical Absorption in Graphene with Ion Gel.” Nano Letters, vol. 15, no. 3, 2015, pp. 1570–1576., doi:10.1021/nl503431d.
    23. Ye, X. H., et al. “Corrosion resistance of graphene directly and locally grown on bulk nickel substrate by laser irradiation.” RSC Advances, vol. 5, no. 45, 2015, pp. 35384–35390., doi:10.1039/c5ra01267h.
    24. Horvath, Cameron . “Fabrication and Characterization of Edge-Conformed Graphene-Silicon Waveguides.” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 27, no. 6, 6 Jan. 2015, pp. 585–587., doi:10.1109/LPT.2014.2385757.
    25. Ye, Qing. “Polarization-Dependent optical absorption of graphene under total internal reflection.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 102, no. 2, Jan. 2013, doi:10.1063/1.4776694.
    26. Zheng, Guanpeng, et al. “Improved Transfer Quality of CVD-Grown Graphene by Ultrasonic Processing of Target Substrates: Applications for Ultra-Fast Laser Photonics.” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol. 5, no. 20, Sept. 2013, pp. 10288–10293., doi:10.1021/am403205v.
    27. Zeng, Yong, et al. “Investigate the interface structure and growth mechanism of high quality ZnO films grown on multilayer graphene layers.” Applied Surface Science, vol. 301, 2014, pp. 391–395., doi:10.1016/j.apsusc.2014.02.088.
    28. Tang, Pinghua, et al. “Stable high-Energy Q-Switched resonantly diode-Pumped Er:YAG laser at 1645  nm.” OSA Publishing, vol. 53, no. 32, 2014, pp. 7773–7777., doi:10.1364/AO.53.007773.
    29. Watanabe, Hiroshi, et al. “Layer number dependence of carrier lifetime in graphenes observed using time-Resolved mid-Infrared luminescence.” Chemical Physics Letters, vol. 637, 2015, pp. 58–62., doi:10.1016/j.cplett.2015.07.046.
    30. He, Yingbo, et al. “Strongly enhanced Raman scattering of graphene by a single gold nanorod.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 107, no. 5, Mar. 2015, p. 053104., doi:10.1063/1.4927759.
    31. Choi, Duyoung, et al. “Uniformly Nanopatterned Graphene Field-Effect Transistors with Enhanced Properties.” Nanoscale Research Letters, vol. 10, no. 1, Nov. 2015, doi:10.1186/s11671-015-0976-2.
    32. Miao, Lili, et al. “Broadband ultrafast nonlinear optical response of few-Layers graphene: toward the mid-Infrared regime.” Photonics Research, vol. 3, no. 5, 2015, p. 214., doi:10.1364/prj.3.000214.
    33. Hu, Jianchen, et al. “Improvement of the electrical contact resistance at rough interfaces using two dimensional materials.” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 118, no. 21, July 2015, p. 215301., doi:10.1063/1.4936366.
    34. Jain, Tarun, et al. “Heterogeneous sub-Continuum ionic transport in statistically isolated graphene nanopores.” Nature Nanotechnology, vol. 10, no. 12, May 2015, pp. 1053–1057., doi:10.1038/nnano.2015.222.
    35. Srisonphan, Siwapon, and Komsan Hongesombut. “Tuning the ballistic electron transport of spatial graphene–metal sandwich electrode on a vacuum-Silicon-Based device.” RSC Advances, vol. 5, no. 3, 2015, pp. 2032–2037., doi:10.1039/c4ra09503k.
    36. Liu, Xiangjiang, et al. “Compact Shielding of Graphene Monolayer Leads to Extraordinary SERS-Active Substrate with Large-Area Uniformity and Long-Term Stability.” Scientific Reports, vol. 5, no. 1, 2015, doi:10.1038/srep17167.
    37. Hui, Fei, et al. “Moving graphene devices from lab to market: advanced graphene-Coated nanoprobes.” Nanoscale, vol. 8, no. 16, 2016, pp. 8466–8473., doi:10.1039/c5nr06235g.
    38. Ye, Xiaohui, et al. “Protecting carbon steel from corrosion by laser in situ grown graphene films.” Carbon, vol. 94, 2015, pp. 326–334., doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2015.06.080.
    39. Wu, Man, et al. “Wavelength switchable graphene Q-Switched fiber laser with cascaded fiber Bragg gratings.” Optics Communications, vol. 368, 2016, pp. 81–85., doi:10.1016/j.optcom.2016.01.069.
    40. Mackin, Charles, and Tomás Palacios. “Large-Scale sensor systems based on graphene electrolyte-Gated field-Effect transistors.” The Analyst, vol. 141, no. 9, 2016, pp. 2704–2711., doi:10.1039/c5an02328a.
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    42. Cao, Zhengmin, et al. “Nano-Gap between a gold tip and nanorod for polarization dependent surface enhanced Raman scattering.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 109, no. 23, May 2016, p. 233103., doi:10.1063/1.4971832.
    43. Deng, Xiangquan, et al. “Terahertz-Induced photothermoelectric response in graphene-Metal contact structures.” Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, vol. 49, no. 42, 2016, p. 425101., doi:10.1088/0022-3727/49/42/425101.
    44. Guo, Chu‐Cai, et al. “Experimental Demonstration of Total Absorption over 99% in the Near Infrared for Monolayer‐Graphene‐Based Subwavelength Structures.” Advanced Optical Materials, 1 Sept. 2016, onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/adom.201600481/full.
    45. Hu, Jianbo, et al. “Rippling ultrafast dynamics of suspended 2D monolayers, graphene.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 113, no. 43, Oct. 2016, doi:10.1073/pnas.1613818113.
    46. Li, Cheng, et al. “Measurement of the Adhesion Energy of Pressurized Graphene Diaphragm Using Optical Fiber Fabry–Perot Interference.” IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 16, no. 10, 2016, pp. 3664–3669., doi:10.1109/jsen.2016.2536783.
    47. Yuan, Jun, et al. “Modulation of far-Infrared light transmission by graphene-Silicon Schottky junction.” Optical Materials Express, vol. 6, no. 12, 2016, p. 3908., doi:10.1364/ome.6.003908.
    48. Li, Cheng, et al. “Measurement of thermal expansion coefficient of graphene diaphragm using optical fiber Fabry–Perot interference.” Measurement Science and Technology, vol. 27, no. 7, 2016, p. 075102., doi:10.1088/0957-0233/27/7/075102.
    49. Kafiah, Feras M., et al. “Monolayer graphene transfer onto polypropylene and polyvinylidenedifluoride microfiltration membranes for water desalination.” Desalination, vol. 388, 2016, pp. 29–37., doi:10.1016/j.desal.2016.02.027.
    50. Wu, Xiangyu. “Doping of graphene for the application in nano-Interconnect.” Microelectronic Engineering, vol. 167, 5 Jan. 2017, pp. 42–46., doi:10.1016/j.mee.2016.10.013.
    51. Liu, Siyang, et al. “Atomic emission spectroscopy of electrically triggered exploding nanoparticle analytes on graphene/SiO2/Si substrate.” Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B, Nanotechnology and Microelectronics: Materials, Processing, Measurement, and Phenomena, vol. 34, no. 6, doi:10.1116/1.4964819.
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    53. Politou, Maria. “Evaluation of multilayer graphene for advanced interconnects.” Microelectronic Engineering, vol. 167, 5 Jan. 2017, pp. 1–5., doi:10.1016/j.mee.2016.09.011.
    54. Hwang, Michael T., et al. “Highly specific SNP detection using 2D graphene electronics and DNA strand displacement.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 113, no. 26, 2016, pp. 7088–7093., doi:10.1073/pnas.1603753113.
    55. Nieto, Andy, et al. “Graphene reinforced metal and ceramic matrix composites: a review.” International Materials Reviews, vol. 62, no. 5, 2017, pp. 241–302., doi:10.1080/09506608.2016.1219481.
    56. Khorasaninejad, M., et al. “Highly Enhanced Raman Scattering of Graphene using Plasmonic Nano-Structure.” Scientific Reports, vol. 3, no. 1, 2013, doi:10.1038/srep02936.
    57. Kunz, Daniel A., et al. “Space-Resolved In-Plane Moduli of Graphene Oxide and Chemically Derived Graphene Applying a Simple Wrinkling Procedure (Adv. Mater. 9/2013).” Advanced Materials, vol. 25, no. 9, Apr. 2013, pp. 1336–1336., doi:10.1002/adma.201370060.
    58. Peng, Shuhua, et al. “Microwetting of Supported Graphene on Hydrophobic Surfaces Revealed by Polymerized Interfacial Femtodroplets.” Langmuir, vol. 30, no. 33, 2014, pp. 10043–10049., doi:10.1021/la5022774.
    59. Luo, Wen, et al. “Single-Layer Graphene as an Effective Mediator of the Metal–Support Interaction.” The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, vol. 5, no. 11, 2014, pp. 1837–1844., doi:10.1021/jz500425j.
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  • CVD Graphene on Copper Foil (Graphene Factory)

    FAQ

    1. What's the difference between CVD graphene on copper foil and CVD graphene on copper foil (graphene factory)?

    Our CVD Graphene on Copper Foil (Graphene Factory) product is designed for large size wafer transfers (up to 6x6in) and currently only the monolayer type is available. As the size increases there are likely to be more defects as compared to our standard CVD Graphene on Cu Foil. In general, our standard CVD Graphene on Copper Foil has better quality and the size is available up to 6inch x 4inch. This one has better monolayer graphene coverage because it is easier to control for smaller sizesBoth products are prepared by the CVD method, but we use a different set of equipment, so we name the products differently to make that distinction. You may choose whichever works best for your application.

  • CVD Graphene on Copper-PMMA Coated

    Q&A

    1. What is the thickness of PMMA?

    About 500nm.

     

     

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

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    2. Bajestani, Raeis Zadeh, and Seyyed Mohsen. “Graphene-Based Nanophotonic Structures.” University of Waterloo, 2016.
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    4. Hutzler, A., et al. “Generalized approach to design multi-Layer stacks for enhanced optical detectability of ultrathin layers.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 110, no. 2, Sept. 2017, p. 021909., doi:10.1063/1.4973968.
  • CVD Graphene on PET Substrate

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

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  • CVD Graphene on Plastic Substrate

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Chen, Ruiyi, et al. “Co-Percolating Graphene-Wrapped Silver Nanowire Network for High Performance, Highly Stable, Transparent Conducting Electrodes.” Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 23, no. 41, 2013, pp. 5150–5158., doi:10.1002/adfm.201300124.
    2. O’Hern, Sean C., et al. “Selective Molecular Transport through Intrinsic Defects in a Single Layer of CVD Graphene.” ACS Nano, vol. 6, no. 11, Sept. 2012, pp. 10130–10138., doi:10.1021/nn303869m.
    3. Yoo, Jae-Hyuck, et al. “Graphene folds by femtosecond laser ablation.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 100, no. 23, Apr. 2012, p. 233124., doi:10.1063/1.4724213.
    4. Longchamp, Jean-Nicolas, et al. “Low-Energy electron transmission imaging of clusters on free-Standing graphene.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 101, no. 11, Oct. 2012, p. 113117., doi:10.1063/1.4752717.
    5. Chen, Xu-Dong, et al. “High-Quality and efficient transfer of large-Area graphene films onto different substrates.” Carbon, vol. 56, May 2013, pp. 271–278., doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2013.01.011.
    6. Ye, Qing., et al. “Polarization-Dependent optical absorption of graphene under total internal reflection.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 102, no. 2, doi:10.1063/1.4776694.
    7. Longchamp, Jean-Nicolas, et al. “Ultraclean freestanding graphene by platinum-Metal catalysis.” Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B, Nanotechnology and Microelectronics: Materials, Processing, Measurement, and Phenomena, vol. 31, no. 2, 2013, p. 020605., doi:10.1116/1.4793746.
    8. Wang, Yung Yu, and Peter J. Burke. “A large-Area and contamination-Free graphene transistor for liquid-Gated sensing applications.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 103, no. 5, 2013, p. 052103., doi:10.1063/1.4816764.
    9. Wang, Peng, et al. “Accurate layers determination of graphene on transparent substrate based on polarization-Sensitive absorption effect.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 103, no. 18, 2013, p. 181902., doi:10.1063/1.4827812.
    10. Zhou, Rong, et al. “Large-Energy, narrow-Bandwidth laser pulse at 1645  nm in a diode-Pumped Er:YAG solid-State laser passively Q-Switched by a monolayer graphene saturable absorber.” Applied Optics, vol. 53, no. 2, Sept. 2014, p. 254., doi:10.1364/ao.53.000254.
    11. Choi, Duyoung, et al. “Nanopatterned Graphene Field Effect Transistor Fabricated Using Block Co-Polymer Lithography.” Materials Research Letters, vol. 2, no. 3, Sept. 2014, pp. 131–139., doi:10.1080/21663831.2013.876676.
    12. Srisonphan, Siwapon, et al. “Space charge neutralization by electron-Transparent suspended graphene.” Scientific Reports, vol. 4, no. 1, 2014, doi:10.1038/srep03764.
    13. Joiner, C. A., et al. “Cleaning graphene with a titanium sacrificial layer.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 104, no. 22, Feb. 2014, p. 223109., doi:10.1063/1.4881886.
    14. Roy, T., et al. “Tunneling characteristics in chemical vapor deposited graphene–hexagonal boron nitride–graphene junctions.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 104, no. 12, 2014, p. 123506., doi:10.1063/1.4870073.
    15. Burke, Peter J. “Charging the Quantum Capacitance of Graphene with a Single Biological Ion Channel.” Biophysical Journal, vol. 106, no. 2, 2014, doi:10.1016/j.bpj.2013.11.2796.
    16. Li, Peining, et al. “Graphene-Enhanced Infrared Near-Field Microscopy.” Nano Letters, vol. 14, no. 8, 2014, pp. 4400–4405., doi:10.1021/nl501376a.
    17. Boutilier, Michael S. H., et al. “Implications of Permeation through Intrinsic Defects in Graphene on the Design of Defect-Tolerant Membranes for Gas Separation.” ACS Nano, vol. 8, no. 1, Mar. 2014, pp. 841–849., doi:10.1021/nn405537u.
    18. Lee, Jiye, et al. “Switching Individual Quantum Dot Emission through Electrically Controlling Resonant Energy Transfer to Graphene.” Nano Letters, vol. 14, no. 12, 2014, pp. 7115–7119., doi:10.1021/nl503587z.
    19. Srisonphan, Siwapon, and Komsan Hongesombut. “Tuning the ballistic electron transport of spatial graphene–metal sandwich electrode on a vacuum-Silicon-Based device.” RSC Advances, vol. 5, no. 3, 2015, pp. 2032–2037., doi:10.1039/c4ra09503k.
    20. Hui, Fei, et al. “Mechanical properties of locally oxidized graphene electrodes.” Archive of Applied Mechanics, vol. 85, no. 3, 2014, pp. 339–345., doi:10.1007/s00419-014-0957-4.
    21. Fujimoto, A, et al. “Negative magnetoresistance in Ti-Cleaned single-Layer graphene.” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 603, 2015, p. 012021., doi:10.1088/1742-6596/603/1/012021.
    22. Thareja, Vrinda, et al. “Electrically Tunable Coherent Optical Absorption in Graphene with Ion Gel.” Nano Letters, vol. 15, no. 3, 2015, pp. 1570–1576., doi:10.1021/nl503431d.
    23. Ye, X. H., et al. “Corrosion resistance of graphene directly and locally grown on bulk nickel substrate by laser irradiation.” RSC Advances, vol. 5, no. 45, 2015, pp. 35384–35390., doi:10.1039/c5ra01267h.
    24. Horvath, Cameron . “Fabrication and Characterization of Edge-Conformed Graphene-Silicon Waveguides.” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 585–587., doi:10.1109/LPT.2014.2385757.
    25. Marta, Bogdan, et al. “Efficient etching-Free transfer of high quality, large-Area CVD grown graphene onto polyvinyl alcohol films.” Applied Surface Science, vol. 363, 2016, pp. 613–618., doi:10.1016/j.apsusc.2015.11.265.
    26. Zheng, Guanpeng, et al. “Improved Transfer Quality of CVD-Grown Graphene by Ultrasonic Processing of Target Substrates: Applications for Ultra-Fast Laser Photonics.” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol. 5, no. 20, Sept. 2013, pp. 10288–10293., doi:10.1021/am403205v.
    27. Zeng, Yong, et al. “Investigate the interface structure and growth mechanism of high quality ZnO films grown on multilayer graphene layers.” Applied Surface Science, vol. 301, 2014, pp. 391–395., doi:10.1016/j.apsusc.2014.02.088.
    28. Ye, Qing, et al. “Polarization-Dependent optical absorption of graphene under total internal reflection.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 102, no. 2, Jan. 2013, doi:10.1063/1.4776694.
    29. Watanabe, Hiroshi, et al. “Layer number dependence of carrier lifetime in graphenes observed using time-Resolved mid-Infrared luminescence.” Chemical Physics Letters, vol. 637, 2015, pp. 58–62., doi:10.1016/j.cplett.2015.07.046.
    30. He, Yingbo, et al. “Strongly enhanced Raman scattering of graphene by a single gold nanorod.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 107, no. 5, Mar. 2015, p. 053104., doi:10.1063/1.4927759.
    31. Choi, Duyoung, et al. “Uniformly Nanopatterned Graphene Field-Effect Transistors with Enhanced Properties.” Nanoscale Research Letters, vol. 10, no. 1, Nov. 2015, doi:10.1186/s11671-015-0976-2.
    32. Miao, Lili, et al. “Broadband ultrafast nonlinear optical response of few-Layers graphene: toward the mid-Infrared regime.” Photonics Research, vol. 3, no. 5, 2015, p. 214., doi:10.1364/prj.3.000214.
    33. Hu, Jianchen, et al. “Improvement of the electrical contact resistance at rough interfaces using two dimensional materials.” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 118, no. 21, July 2015, p. 215301., doi:10.1063/1.4936366.
    34. Jain, Tarun, et al. “Heterogeneous sub-Continuum ionic transport in statistically isolated graphene nanopores.” Nature Nanotechnology, vol. 10, no. 12, May 2015, pp. 1053–1057., doi:10.1038/nnano.2015.222.
    35. Srisonphan, Siwapon, and Komsan Hongesombut. “Tuning the ballistic electron transport of spatial graphene–metal sandwich electrode on a vacuum-Silicon-Based device.” RSC Advances, vol. 5, no. 3, 2015, pp. 2032–2037., doi:10.1039/c4ra09503k.
    36. Liu, Xiangjiang, et al. “Compact Shielding of Graphene Monolayer Leads to Extraordinary SERS-Active Substrate with Large-Area Uniformity and Long-Term Stability.” Scientific Reports, vol. 5, no. 1, 2015, doi:10.1038/srep17167.
    37. Hui, Fei, et al. “Moving graphene devices from lab to market: advanced graphene-Coated nanoprobes.” Nanoscale, vol. 8, no. 16, 2016, pp. 8466–8473., doi:10.1039/c5nr06235g.
    38. Ye, Xiaohui, et al. “Protecting carbon steel from corrosion by laser in situ grown graphene films.” Carbon, vol. 94, 2015, pp. 326–334., doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2015.06.080.
    39. Wu, Man, et al. “Wavelength switchable graphene Q-Switched fiber laser with cascaded fiber Bragg gratings.” Optics Communications, vol. 368, 2016, pp. 81–85., doi:10.1016/j.optcom.2016.01.069.
    40. Mackin, Charles, and Tomás Palacios. “Large-Scale sensor systems based on graphene electrolyte-Gated field-Effect transistors.” The Analyst, vol. 141, no. 9, 2016, pp. 2704–2711., doi:10.1039/c5an02328a.
    41. Politou, Maria, et al. “Multi-Layer graphene interconnect.” 2016 IEEE International Interconnect Technology Conference / Advanced Metallization Conference (IITC/AMC), July 2016, doi:10.1109/IITC-AMC.2016.7507731.
    42. Cao, Zhengmin, et al. “Nano-Gap between a gold tip and nanorod for polarization dependent surface enhanced Raman scattering.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 109, no. 23, May 2016, p. 233103., doi:10.1063/1.4971832.
    43. Deng, Xiangquan, et al. “Terahertz-Induced photothermoelectric response in graphene-Metal contact structures.” Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, vol. 49, no. 42, 2016, p. 425101., doi:10.1088/0022-3727/49/42/425101.
    44. Guo, Chu-Cai, et al. “Experimental Demonstration of Total Absorption over 99% in the Near Infrared for Monolayer-Graphene-Based Subwavelength Structures.” Advanced Optical Materials, vol. 4, no. 12, Jan. 2016, pp. 1955–1960., doi:10.1002/adom.201600481.
    45. Hu, Jianbo, et al. “Rippling ultrafast dynamics of suspended 2D monolayers, graphene.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 113, no. 43, Oct. 2016, doi:10.1073/pnas.1613818113.
    46. Li, Cheng, et al. “Measurement of the Adhesion Energy of Pressurized Graphene Diaphragm Using Optical Fiber Fabry–Perot Interference.” IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 16, no. 10, 2016, pp. 3664–3669., doi:10.1109/jsen.2016.2536783.
    47. Yuan, Jun, et al. “Modulation of far-Infrared light transmission by graphene-Silicon Schottky junction.” Optical Materials Express, vol. 6, no. 12, 2016, p. 3908., doi:10.1364/ome.6.003908.
    48. Li, Cheng, et al. “Measurement of thermal expansion coefficient of graphene diaphragm using optical fiber Fabry–Perot interference.” Measurement Science and Technology, vol. 27, no. 7, 2016, p. 075102., doi:10.1088/0957-0233/27/7/075102.
    49. Kafiah, Feras M., et al. “Monolayer graphene transfer onto polypropylene and polyvinylidenedifluoride microfiltration membranes for water desalination.” Desalination, vol. 388, 2016, pp. 29–37., doi:10.1016/j.desal.2016.02.027.
    50. Wu, Xiangyu, et al. “Doping of graphene for the application in nano-Interconnect.” Microelectronic Engineering, vol. 167, 5 Jan. 2017, pp. 42–46., doi:10.1016/j.mee.2016.10.013.
    51. Liu, Siyang, et al. “Atomic emission spectroscopy of electrically triggered exploding nanoparticle analytes on graphene/SiO2/Si substrate.” Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B, Nanotechnology and Microelectronics: Materials, Processing, Measurement, and Phenomena, vol. 34, no. 6, 2016, doi:10.1116/1.4964819.
    52. Sattler, Klaus D. Carbon nanomaterials sourcebook. Vol. 1, CRC Press, 2016.
    53. Politou, Maria, et al. “Evaluation of multilayer graphene for advanced interconnects.” Microelectronic Engineering, vol. 167, 5 Jan. 2017, pp. 1–5., doi:10.1016/j.mee.2016.09.011.
    54. Hwang, Michael T., et al. “Highly specific SNP detection using 2D graphene electronics and DNA strand displacement.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 113, no. 26, 2016, pp. 7088–7093., doi:10.1073/pnas.1603753113.
    55. Nieto, Andy. “Graphene reinforced metal and ceramic matrix composites: a review.” International Materials Reviews, vol. 62, no. 5, 27 Oct. 2017, pp. 241–302., doi:10.1080/09506608.2016.1219481.
    56. Khorasaninejad, M., et al. “Highly Enhanced Raman Scattering of Graphene using Plasmonic Nano-Structure.” Scientific Reports, vol. 3, no. 1, 2013, doi:10.1038/srep02936.
    57. Kunz, Daniel A., et al. “Space-Resolved In-Plane Moduli of Graphene Oxide and Chemically Derived Graphene Applying a Simple Wrinkling Procedure (Adv. Mater. 9/2013).” Advanced Materials, vol. 25, no. 9, Apr. 2013, pp. 1336–1336., doi:10.1002/adma.201370060.
    58. Peng, Shuhua, et al. “Microwetting of Supported Graphene on Hydrophobic Surfaces Revealed by Polymerized Interfacial Femtodroplets.” Langmuir, vol. 30, no. 33, 2014, pp. 10043–10049., doi:10.1021/la5022774.
    59. Luo, Wen, et al. “Single-Layer Graphene as an Effective Mediator of the Metal–Support Interaction.” The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, vol. 5, no. 11, 2014, pp. 1837–1844., doi:10.1021/jz500425j.
    60. Suemoto, Tohru, et al. “Thickness dependent hot-Phonon effects observed by femtosecond mid-Infrared luminescence in graphene.” 19th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena, 2014, doi:10.1364/up.2014.07.mon.p1.32.
    61. Zhou, Haosen, et al. “Influence of CO2 On the Stability of Discharge Performance for Li-Air Battery with Hybrid Electrolyte Based On the Graphene Sheet.” Conference: 224th ECS Meeting. Oct. 2013, doi:10.1039/c3ra47258b.
    62. Thareja, Vrinda. “Electrically Tunable Optical Absorption in a Graphene-Based Salisbury Screen.” CORNELL UNIVERSITY LIBRARY, 7 Sept. 2014.
    63. Horvath, Cameron S. “Light Propagation and Photothermal Nonlinearity in Graphene-Si Waveguides .” University of Alberta Libraries , Nov. 2013, doi:10.7939/R3ST1N.
    64. Li, Cheng, et al. “Interference characteristics in a Fabry–Perot cavity with graphene membrane for optical fiber pressure sensors.” Microsystem Technologies, vol. 21, no. 11, 2014, pp. 2297–2306., doi:10.1007/s00542-014-2333-2.
    65. Kou, Jun-Long, et al. “Platform for enhanced light–graphene interaction length and miniaturizing fiber stereo devices.” Optica, vol. 1, no. 5, 2014, p. 307., doi:10.1364/optica.1.000307.
    66. Karnik, Rohit. “Ionic and Molecular Transport Through Graphene Membranes.” Transport and Reactivity of Solutions in Confined Hydrosystems NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security, Dec. 2013, pp. 95–102., doi:10.1007/978-94-007-7534-3_8.
    67. Warren, A. J., et al. “In vacuo X-Ray data collection from graphene-Wrapped protein crystals.” Acta Crystallographica Section D STRUCTURAL BIOLOGY, vol. D71, 2015, pp. 2079–2088., doi:10.1107/S1399004715014194.
    68. Wen, Chenyu, et al. “Assessing kinetics of surface adsorption–desorption of gas molecules via electrical measurements.” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, vol. 223, 2016, pp. 791–798., doi:10.1016/j.snb.2015.10.019.
    69. Li, Cheng, et al. “Analyzing the applicability of miniature ultra-High sensitivity Fabry–Perot acoustic sensor using a nanothick graphene diaphragm.” Measurement Science and Technology, vol. 26, no. 8, 10 July 2015.
    70. Li, Cheng, et al. “Analyzing the temperature sensitivity of Fabry-Perot sensor using multilayer graphene diaphragm.” OSA Publishing, vol. 23, no. 21, 2015, pp. 27494–27502., doi:10.1364/OE.23.027494.
    71. Lau, K. Y., et al. “High Signal-To-Noise Ratio Q-Switching Erbium Doped Fiber Laser Pulse Emission Utilizing Single Layer Trivial Transfer Graphene Film Saturable Absorber.” Jurnal Teknologi, vol. 78, no. 3, 2016, doi:10.11113/jt.v78.7478.
    72. Zheng, Shijun, et al. “Acoustic charge transport induced by the surface acoustic wave in chemical doped graphene.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 109, no. 18, 2016, p. 183110., doi:10.1063/1.4967192.
    73. Deng, Xiangquan, et al. “Terahertz-Induced photothermoelectric response in graphene-Metal contact structures.” Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, vol. 49, no. 42, 2016, p. 425101., doi:10.1088/0022-3727/49/42/425101.
    74. Luo, Wen, and Spyridon Zafeiratos. “Inside Back Cover: Graphene-Coated ZnO and SiO2 as Supports for CoO Nanoparticles with Enhanced Reducibility.” ChemPhysChem, vol. 17, no. 19, Apr. 2016, pp. 3146–3146., doi:10.1002/cphc.201601023.
    75. Lau, K.Y., et al. “Passively mode-Locked soliton femtosecond pulses employing graphene saturable absorber.” Optics & Laser Technology, vol. 94, 2017, pp. 221–227., doi:10.1016/j.optlastec.2017.03.035.
    76. Fitri, Meika Aidil, et al. “Fabrication of TiO 2 -Graphene photocatalyst by direct chemical vapor deposition and its anti-Fouling property.” Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 198, 2017, pp. 42–48., doi:10.1016/j.matchemphys.2017.05.053.
    77. Li, Cheng, et al. “Nondestructive andin situdetermination of graphene layers using optical fiber Fabry–Perot interference.” Measurement Science and Technology, vol. 28, no. 2, Dec. 2017, p. 025206., doi:10.1088/1361-6501/aa54f8.
    78. Gao, Xiangyang, et al. “Measuring Graphene Adhesion on Silicon Substrate by Single and Dual Nanoparticle-Loaded Blister.” Advanced Materials Interfaces, vol. 4, no. 9, 2017, p. 1601023., doi:10.1002/admi.201601023.
    79. Tang, Xiaoduan, et al. “Five Orders of Magnitude Reduction in Energy Coupling across Corrugated Graphene/Substrate Interfaces.” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol. 6, no. 4, July 2014, pp. 2809–2818., doi:10.1021/am405388a.
    80. Morrow, W. K., et al. “(Invited) The Use of Graphene as a Solid State Diffusion Barrier.” ECS Transactions, vol. 61, no. 4, 2014, pp. 371–379., doi:10.1149/06104.0371ecst.
    81. Zheng, Haisheng, et al. “Ultrafine Pt nanoparticle induced doping/Strain of single layer graphene: experimental corroboration between conduction and Raman characteristics.” Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, vol. 26, no. 7, 2015, pp. 4746–4753., doi:10.1007/s10854-015-3043-y.
    82. Blinco , James P, et al. “Spin-Coated Carbon." Chemical Science, no. 9, 2013, pp. 3411–3415., doi:10.1039/C3SC51396C.
    83. Zheng, H., et al. “Effect of Sub 1-Nm Pt Nanoparticle on the Conduction Properties of Graphene Based Field Effect Transistor.” ECS Transactions, vol. 61, no. 39, Jan. 2014, pp. 1–11., doi:10.1149/06139.0001ecst.
    84. Mckitterick, Christopher B., et al. “Electron-Phonon cooling in large monolayer graphene devices.” Physical Review B, vol. 93, no. 7, Apr. 2016, doi:10.1103/physrevb.93.075410.
    85. Chan, Chun Yu. “Graphene based electrical biosensors for the detection of biomolecules.” The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, 2016.
    86. Pápa, Z., et al. “Spectroscopic ellipsometric investigation of graphene and thin carbon films from the point of view of depolarization effects.” Applied Surface Science, vol. 421, 2017, pp. 714–721., doi:10.1016/j.apsusc.2016.11.231.
    87. Hussain, Mushtaque, et al. “The improved piezoelectric properties of ZnO nanorods with oxygen plasma treatment on the single layer graphene coated polymer substrate.” Physica status solidi (a), vol. 211, no. 2, Oct. 2014, pp. 455–459., doi:10.1002/pssa.201300330.
    88. Kafiah, Feras, et al. “Synthesis of Graphene Based Membranes: Effect of Substrate Surface Properties on Monolayer Graphene Transfer.” Materials, vol. 10, no. 1, 2017, p. 86., doi:10.3390/ma10010086.
    89. Liang, Ji, et al. “Modulation of acousto-Electric current using a hybrid on-Chip AlN SAW/GFET device.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 110, no. 24, Dec. 2017, p. 243504., doi:10.1063/1.4986481.
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    92. Huang, Kun, et al. “Graphene coupled with Pt cubic nanoparticles for high performance, air-Stable graphene-Silicon solar cells.” Nano Energy, vol. 32, 2017, pp. 225–231., doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2016.12.042.
    93. Lu, Bingyu, et al. “Roughened cylindrical gold layer with curve graphene coating for enhanced sensitivity of fiber SPR sensor.” 2017 19th International Conference on Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems (TRANSDUCERS), 2017, doi:10.1109/transducers.2017.7994461.
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    100. Liang, Ji, et al. “Manipulation of carriers in graphene using an on-Chip acoustic wave device.” 2017 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS), 2017, doi:10.1109/ultsym.2017.8092898.
    101. Luo, Wen, et al. “Interaction of bimetallic PtCo layers with bare and graphene-Covered ZnO(0001) supports.” Surface Science, vol. 669, 2018, pp. 64–70., doi:10.1016/j.susc.2017.11.001.
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    106. Fitri, Meika Aidil, et al. “Fabrication of TiO 2 -Graphene photocatalyst by direct chemical vapor deposition and its anti-Fouling property.” Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 198, 2017, pp. 42–48., doi:10.1016/j.matchemphys.2017.05.053.
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  • CVD Graphene on Quartz Substrate

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

  • CVD Graphene on Silicon Substrate

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

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  • CVD Graphene on SiO2 Substrate

    FAQ

    Is the substrate doped? What's the type?

    It is heavily doped p-type Si wafer and the electrical resistivity is about 1-10 Ω·cm.

     

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

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    91. Yan, Xiao-Qing, et al. “Polarization dependence of graphene transient optical response: interplay between incident direction and anisotropic distribution of nonequilibrium carriers.” Journal of the Optical Society of America B, vol. 34, no. 1, 2016, p. 218., doi:10.1364/josab.34.000218.
    92. Huang, Kun, et al. “Graphene coupled with Pt cubic nanoparticles for high performance, air-Stable graphene-Silicon solar cells.” Nano Energy, vol. 32, 2017, pp. 225–231., doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2016.12.042.
    93. Lu, Bingyu, et al. “Roughened cylindrical gold layer with curve graphene coating for enhanced sensitivity of fiber SPR sensor.” 2017 19th International Conference on Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems (TRANSDUCERS), 2017, doi:10.1109/transducers.2017.7994461.
    94. Kafiah, Feras, et al. “Synthesis of Graphene Based Membranes: Effect of Substrate Surface Properties on Monolayer Graphene Transfer.” Materials, vol. 10, no. 1, 2017, p. 86., doi:10.3390/ma10010086.
    95. Hsu, Wei-Hao, et al. “Low-Energy electron point projection microscopy/Diffraction study of suspended graphene.” Applied Surface Science, vol. 423, 30 Nov. 2017, pp. 266–274., doi:10.1016/j.apsusc.2017.06.148.
    96. Peng, Shuhua, et al. “Microwetting of Supported Graphene on Hydrophobic Surfaces Revealed by Polymerized Interfacial Femtodroplets.” Langmuir, vol. 30, no. 33, 2014, pp. 10043–10049., doi:10.1021/la5022774.
    97. Horvath, Cameron, et al. “Edge-Conformed silicon-Graphene waveguides: Fabrication and measurements.” 11th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (GFP), 2014, doi:10.1109/group4.2014.6961953.
    98. Watanabe, Hiroshi, et al. “Femtosecond midi-Infrared luminescence with hot-Phonon effects in graphenes and graphite.”
    99. Hassan, Saad. Transparent conductive article.
    100. Liang, Ji, et al. “Manipulation of carriers in graphene using an on-Chip acoustic wave device.” 2017 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS), 2017, doi:10.1109/ultsym.2017.8092898.
    101. Luo, Wen, et al. “Interaction of bimetallic PtCo layers with bare and graphene-Covered ZnO(0001) supports.” Surface Science, vol. 669, 2018, pp. 64–70., doi:10.1016/j.susc.2017.11.001.
    102. Jiang, Wen-Shuai, et al. “Preparation of high-Quality graphene using triggered microwave reduction under an air atmosphere.” Journal of Materials Chemistry C, 2018, doi:10.1039/c7tc03957c.
    103. Dong, Nannan, et al. “Pressure and Temperature Sensor Based on Graphene Diaphragm and Fiber Bragg Gratings.” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, 2017, pp. 1–1., doi:10.1109/lpt.2017.2786292.
    104. Huczko, Andrzej, et al. “Efficient one-Pot combustion synthesis of few-Layered graphene.” Physica status solidi (b), vol. 252, no. 11, 2015, pp. 2412–2417., doi:10.1002/pssb.201552233.
    105. Lu, Bingyu, et al. “Roughened cylindrical gold layer with curve graphene coating for enhanced sensitivity of fiber SPR sensor.” 2017 19th International Conference on Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems (TRANSDUCERS), 2017, doi:10.1109/transducers.2017.7994461.
    106. Fitri, Meika Aidil, et al. “Fabrication of TiO 2 -Graphene photocatalyst by direct chemical vapor deposition and its anti-Fouling property.” Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 198, 2017, pp. 42–48., doi:10.1016/j.matchemphys.2017.05.053.
    107. Bezryadin, A, et al. “Large energy storage efficiency of the dielectric layer of graphene nanocapacitors.” Nanotechnology, vol. 28, no. 49, 2017, p. 495401., doi:10.1088/1361-6528/aa935c.
    108. Shi, Cheng, et al. “Metamaterial-Based graphene thermal emitter.” Nano Research, June 2017, doi:10.1007/s12274-017-1922-7.
    109. Mccaffrey, Debra L., et al. “Mechanism of ion adsorption to aqueous interfaces: Graphene/Water vs. air/Water.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 114, no. 51, 2017, pp. 13369–13373., doi:10.1073/pnas.1702760114.
    110. Zhang, Qin, et al. “Negative differential resistance and hysteresis in graphene-Based organic light-Emitting devices.” Journal of Materials Chemistry C, The Royal Society of Chemistry, 1 Jan. 2018, pubs.rsc.org/en/Content/ArticleLanding/2017/TC/C7TC05148D#!
    111. Miskin, Marc Z., et al. “Graphene-Based bimorphs for micron-Sized, autonomous origami machines.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 115, no. 3, Feb. 2018, pp. 466–470., doi:10.1073/pnas.1712889115.
    112. Bukola, Saheed, et al. “Selective Proton/Deuteron Transport through Nafion|Graphene|Nafion Sandwich Structures at High Current Density.” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 140, no. 5, 2018, pp. 1743–1752., doi:10.1021/jacs.7b10853.
    113. Brown, Morgan A., et al. “Graphene Biotransistor Interfaced with a Nitrifying Biofilm.” Environmental Science & Technology Letters, vol. 2, no. 4, Mar. 2015, pp. 118–122., doi:10.1021/acs.estlett.5b00025.
    114. Woo, Sung Oh, and Winfried Teizer. “The effect of electron induced hydrogenation of graphene on its electrical transport properties.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 103, no. 4, 2013, p. 041603., doi:10.1063/1.4816475.
    115. Li, Cheng, et al. “Manipulation of Nonlinear Optical Properties of Graphene Bonded Fiber Devices by Thermally Engineering Fermi-Dirac Distribution.” Advanced Optical Materials, vol. 5, no. 21, 2017, doi:10.1002/adom.201770103.
    116. Chirayath, V. A, et al. “Positron induced electron emission from graphene.” IOP Science, Journal of Physics: Conference Series.
    117. Lock, Evgeniya H., et al. Stable IR Transparent Conductive Graphene Hybrid Materials and Methods of Making.
    118. Beechem, Thomas E., et al. “Self-Heating and Failure in Scalable Graphene Devices.” Scientific Reports, vol. 6, no. 1, Sept. 2016, doi:10.1038/srep26457.
    119. Ma, Yufeng, and Anni Siitonen. Chemical sensor using molecularly-Imprinted single layer graphene.
    120. Morrow, Wayne K., et al. “Role of graphene interlayers in mitigating degradation of Ni/Au ohmic contact morphology on p-Type GaN.” Vacuum, vol. 128, 2016, pp. 34–38., doi:10.1016/j.vacuum.2016.03.004.
    121. Nagamanasa, Kandula Hima, et al. “Liquid-Cell Electron Microscopy of Adsorbed Polymers.” Advanced Materials, vol. 29, no. 41, 2017, p. 1703555., doi:10.1002/adma.201703555.
    122. Hui, Fei. “Variability of graphene devices fabricated using graphene inks: Atomic force microscope tips.” Surface and Coatings Technology, vol. 320, 25 June 2017, doi:10.1016/j.surfcoat.2016.12.020.
    123. Chirayath, V A, et al. “Investigation of graphene using low energy positron annihilation induced Doppler broadening spectroscopy.” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 791, 2017, p. 012032., doi:10.1088/1742-6596/791/1/012032.
    124. Niu, Tianxiao, et al. “Indentation behavior of the stiffest membrane mounted on a very compliant substrate: Graphene on PDMS.” International Journal of Solids and Structures, vol. 132-133, 2018, pp. 1–8., doi:10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2017.05.038.
    125. Nashed, Ramy, et al. “Ultra-High Mobility in Dielectrically Pinned CVD Graphene.” IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society, vol. 4, no. 6, 2016, pp. 466–472., doi:10.1109/jeds.2016.2595498.
    126. Niu, Tianxiao, et al. “Fracture behavior of graphene mounted on stretchable substrate.” Carbon, vol. 109, 2016, pp. 852–859., doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2016.08.087.
    127. Boutilier, Michael S H, et al. “Knudsen effusion through polymer-Coated three-Layer porous graphene membranes.” Nanotechnology, vol. 28, no. 18, Oct. 2017, p. 184003., doi:10.1088/1361-6528/aa680f.
    128. Du, Feng, et al. “Surface stress of graphene layers supported on soft substrate.” Scientific Reports, vol. 6, no. 1, Nov. 2016, doi:10.1038/srep25653.
    129. Yokaribas, Volkan, et al. “Strain Gauges Based on CVD Graphene Layers and Exfoliated Graphene Nanoplatelets with Enhanced Reproducibility and Scalability for Large Quantities.” Sensors, vol. 17, no. 12, 2017, p. 2937., doi:10.3390/s17122937.
    130. Han, Ruirui. "Flexible Thermoelectric Generators and 2-D Graphene pH Sensors for Wireless Sensing in Hot Spring Ecosystem." PhD diss., Arizona State University, 2018.
  • Double-Pass AAO (5p/Pack)

    FAQ

    1. What is the best method to dissolve/etch an AAO Template?

    There are two methods that we recommend. Please make the best adjustments based on your own experiment.

    Slow Removal: Depending on the microstructure evolution, a slow removal of AAO layer may be preferred. This can be achieved by using 5 wt% phosphate acid at 30º Celsius. Usually, this process is suitable for Single-Pass AAO. 

    Rapid removal: Use heated 3M NaOH or HCl solution, depending on your specific needs.

    2. What's the thickness of the Al substrate?

    The Al substrate is 150microns thick.

    3. What is the best method for cutting an AAO Template?

    The method we recommend involves using a metal ruler, a sharp knife or blade, a clean cloth (specialized cleanroom wipes suggested), and a hard flat surface (glass or steel).

    Cutting Method:

      1. Cover the hard surface with a cleanroom wipe or clean cloth.

      2. Place the AAO sample on the wipe with the Al substrate (back side) facing up.

      3. Align the metal ruler parallel to the cut you want to make.

      4. Press down firmly on the ruler and slice the AAO sample several times along the edge of the ruler. 

      5. If the AAO sample is not cut through completely, slowly and carefully bend the template until it comes apart. 

      6. Finally, the AAO sample can be cleaned by ultrasonic cleaning <30 seconds using acetone, ethanol, isopropyl alcohol or deionized water.  

     

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Jaworski, Nazariy, and Nazariy Andrushchak. “A method of nanoporous anodic aluminum oxide structure modeling based on Bezier curves generation.” 2017 14th International Conference The Experience of Designing and Application of CAD Systems in Microelectronics (CADSM), 2017, doi:10.1109/cadsm.2017.7916085.
    2. Fleming, Evan, Feng Du, Eric Ou, Liming Dai, and Li Shi. "Thermal conductivity of carbon nanotubes grown by catalyst-free chemical vapor deposition in nanopores." Carbon 145 (2019): 195-200.
    3. Liu, Cong. "Nanoporous materials chemistry: From gas separation to high pressure chemistry." (2017).
    4. Jaworski, Nazariy, Marek Iwaniec, and Mykhaylo Lobur. "Implementation Features of Fibrous Composite Microlevel Structure Model Construction Based on Bezier Curves Generation and OpenCL Technology Usage." Machine Dynamics Research 41 (2017).
    5. Fleming, Evan. "Multi-scale investigation of composite materials for enhanced phase change thermal storage systems." PhD diss., 2018.
  • Expandable Graphite

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

     

  • Gamma-Aluminum Oxide Nanofibers (Al2O3)

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Ghasemi-Kahrizsangi, Salman, et al. “The influence of Al 2 O 3 nanoparticles addition on the microstructure and properties of bauxite self–flowing low-Cement castables.” Ceramics International, vol. 43, no. 12, 2017, pp. 8813–8818., doi:10.1016/j.ceramint.2017.04.013.
  • Gamma-Aluminum Oxide Powder

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

  • Graphene Dispersion in NMP

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Nieto, Andy, et al. “Graphene reinforced metal and ceramic matrix composites: a review.” International Materials Reviews, vol. 62, no. 5, 2016, pp. 241–302., doi:10.1080/09506608.2016.1219481.
    2. Chand, Rohit, and Suresh Neethirajan. “Microfluidic platform integrated with graphene-Gold nano-Composite aptasensor for one-Step detection of norovirus.” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 98, 2017, pp. 47–53., doi:10.1016/j.bios.2017.06.026.
    3. Halim, Willy, Jin-Hong Lee, Sang-Mok Park, Rui Zhang, Snatika Sarkar, Travis O’Neil, Yi-Chen Chiang, and Yong Lak Joo. "Directly Deposited Binder-Free Sulfur Electrode Enabled by Air-Controlled Electrospray Process." ACS Applied Energy Materials (2018).
  • Graphene Dispersion in NMP (Oxygen Reduced)

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

  • Graphene Dispersion in Water (Dia:1-3μm)

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

     
  • Graphene Nanoplatelets (1-2nm)

    Q&A

    Q: What are the thermal stability of Graphene Nanoplatelets at ambient pressure?

    A: GNPs will not oxide below 600 Celsius‚ and they are very stable.

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Xu, Peng, et al. “Load transfer and mechanical properties of chemically reduced graphene reinforcements in polymer composites.” Nanotechnology, vol. 23, no. 50, 2012, p. 505713., doi:10.1088/0957-4484/23/50/505713.
    2. Zhang, Xueping, et al. “Preparation and characterization of Pt nanoparticles supported on modified graphite nanoplatelet using solution blending method.” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 38, no. 21, 2013, pp. 8909–8913., doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.05.038.
    3. Xia, Gaoqiang, et al. “Highly uniform platinum nanoparticles supported on graphite nanoplatelets as a catalyst for proton exchange membrane fuel cells.” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 39, no. 28, 23 Sept. 2014, doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.08.033.
    4. Li, Xiguang, et al. “Forced assembly by multilayer coextrusion to create oriented graphene reinforced polymer nanocomposites.” Polymer, vol. 55, no. 1, 2014, pp. 248–257., doi:10.1016/j.polymer.2013.11.025.
    5. Wang, Xuebin, et al. “Three-Dimensional strutted graphene grown by substrate-Free sugar blowing for high-Power-Density supercapacitors.” Nature Communications, vol. 4, 2013, doi:10.1038/ncomms3905.
    6. Luan, Xinning, and Ying Wang. “Thermal Annealing and Graphene Modification of Exfoliated Hydrogen Titanate Nanosheets for Enhanced Lithium-Ion Intercalation Properties.” Journal of Materials Science & Technology, vol. 30, no. 9, 2014, pp. 839–846., doi:10.1016/j.jmst.2014.07.003.
    7. Yilmazoglu, O., et al. “Photocathodes based on graphene nanoplatelet emitters on semi-Insulating GaAs photoswitch.” 2014 27th International Vacuum Nanoelectronics Conference (IVNC), 2014, doi:10.1109/ivnc.2014.6894740.
    8. Swiderska-Mocek, Agnieszka, and Ewelina Rudnicka. “Lithium–sulphur battery with activated carbon cloth-Sulphur cathode and ionic liquid as electrolyte.” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 273, 2015, pp. 162–167., doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2014.09.020.
    9. Johnson, Drew W. “Characterizations of Nanofluid Heat Transfer Enhancements.” June 2013, doi:10.21236/ada590127.
    10. Wehnert, F., et al. “Design of multifunctional adhesives by the use of carbon nanoparticles.” Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, vol. 29, no. 17, 2015, pp. 1849–1859., doi:10.1080/01694243.2015.1014536.
    11. Li, Mingqi, et al. “Fabrication of graphene nanoplatelets-Supported SiO x -Disordered carbon composite and its application in lithium-Ion batteries.” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 293, 2015, pp. 976–982., doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.06.019.
    12. Zhang, Genlei, et al. “Small-Sized and highly dispersed Pt nanoparticles loading on graphite nanoplatelets as an effective catalyst for methanol oxidation.” Nanoscale, vol. 7, no. 22, 2015, pp. 10170–10177., doi:10.1039/c5nr01882j.
    13. Filippidou, M.K., et al. “A flexible strain sensor made of graphene nanoplatelets/Polydimethylsiloxane nanocomposite.” Microelectronic Engineering, vol. 142, 2015, pp. 7–11., doi:10.1016/j.mee.2015.06.007.
    14. Zhang, Genlei, et al. “Facile synthesis of graphene nanoplate-Supported porous Pt–Cu alloys with high electrocatalytic properties for methanol oxidation.” Journal of Materials Chemistry A, vol. 4, no. 9, 2016, pp. 3316–3323., doi:10.1039/c5ta09937d.
    15. Nieto, Andy, et al. “Graphene reinforced metal and ceramic matrix composites: a review.” International Materials Reviews, vol. 62, no. 5, 2016, pp. 241–302., doi:10.1080/09506608.2016.1219481.
    16. Rashed, A.E., and A.A. El-Moneim. “Two steps synthesis approach of MnO 2 /Graphene nanoplates/Graphite composite electrode for supercapacitor application.” Materials Today Energy, vol. 3, 2017, pp. 24–31., doi:10.1016/j.mtener.2017.02.004.
    17. Dai, Shengdong, et al. “Biothiol-Mediated synthesis of Pt nanoparticles on graphene nanoplates and their application in methanol electrooxidation.” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 53, no. 1, Jan. 2017, pp. 423–434., doi:10.1007/s10853-017-1508-5.
    18. Piszczyk, Łukasz, et al. “Elastic polyurethane foams containing graphene nanoplatelets.” Advances in Polymer Technology, 2017, doi:10.1002/adv.21819.
    19. Yoo, Eunjoo, and Haoshen Zhou. “Carbon Cathodes in Rechargeable Lithium-Oxygen Batteries Based on Double-Lithium-Salt Electrolytes.” ChemSusChem, vol. 9, no. 11, 2016, pp. 1249–1254., doi:10.1002/cssc.201600177.
    20. Talati, Chetasi, and Eric Padron. “An Exercise in Extrapolation: Clinical Management of Atypical CML, MDS/MPN-Unclassifiable, and MDS/MPN-RS-T.” Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports, vol. 11, no. 6, 2016, pp. 425–433., doi:10.1007/s11899-016-0350-1.
    21. Gutić, Sanjin. “Primena materijala na bazi grafena u elektrokatalizi i skladištenju energije.” 12 Sept. 2016.
    22. Nasser, Ali, et al. “Enhancing stability of Co gradient in nano-Structured WC&Ndash;Co functionally graded composites using graphene additives.” Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan, vol. 124, no. 12, 2016, pp. 1191–1198., doi:10.2109/jcersj2.16148.
    23. Liu, Biwu, et al. “Iron oxide nanozyme catalyzed synthesis of fluorescent polydopamine for light-up Zn2 Detection.” Nanoscale, vol. 8, no. 28, 2016, pp. 13620–13626., doi:10.1039/c6nr02584f.
    24. Brcic, Haris. “Investigation of the Rheological Properties of Asphalt Binder Containing Graphene Nanoplatelets.” NTNU, 2016.
    25. Gabriel Hunter MESA. Graphene enhanced piezoelectric article of manufacture, system and method of energy generator and storage cell .
    26. Strankowski, Michał, et al. “Morphology, Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Thermoplastic Polyurethane Containing Reduced Graphene Oxide and Graphene Nanoplatelets.” Materials, vol. 11, no. 1, June 2018, p. 82., doi:10.3390/ma11010082.
    27. Köckritz, Tilo, et al. “Integration of carbon allotropes into polydimethylsiloxane to control the electrical conductivity for novel fields of application.” International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, 2017, doi:10.1016/j.ijadhadh.2017.12.001.
    28. Kumar, Pravir, et al. “Strength of Mg–3%Al alloy in presence of graphene nano-Platelets as reinforcement.” Materials Science and Technology, 2018, pp. 1–10., doi:10.1080/02670836.2018.1424380.
    29. Negro, E., et al. “Graphene-Supported Au-Ni Carbon Nitride Electrocatalysts for the ORR in Alkaline Environment.” ECS Transactions, vol. 72, no. 29, 2016, pp. 1–14., doi:10.1149/07229.0001ecst.
  • Graphene Nanoplatelets (1-5nm)

    Q&A

    Q: What are the thermal stability of Graphene Nanoplatelets at ambient pressure?

    A: GNPs will not oxide below 600 Celsius‚ and they are very stable.

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Xu, Peng, et al. “Load transfer and mechanical properties of chemically reduced graphene reinforcements in polymer composites.” Nanotechnology, vol. 23, no. 50, 2012, p. 505713., doi:10.1088/0957-4484/23/50/505713.
    2. Zhang, Xueping, et al. “Preparation and characterization of Pt nanoparticles supported on modified graphite nanoplatelet using solution blending method.” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 38, no. 21, 2013, pp. 8909–8913., doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.05.038.
    3. Xia, Gaoqiang, et al. “Highly uniform platinum nanoparticles supported on graphite nanoplatelets as a catalyst for proton exchange membrane fuel cells.” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 39, no. 28, 23 Sept. 2014, doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.08.033.
    4. Li, Xiguang, et al. “Forced assembly by multilayer coextrusion to create oriented graphene reinforced polymer nanocomposites.” Polymer, vol. 55, no. 1, 2014, pp. 248–257., doi:10.1016/j.polymer.2013.11.025.
    5. Wang, Xuebin, et al. “Three-Dimensional strutted graphene grown by substrate-Free sugar blowing for high-Power-Density supercapacitors.” Nature Communications, vol. 4, 2013, doi:10.1038/ncomms3905.
    6. Luan, Xinning, and Ying Wang. “Thermal Annealing and Graphene Modification of Exfoliated Hydrogen Titanate Nanosheets for Enhanced Lithium-Ion Intercalation Properties.” Journal of Materials Science & Technology, vol. 30, no. 9, 2014, pp. 839–846., doi:10.1016/j.jmst.2014.07.003.
    7. Yilmazoglu, O., et al. “Photocathodes based on graphene nanoplatelet emitters on semi-Insulating GaAs photoswitch.” 2014 27th International Vacuum Nanoelectronics Conference (IVNC), 2014, doi:10.1109/ivnc.2014.6894740.
    8. Swiderska-Mocek, Agnieszka, and Ewelina Rudnicka. “Lithium–sulphur battery with activated carbon cloth-Sulphur cathode and ionic liquid as electrolyte.” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 273, 2015, pp. 162–167., doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2014.09.020.
    9. Johnson, Drew W. “Characterizations of Nanofluid Heat Transfer Enhancements.” June 2013, doi:10.21236/ada590127.
    10. Wehnert, F., et al. “Design of multifunctional adhesives by the use of carbon nanoparticles.” Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, vol. 29, no. 17, 2015, pp. 1849–1859., doi:10.1080/01694243.2015.1014536.
    11. Li, Mingqi, et al. “Fabrication of graphene nanoplatelets-Supported SiO x -Disordered carbon composite and its application in lithium-Ion batteries.” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 293, 2015, pp. 976–982., doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.06.019.
    12. Zhang, Genlei, et al. “Small-Sized and highly dispersed Pt nanoparticles loading on graphite nanoplatelets as an effective catalyst for methanol oxidation.” Nanoscale, vol. 7, no. 22, 2015, pp. 10170–10177., doi:10.1039/c5nr01882j.
    13. Filippidou, M.K., et al. “A flexible strain sensor made of graphene nanoplatelets/Polydimethylsiloxane nanocomposite.” Microelectronic Engineering, vol. 142, 2015, pp. 7–11., doi:10.1016/j.mee.2015.06.007.
    14. Zhang, Genlei, et al. “Facile synthesis of graphene nanoplate-Supported porous Pt–Cu alloys with high electrocatalytic properties for methanol oxidation.” Journal of Materials Chemistry A, vol. 4, no. 9, 2016, pp. 3316–3323., doi:10.1039/c5ta09937d.
    15. Nieto, Andy, et al. “Graphene reinforced metal and ceramic matrix composites: a review.” International Materials Reviews, vol. 62, no. 5, 2016, pp. 241–302., doi:10.1080/09506608.2016.1219481.
    16. Rashed, A.E., and A.A. El-Moneim. “Two steps synthesis approach of MnO 2 /Graphene nanoplates/Graphite composite electrode for supercapacitor application.” Materials Today Energy, vol. 3, 2017, pp. 24–31., doi:10.1016/j.mtener.2017.02.004.
    17. Dai, Shengdong, et al. “Biothiol-Mediated synthesis of Pt nanoparticles on graphene nanoplates and their application in methanol electrooxidation.” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 53, no. 1, Jan. 2017, pp. 423–434., doi:10.1007/s10853-017-1508-5.
    18. Piszczyk, Łukasz, et al. “Elastic polyurethane foams containing graphene nanoplatelets.” Advances in Polymer Technology, 2017, doi:10.1002/adv.21819.
    19. Yoo, Eunjoo, and Haoshen Zhou. “Carbon Cathodes in Rechargeable Lithium-Oxygen Batteries Based on Double-Lithium-Salt Electrolytes.” ChemSusChem, vol. 9, no. 11, 2016, pp. 1249–1254., doi:10.1002/cssc.201600177.
    20. Talati, Chetasi, and Eric Padron. “An Exercise in Extrapolation: Clinical Management of Atypical CML, MDS/MPN-Unclassifiable, and MDS/MPN-RS-T.” Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports, vol. 11, no. 6, 2016, pp. 425–433., doi:10.1007/s11899-016-0350-1.
    21. Gutić, Sanjin. “Primena materijala na bazi grafena u elektrokatalizi i skladištenju energije.” 12 Sept. 2016.
    22. Nasser, Ali, et al. “Enhancing stability of Co gradient in nano-Structured WC&Ndash;Co functionally graded composites using graphene additives.” Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan, vol. 124, no. 12, 2016, pp. 1191–1198., doi:10.2109/jcersj2.16148.
    23. Liu, Biwu, et al. “Iron oxide nanozyme catalyzed synthesis of fluorescent polydopamine for light-up Zn2 Detection.” Nanoscale, vol. 8, no. 28, 2016, pp. 13620–13626., doi:10.1039/c6nr02584f.
    24. Brcic, Haris. “Investigation of the Rheological Properties of Asphalt Binder Containing Graphene Nanoplatelets.” NTNU, 2016.
    25. Gabriel Hunter MESA. Graphene enhanced piezoelectric article of manufacture, system and method of energy generator and storage cell .
    26. Strankowski, Michał, et al. “Morphology, Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Thermoplastic Polyurethane Containing Reduced Graphene Oxide and Graphene Nanoplatelets.” Materials, vol. 11, no. 1, June 2018, p. 82., doi:10.3390/ma11010082.
    27. Köckritz, Tilo, et al. “Integration of carbon allotropes into polydimethylsiloxane to control the electrical conductivity for novel fields of application.” International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, 2017, doi:10.1016/j.ijadhadh.2017.12.001.
    28. Kumar, Pravir, et al. “Strength of Mg–3%Al alloy in presence of graphene nano-Platelets as reinforcement.” Materials Science and Technology, 2018, pp. 1–10., doi:10.1080/02670836.2018.1424380.
    29. Negro, E., et al. “Graphene-Supported Au-Ni Carbon Nitride Electrocatalysts for the ORR in Alkaline Environment.” ECS Transactions, vol. 72, no. 29, 2016, pp. 1–14., doi:10.1149/07229.0001ecst.
  • Graphene Nanoplatelets (2-10nm)

    Q&A

    Q: What are the thermal stability of Graphene Nanoplatelets at ambient pressure?

    A: GNPs will not oxide below 600 Celsius‚ and they are very stable.

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Xu, Peng, et al. “Load transfer and mechanical properties of chemically reduced graphene reinforcements in polymer composites.” Nanotechnology, vol. 23, no. 50, 2012, p. 505713., doi:10.1088/0957-4484/23/50/505713.
    2. Zhang, Xueping, et al. “Preparation and characterization of Pt nanoparticles supported on modified graphite nanoplatelet using solution blending method.” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 38, no. 21, 2013, pp. 8909–8913., doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.05.038.
    3. Xia, Gaoqiang, et al. “Highly uniform platinum nanoparticles supported on graphite nanoplatelets as a catalyst for proton exchange membrane fuel cells.” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 39, no. 28, 23 Sept. 2014, doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.08.033.
    4. Li, Xiguang, et al. “Forced assembly by multilayer coextrusion to create oriented graphene reinforced polymer nanocomposites.” Polymer, vol. 55, no. 1, 2014, pp. 248–257., doi:10.1016/j.polymer.2013.11.025.
    5. Wang, Xuebin, et al. “Three-Dimensional strutted graphene grown by substrate-Free sugar blowing for high-Power-Density supercapacitors.” Nature Communications, vol. 4, 2013, doi:10.1038/ncomms3905.
    6. Luan, Xinning, and Ying Wang. “Thermal Annealing and Graphene Modification of Exfoliated Hydrogen Titanate Nanosheets for Enhanced Lithium-Ion Intercalation Properties.” Journal of Materials Science & Technology, vol. 30, no. 9, 2014, pp. 839–846., doi:10.1016/j.jmst.2014.07.003.
    7. Yilmazoglu, O., et al. “Photocathodes based on graphene nanoplatelet emitters on semi-Insulating GaAs photoswitch.” 2014 27th International Vacuum Nanoelectronics Conference (IVNC), 2014, doi:10.1109/ivnc.2014.6894740.
    8. Swiderska-Mocek, Agnieszka, and Ewelina Rudnicka. “Lithium–sulphur battery with activated carbon cloth-Sulphur cathode and ionic liquid as electrolyte.” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 273, 2015, pp. 162–167., doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2014.09.020.
    9. Johnson, Drew W. “Characterizations of Nanofluid Heat Transfer Enhancements.” June 2013, doi:10.21236/ada590127.
    10. Wehnert, F., et al. “Design of multifunctional adhesives by the use of carbon nanoparticles.” Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, vol. 29, no. 17, 2015, pp. 1849–1859., doi:10.1080/01694243.2015.1014536.
    11. Li, Mingqi, et al. “Fabrication of graphene nanoplatelets-Supported SiO x -Disordered carbon composite and its application in lithium-Ion batteries.” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 293, 2015, pp. 976–982., doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.06.019.
    12. Zhang, Genlei, et al. “Small-Sized and highly dispersed Pt nanoparticles loading on graphite nanoplatelets as an effective catalyst for methanol oxidation.” Nanoscale, vol. 7, no. 22, 2015, pp. 10170–10177., doi:10.1039/c5nr01882j.
    13. Filippidou, M.K., et al. “A flexible strain sensor made of graphene nanoplatelets/Polydimethylsiloxane nanocomposite.” Microelectronic Engineering, vol. 142, 2015, pp. 7–11., doi:10.1016/j.mee.2015.06.007.
    14. Zhang, Genlei, et al. “Facile synthesis of graphene nanoplate-Supported porous Pt–Cu alloys with high electrocatalytic properties for methanol oxidation.” Journal of Materials Chemistry A, vol. 4, no. 9, 2016, pp. 3316–3323., doi:10.1039/c5ta09937d.
    15. Nieto, Andy, et al. “Graphene reinforced metal and ceramic matrix composites: a review.” International Materials Reviews, vol. 62, no. 5, 2016, pp. 241–302., doi:10.1080/09506608.2016.1219481.
    16. Rashed, A.E., and A.A. El-Moneim. “Two steps synthesis approach of MnO 2 /Graphene nanoplates/Graphite composite electrode for supercapacitor application.” Materials Today Energy, vol. 3, 2017, pp. 24–31., doi:10.1016/j.mtener.2017.02.004.
    17. Dai, Shengdong, et al. “Biothiol-Mediated synthesis of Pt nanoparticles on graphene nanoplates and their application in methanol electrooxidation.” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 53, no. 1, Jan. 2017, pp. 423–434., doi:10.1007/s10853-017-1508-5.
    18. Piszczyk, Łukasz, et al. “Elastic polyurethane foams containing graphene nanoplatelets.” Advances in Polymer Technology, 2017, doi:10.1002/adv.21819.
    19. Yoo, Eunjoo, and Haoshen Zhou. “Carbon Cathodes in Rechargeable Lithium-Oxygen Batteries Based on Double-Lithium-Salt Electrolytes.” ChemSusChem, vol. 9, no. 11, 2016, pp. 1249–1254., doi:10.1002/cssc.201600177.
    20. Talati, Chetasi, and Eric Padron. “An Exercise in Extrapolation: Clinical Management of Atypical CML, MDS/MPN-Unclassifiable, and MDS/MPN-RS-T.” Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports, vol. 11, no. 6, 2016, pp. 425–433., doi:10.1007/s11899-016-0350-1.
    21. Gutić, Sanjin. “Primena materijala na bazi grafena u elektrokatalizi i skladištenju energije.” 12 Sept. 2016.
    22. Nasser, Ali, et al. “Enhancing stability of Co gradient in nano-Structured WC&Ndash;Co functionally graded composites using graphene additives.” Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan, vol. 124, no. 12, 2016, pp. 1191–1198., doi:10.2109/jcersj2.16148.
    23. Liu, Biwu, et al. “Iron oxide nanozyme catalyzed synthesis of fluorescent polydopamine for light-up Zn2 Detection.” Nanoscale, vol. 8, no. 28, 2016, pp. 13620–13626., doi:10.1039/c6nr02584f.
    24. Brcic, Haris. “Investigation of the Rheological Properties of Asphalt Binder Containing Graphene Nanoplatelets.” NTNU, 2016.
    25. Gabriel Hunter MESA. Graphene enhanced piezoelectric article of manufacture, system and method of energy generator and storage cell .
    26. Strankowski, Michał, et al. “Morphology, Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Thermoplastic Polyurethane Containing Reduced Graphene Oxide and Graphene Nanoplatelets.” Materials, vol. 11, no. 1, June 2018, p. 82., doi:10.3390/ma11010082.
    27. Köckritz, Tilo, et al. “Integration of carbon allotropes into polydimethylsiloxane to control the electrical conductivity for novel fields of application.” International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, 2017, doi:10.1016/j.ijadhadh.2017.12.001.
    28. Kumar, Pravir, et al. “Strength of Mg–3%Al alloy in presence of graphene nano-Platelets as reinforcement.” Materials Science and Technology, 2018, pp. 1–10., doi:10.1080/02670836.2018.1424380.
    29. Negro, E., et al. “Graphene-Supported Au-Ni Carbon Nitride Electrocatalysts for the ORR in Alkaline Environment.” ECS Transactions, vol. 72, no. 29, 2016, pp. 1–14., doi:10.1149/07229.0001ecst.
    30. El-Kady, Omayma, Hossam M. Yehia, and F. Nouh. "Preparation and characterization of Cu/(WC-TiC-Co)/graphene nano-composites as a suitable material for heat sink by powder metallurgy method." International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials 79 (2019): 108-114.
    31. Ranjan, Rachit, Nirmal Kumar Singh, Anand Prakash Jaiswal, and Vivek Bajpai. "Metal matrix nano composites using graphene nano platelets indented on copper particles in aluminium matrix." Indent 60 (2018): 600rpm.
    32. Tapasztó, Orsolya, Viktor Puchy, Zsolt E. Horváth, Zsolt Fogarassy, Eszter Bódis, Zoltán Károly, Katalin Balázsi, Jan Dusza, and Levente Tapasztó. "The effect of graphene nanoplatelet thickness on the fracture toughness of Si3N4 composites." Ceramics International (2018).
    33. Lazarević-Pašti, Tamara, Vladan Anićijević, Miloš Baljozović, Dragana Vasić Anićijević, Sanjin Gutić, Vesna Vasić, Natalia V. Skorodumova, and Igor A. Pašti. "The impact of the structure of graphene-based materials on the removal of organophosphorus pesticides from water." Environmental Science: Nano (2018).
    34. Butmee, Preeyanut, Gamolwan Tumcharern, Pranorm Saejueng, Dalibor Stankovic, Astrid Ortner, Juthamas Jitcharoen, Kurt Kalcher, and Anchalee Samphao. "A direct and sensitive electrochemical sensing platform based on ionic liquid functionalized graphene nanoplatelets for the detection of bisphenol A." Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry 833 (2019): 370-379.
    35. Karimi, Samira, Ismaeil Ghasemi, and Foroud Abbassi-Sourki. "A study on the crystallization kinetics of PLLA in the presence of Graphene Oxide and PEG-grafted-Graphene Oxide: Effects on the nucleation and chain mobility." Composites Part B: Engineering 158 (2019): 302-310.
    36. Boonkaew, Suchanat, Sudkate Chaiyo, Sakda Jampasa, Sirirat Rengpipat, Weena Siangproh, and Orawon Chailapakul. "An origami paper-based electrochemical immunoassay for the C-reactive protein using a screen-printed carbon electrode modified with graphene and gold nanoparticles." Microchimica Acta 186, no. 3 (2019): 153.
    37. Konecka, Kinga, Mariola Brycht, Andrzej Leniart, and Sławomira Skrzypek. "Development and first application of the edge plane pyrolytic graphite electrode modified with graphene nanoplatelets for highly sensitive voltammetric determination of oxolinic acid." Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry 826 (2018): 76-83.
    38. Yehia, Hossam M., F. Nouh, and Omayma El-Kady. "Effect of graphene nano-sheets content and sintering time on the microstructure, coefficient of thermal expansion, and mechanical properties of (Cu/WC–TiC-Co) nano-composites." Journal of Alloys and Compounds 764 (2018): 36-43.
    39. Sun, Yanyan, Ilya Sinev, Wen Ju, Arno Bergmann, Sören Dresp, Stefanie Kühl, Camillo Spöri et al. "Efficient electrochemical hydrogen peroxide production from molecular oxygen on nitrogen-doped mesoporous carbon catalysts." ACS Catalysis 8, no. 4 (2018): 2844-2856.
    40. Piszczyk, Łukasz, Paulina Kosmela, and Michał Strankowski. "Elastic polyurethane foams containing graphene nanoplatelets." Advances in Polymer Technology 37, no. 6 (2018): 1625-1634.
    41. Alam, Fahad, M. Choosri, Tejendra K. Gupta, K. M. Varadarajan, D. Choi, and S. Kumar. "Electrical, mechanical and thermal properties of graphene nanoplatelets reinforced UHMWPE nanocomposites." Materials Science and Engineering: B 241 (2019): 82-91.
    42. Ranjan, Rachit, Nirmal Kumar Singh, Anand Prakash Jaiswal, and Vivek Bajpai. "Metal matrix nano composites using graphene nano platelets indented on copper particles in aluminium matrix." Indent 60 (2018): 600rpm.
    43. Gupta, Tejendra K., M. Choosri, K. M. Varadarajan, and S. Kumar. "Self-sensing and mechanical performance of CNT/GNP/UHMWPE biocompatible nanocomposites." Journal of materials science 53, no. 11 (2018): 7939-7952.
    44. Anas, Muhammad, Muhammad Ali Nasir, Zeeshan Asfar, Saad Nauman, Mehmet Akalin, and Faiz Ahmad. "Structural health monitoring of GFRP laminates using graphene-based smart strain gauges." Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering 40, no. 8 (2018): 397.
    45. Negro, Enrico, Antoine Bach Delpeuch, Keti Vezzu, Graeme Nawn, Federico Bertasi, Alberto Ansaldo, Vittorio Pellegrini et al. "Toward Pt-free anion-exchange membrane fuel cells: Fe–Sn carbon nitride–graphene core–shell electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction." Chemistry of Materials 30, no. 8 (2018): 2651-2659.
    46. Strankowski, Michał. "Effect of Variation of Hard Segment Content and Graphene-Based Nanofiller Concentration on Morphological, Thermal, and Mechanical Properties of Polyurethane Nanocomposites." International Journal of Polymer Science 2018 (2018).
  • Graphene on Ultra-flat Thermal SiO2 Substrate

    FAQ

    1. Can the Graphene Oxide on Ultra-flat Thermal SiO2 Substrate used for AFM studies? 

    Yes, our Ultra-flat Graphene and Graphene Oxide products were designed for AFM studies and we have many customers using them for such applications. 

  • Graphene Oxide (GO) TEM Support Films

    FAQ

    1. Can this product be used for AFM studies? 

    Yes, our Ultra-flat Graphene and Graphene Oxide products were designed for AFM studies and we have many customers using them for such applications. 

  • Graphene Oxide (S Method)

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Nieto, Andy, et al. “Graphene reinforced metal and ceramic matrix composites: a review.” International Materials Reviews, vol. 62, no. 5, 2016, pp. 241–302., doi:10.1080/09506608.2016.1219481.
    2. Gutić, Sanjin J., et al. “Improved catalysts for hydrogen evolution reaction in alkaline solutions through the electrochemical formation of nickel-Reduced graphene oxide interface.” Physical Chemistry, vol. 19, no. 20, 2017, pp. 13281–13293., doi:10.1039/c7cp01237c.
    3. Gutić, S.j., et al. “Simple routes for the improvement of hydrogen evolution activity of Ni-Mo catalysts: From sol-Gel derived powder catalysts to graphene supported co-Electrodeposits.” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2017, doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.11.131.
    4. Wang, Mei, et al. “Concurrent aggregation and transport of graphene oxide in saturated porous media: Roles of temperature, cation type, and electrolyte concentration.” Environmental Pollution, vol. 235, 2018, pp. 350–357., doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2017.12.063.
    5. Palmieri, Alessandro, Neil Spinner, Shuai Zhao, and William E. Mustain. "Explaining the role and mechanism of carbon matrices in enhancing reaction reversibility of metal oxide anodes for high performance Li ion batteries." carbon 130 (2018): 515-524.

  • Graphene Oxide Film-Super Paper

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Nieto, Andy, et al. “Graphene reinforced metal and ceramic matrix composites: a review.” International Materials Reviews, vol. 62, no. 5, 2016, pp. 241–302., doi:10.1080/09506608.2016.1219481.
  • Graphite Fluoride (Carbon Monofluoride)

    Research Citations of ACS Material Product

    1. Lewandowski, Andrzej, and Paweł Jakobczyk. “Kinetics of Na|CF x and Li|CF x systems.” Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, vol. 20, no. 12, 2016, pp. 3367–3373., doi:10.1007/s10008-016-3305-5.
    2. Nieto, Andy, et al. “Graphene reinforced metal and ceramic matrix composites: a review.” International Materials Reviews, vol. 62, no. 5, 2016, pp. 241–302., doi:10.1080/09506608.2016.1219481.
    3. Siyal, Muhammad Irfan, and Jong-Oh Kim. "Fluorographite-co-polydimethylsiloxane coated polyvinylidene-fluoride membrane for desalination of highly saline water with humic acid in direct contact membrane distillation." Environmental research 167 (2018): 255-266.
  • Graphite Oxide

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. You, Shujie, et al. “Effect of synthesis method on solvation and exfoliation of graphite oxide.” Carbon, vol. 52, 2013, pp. 171–180., doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2012.09.018.
    2. You, Shujie, et al. “Enormous Lattice Expansion of Hummers Graphite Oxide in Alcohols at Low Temperatures.” ACS Nano, vol. 7, no. 2, 2013, pp. 1395–1399., doi:10.1021/nn3051105.
    3. Talyzin, Alexandr V., et al. “The structure of graphene oxide membranes in liquid water, ethanol and water–ethanol mixtures.” Nanoscale, vol. 6, no. 1, 2014, pp. 272–281., doi:10.1039/c3nr04631a.
    4. Farjami, Elaheh, et al. “Evidence for oxygen reduction reaction activity of a Ni(OH)2/Graphene oxide catalyst.” Journal of Materials Chemistry A, vol. 1, no. 48, 2013, p. 15501., doi:10.1039/c3ta13351f.
    5. Vorobiev, Alexei, et al. “Graphene oxide hydration and solvation: an in situ neutron reflectivity study.” Nanoscale, vol. 6, no. 20, 2014, pp. 12151–12156., doi:10.1039/c4nr03621b.
    6. Klechikov, Alexey G., et al. “Hydrogen storage in bulk graphene-Related materials.” Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, vol. 210, 2015, pp. 46–51., doi:10.1016/j.micromeso.2015.02.017.
    7. Korobov, Mikhail V., et al. “Sorption of polar organic solvents and water by graphite oxide: Thermodynamic approach.” Carbon, vol. 102, 2016, pp. 297–303., doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2016.02.070.
    8. Alhumade, Hesham, et al. “Corrosion inhibition of copper in sodium chloride solution using polyetherimide/Graphene composites.” The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, vol. 94, no. 5, 2016, pp. 896–904., doi:10.1002/cjce.22439.
    9. Hong, Xinghua, et al. “Graphite oxide paper as a polarizable electrical conductor in the through-Thickness direction.” Carbon, vol. 109, 2016, pp. 874–882., doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2016.08.083.
    10. Nieto, Andy, et al. “Graphene reinforced metal and ceramic matrix composites: a review.” International Materials Reviews, vol. 62, no. 5, 2016, pp. 241–302., doi:10.1080/09506608.2016.1219481.
    11. Yazdi, Alireza Ahmadian, and Jie Xu. “Nitrogen-Doped graphene approach to enhance the performance of a membraneless enzymatic biofuel cell.” Frontiers in Energy, 2018, doi:10.1007/s11708-018-0529-3.
    12. Rasmi, K. R., et al. “Synthesis and Characterization of Exfoliated Graphene- and Graphene Oxide-Based Composites.” Graphene and Its Fascinating Attributes, 2011, pp. 33–43., doi:10.1142/9789814329361_0002.
    13. Chakraborty, Souvik, et al. “Interfacial interaction and the fracture toughness (KIC) trends in epoxy nanocomposites filled with functionalized graphene-Based fillers.” Polymer Composites, 2017, doi:10.1002/pc.24675. 
    14. Yuan, Guohao, et al. “Interconnected ruthenium dioxide nanoparticles anchored on graphite oxide: Highly efficient candidate for solvent-Free oxidative synthesis of imines.” Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, vol. 46, 2017, pp. 279–288., doi:10.1016/j.jiec.2016.10.040.
    15. Talyzin, Alexandr V., et al. “Brodie vs Hummers graphite oxides for preparation of multi-Layered materials.” Carbon, vol. 115, 2017, pp. 430–440., doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2016.12.097.
    16. He, Yibo, Songyan Bai, Zhi Chang, Qi Li, Yu Qiao, and Haoshen Zhou. "Porous hybrid aerogels with ultrahigh sulfur loading for lithium–sulfur batteries." Journal of Materials Chemistry A 6, no. 19 (2018): 9032-9040.
  • Green Graphene Quantum Dots

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Li, Changzheng, and Yanan Yue. “Fluorescence spectroscopy of graphene quantum dots: temperature effect at different excitation wavelengths.” Nanotechnology, vol. 25, no. 43, Sept. 2014, p. 435703., doi:10.1088/0957-4484/25/43/435703.
    2. Bhatnagar, Deepika, et al. “Graphene quantum dots FRET based sensor for early detection of heart attack in human.” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 79, 2016, pp. 495–499., doi:10.1016/j.bios.2015.12.083.
    3. Liu, Yang, et al. “Electro-Optical switching of liquid crystals sandwiched between ion-Beam-Spurted graphene quantum dots-Doped PEDOT:PSS composite layers.” Optics Express, vol. 23, no. 26, 2015, p. 34071., doi:10.1364/oe.23.034071.
    4. Bhatnagar, Deepika, et al. “Ultrasensitive cardiac troponin I antibody based nanohybrid sensor for rapid detection of human heart attack.” International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, vol. 95, 2017, pp. 505–510., doi:10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2016.11.037.
    5. Nieto, Andy, et al. “Graphene reinforced metal and ceramic matrix composites: a review.” International Materials Reviews, vol. 62, no. 5, 2016, pp. 241–302., doi:10.1080/09506608.2016.1219481.
    6. Bok, Chang Han, et al. “Operating mechanisms of highly-Reproducible write-Once-Read-Many-Times memory devices based on graphene quantum dot:Poly(Methyl silsesquioxane) nanocomposites.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 110, no. 1, Apr. 2017, p. 013301., doi:10.1063/1.4973358.
    7. Kim, Do Hyeong, et al. “Highly-Reproducible nonvolatile memristive devices based on polyvinylpyrrolidone: Graphene quantum-Dot nanocomposites.” Organic Electronics, vol. 51, 2017, pp. 156–161., doi:10.1016/j.orgel.2017.09.005.
    8. Gupta, Shagun, et al. “Ultrasensitive transglutaminase based nanosensor for early detection of celiac disease in human.” International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, vol. 105, 2017, pp. 905–911., doi:10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2017.07.126.
    9. Ooi, Poh Choon, et al. “Reduced graphene oxide preparation and its applications in solution-Processed write-Once-Read-Many-Times graphene-Based memory device.” Carbon, vol. 124, 2017, pp. 547–554., doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2017.09.004.
    10. Choi, Hwan Young, et al. “Organic electronic synapses with pinched hystereses based on graphene quantum-Dot nanocomposites.” NPG Asia Materials, vol. 9, no. 7, 2017, doi:10.1038/am.2017.133.
    11. Ooi, Poh Choon, et al. “Fabrication of transparent bistable switching memory device using plasmapolymerized hexamethyldisiloxane layers with embedded graphene quantum dots.” Thin Solid Films, vol. 645, 2018, pp. 45–50., doi:10.1016/j.tsf.2017.10.044.
    12. Wang, Changhong, et al. “Computing: Memristive Devices with Highly Repeatable Analog States Boosted by Graphene Quantum Dots.” Small, vol. 13, no. 20, 2017, doi:10.1002/smll.201770110.
    13. Bakar, Elyani Abu, Mohd Ambri Mohamed, Poh Choon Ooi, MF Mohd Razip Wee, Chang Fu Dee, and Burhanuddin Yeop Majlis. "Fabrication of indium-tin-oxide free, all-solution-processed flexible nanogenerator device using nanocomposite of barium titanate and graphene quantum dots in polyvinylidene fluoride polymer matrix." Organic Electronics 61 (2018): 289-295.
    14. Ooi, Poh Choon, MF Mohd Razip Wee, Chang Fu Dee, Chi Chin Yap, Muhammad Mat Salleh, and Burhanuddin Yeop Majlis. "Fabrication of transparent bistable switching memory device using plasmapolymerized hexamethyldisiloxane layers with embedded graphene quantum dots." Thin Solid Films 645 (2018): 45-50.
    15. Sung, Sihyun, Chaoxing Wu, Hyun Soo Jung, and Tae Whan Kim. "Highly-stable write-once-read-many-times switching behaviors of 1D–1R memristive devices based on graphene quantum dot nanocomposites." Scientific reports 8, no. 1 (2018): 12081.
  • Hexagonal Boron Nitride (h-BN) on Si/SiO2

    FAQ

    1. Do the sizes refer to the wafer or h-BN coverage or both? 

    Both. The wafers for this material come in 4, 6 or 8 inch diameter rounds and the h-BN covers 100% of each wafer on one side. 

  • High Surface Area Graphene Oxide

    FAQ

    How do I disperse single layer Graphene Oxide into a suitable carrier?

    For dispersion in water
    1) Use distilled or deionized water
    2) Add graphene powder
    3) Use sonication power of 200W for about 2 hours

    For dispersion in ethanol
    1) Use pure ethanol
    2) Add graphene powder
    3) Use sonication power of 200W for about 4 hours

    Is Graphene Oxide fully oxidized? What is the C:O ratio?

    Graphene Oxide (GO) is produced by the classic modified Hummer’s method‚ which yields an oxidization level of ≥95%.  Regarding the C:O ratio‚ there is some variance inherent in the manufacturing process but the figures below give you an approximation of what to expect:

    Sample                 N (wt %)        C (wt %)      O (wt %)     C/O at. ratio
    Graphene Oxide          0                51.26           40.78             1.67

    NOTE: This graphene oxide with high surface area is easier to be oxidized than the normal graphene oxide‚ and it should be kept out of the sun.

     

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Mukherjee, Rahul, et al. “Photothermally Reduced Graphene as High-Power Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries.” ACS Nano, vol. 6, no. 9, 2012, pp. 7867–7878., doi:10.1021/nn303145j.
    2. Chow, Philippe K., et al. “Mechanical Property Enhancement of Layered Reduced Graphene Oxide Papers by Non-Covalent Modification with Terephthalic Acid.” Particle & Particle Systems Characterization, vol. 31, no. 3, 2013, pp. 337–341., doi:10.1002/ppsc.201300206.
    3. Feng, Xuefei, et al. “Understanding the degradation mechanism of rechargeable lithium/Sulfur cells: a comprehensive study of the sulfur–graphene oxide cathode after discharge–charge cycling.” Phys. Chem., vol. 16, no. 32, 2014, pp. 16931–16940., doi:10.1039/c4cp01341g.
    4. Cui, Shumao, et al. “Ultrasensitive Chemical Sensing through Facile Tuning Defects and Functional Groups in Reduced Graphene Oxide.” Analytical Chemistry, vol. 86, no. 15, Nov. 2014, pp. 7516–7522., doi:10.1021/ac501274z.
    5. Mukherjee, Rahul, et al. “Defect-Induced plating of lithium metal within porous graphene networks.” Nature Communications, vol. 5, 2014, doi:10.1038/ncomms4710.
    6. Lammel, Tobias, et al. “Internalization and cytotoxicity of graphene oxide and carboxyl graphene nanoplatelets in the human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line Hep G2.” Particle and Fibre Toxicology, vol. 10, no. 1, 2013, p. 27., doi:10.1186/1743-8977-10-27.
    7. Cheng, Jianli, et al. “Self-Assembled V2O5 nanosheets/Reduced graphene oxide hierarchical nanocomposite as a high-Performance cathode material for lithium ion batteries.” Journal of Materials Chemistry A, vol. 1, no. 36, 2013, p. 10814., doi:10.1039/c3ta12066j.
    8. Li, Shanghao, et al. “Interaction between Graphene Oxide and Pluronic F127 at the Air–Water Interface.” Langmuir, vol. 29, no. 19, Feb. 2013, pp. 5742–5748., doi:10.1021/la401056t.
    9. Othman, Abdelhameed M., et al. “Enhancing selectivity in spectrofluorimetric determination of tryptophan by using graphene oxide nanosheets.” Analytica Chimica Acta, vol. 787, 2013, pp. 226–232., doi:10.1016/j.aca.2013.05.036.
    10. Zhang, Xu, et al. “Effects of Polyethylene Glycol on DNA Adsorption and Hybridization on Gold Nanoparticles and Graphene Oxide.” Langmuir, vol. 28, no. 40, 2012, pp. 14330–14337., doi:10.1021/la302799s.
    11. Li, Shanghao, et al. “Graphene Oxide as a Quencher for Fluorescent Assay of Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins.” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol. 4, no. 12, Mar. 2012, pp. 7069–7075., doi:10.1021/am302704a.
    12. Ip, Alexander C.-F., et al. “Oxidation Level-Dependent Zwitterionic Liposome Adsorption and Rupture by Graphene-Based Materials and Light-Induced Content Release.” Small, vol. 9, no. 7, 2012, pp. 1030–1035., doi:10.1002/smll.201202710.
    13. Chang, Jingbo, et al. “Ultrasonic-Assisted self-Assembly of monolayer graphene oxide for rapid detection of Escherichia coli bacteria.” Nanoscale, vol. 5, no. 9, 2013, p. 3620., doi:10.1039/c3nr00141e.
    14. Liu, Lin, et al. “Deposition and transport of graphene oxide in saturated and unsaturated porous media.” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 229, 1 Aug. 2013, pp. 444–449., doi:10.1016/j.cej.2013.06.030.
    15. Li, Shanghao, et al. “Head Groups of Lipids Govern the Interaction and Orientation between Graphene Oxide and Lipids.” The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 117, no. 31, 2013, pp. 16150–16158., doi:10.1021/jp405991q.
    16. Tran, H. V., et al. “Antibodies Directed to RNA/DNA Hybrids: An Electrochemical Immunosensor for MicroRNAs Detection using Graphene-Composite Electrodes.” Analytical Chemistry, vol. 85, no. 17, 2013, pp. 8469–8474., doi:10.1021/ac402154z.
    17. Liu, Biwu, et al. “Mechanisms of DNA Sensing on Graphene Oxide.” Analytical Chemistry, vol. 85, no. 16, June 2013, pp. 7987–7993., doi:10.1021/ac401845p.
    18. Luan, Xinning, et al. “Electrophoretic deposition of reduced graphene oxide nanosheets on TiO2 nanotube arrays for dye-Sensitized solar cells.” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 111, 2013, pp. 216–222., doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2013.08.016.
    19. Zhang, Ming, et al. “Synthesis of a multifunctional graphene–carbon nanotube aerogel and its strong adsorption of lead from aqueous solution.” RSC Advances, vol. 3, no. 43, 2013, p. 21099., doi:10.1039/c3ra44340j.
    20. Wu, Lei, et al. “Aggregation Kinetics of Graphene Oxides in Aqueous Solutions: Experiments, Mechanisms, and Modeling.” Langmuir, vol. 29, no. 49, Mar. 2013, pp. 15174–15181., doi:10.1021/la404134x.
    21. Wang, Feng, and Juewen Liu. “Nanodiamond decorated liposomes as highly biocompatible delivery vehicles and a comparison with carbon nanotubes and graphene oxide.” Nanoscale, vol. 5, no. 24, 2013, p. 12375., doi:10.1039/c3nr04143c.
    22. Zhang, Ming, et al. “Simple approach for large-Scale production of reduced graphene oxide films.” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 243, 2014, pp. 340–346., doi:10.1016/j.cej.2014.01.019.
    23. Frechette, M. F., et al. “Preparation and dielectric responses of solid epoxy composites containing a mixture of epoxy powder ball-Milled with GO.” 2013 Annual Report Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, 2013, doi:10.1109/ceidp.2013.6748335.
    24. Chaturvedi, P. et al. “A nanoceria–platinum–graphene nanocomposite for electrochemical biosensing.” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 58, 15 Aug. 2014, doi:10.1016/j.bios.2014.02.021.
    25. Lammel, Tobias, and José M. Navas. “Graphene nanoplatelets spontaneously translocate into the cytosol and physically interact with cellular organelles in the fish cell line PLHC-1.” Aquatic Toxicology, vol. 150, 2014, pp. 55–65., doi:10.1016/j.aquatox.2014.02.016.
    26. Souza, Camille De, et al. “Electrocatalytic miRNA Detection Using Cobalt Porphyrin-Modified Reduced Graphene Oxide.” Sensors, vol. 14, no. 6, June 2014, pp. 9984–9994., doi:10.3390/s140609984.
    27. Lammel, Tobias, et al. “Potentiating effect of graphene nanomaterials on aromatic environmental pollutant-Induced cytochrome P450 1A expression in the topminnow fish hepatoma cell line PLHC-1.” Environmental Toxicology, vol. 30, no. 10, May 2014, pp. 1192–1204., doi:10.1002/tox.21991.
    28. Tran, H.V., et al. “An electrochemical ELISA-like immunosensor for miRNAs detection based on screen-Printed gold electrodes modified with reduced graphene oxide and carbon nanotubes.” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 62, 2014, pp. 25–30., doi:10.1016/j.bios.2014.06.014.
    29. Wang, Feng, and Juewen Liu. “Platinated DNA oligonucleotides: new probes forming ultrastable conjugates with graphene oxide.” Nanoscale, vol. 6, no. 12, 2014, p. 7079., doi:10.1039/c4nr00867g.
    30. Chen, Hao, et al. “Removal of sulfamethoxazole and ciprofloxacin from aqueous solutions by graphene oxide.” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 282, 2015, pp. 201–207., doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2014.03.063.
    31. Zhang, Ming, et al. “Slow-Release fertilizer encapsulated by graphene oxide films.” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 255, 2014, pp. 107–113., doi:10.1016/j.cej.2014.06.023.
    32. He, Guang, et al. “Stable Cycling of a Scalable Graphene-Encapsulated Nanocomposite for Lithium–Sulfur Batteries.” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol. 6, no. 14, May 2014, pp. 10917–10923., doi:10.1021/am500632b.
    33. Li, Shanghao, et al. “Strong and Selective Adsorption of Lysozyme on Graphene Oxide.” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol. 6, no. 8, Aug. 2014, pp. 5704–5712., doi:10.1021/am500254e.
    34. Vanegas, D. C., et al. “Xanthine oxidase biosensor for monitoring meat spoilage.” Smart Biomedical and Physiological Sensor Technology XI, 2014, doi:10.1117/12.2050489.
    35. Nguyen, Le Huy, et al. “Functionalization of reduced graphene oxide by electroactive polymer for biosensing applications.” Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, vol. 5, no. 3, Sept. 2014, p. 035005., doi:10.1088/2043-6262/5/3/035005.
    36. Li, Shanghao. “Analysis of the Interactions between Graphene Oxide and Biomolecules and Protein Fibrillation Using Surface Chemistry and Spectroscopy.” University of Miami Scholarly Repository.
    37. Ding, Zhuhong, et al. “Filtration and transport of heavy metals in graphene oxide enabled sand columns.” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 257, 2014, pp. 248–252., doi:10.1016/j.cej.2014.07.034.
    38. Sims, Christopher M., et al. “CO tolerance of Pt and PtSn intermetallic electrocatalysts on synthetically modified reduced graphene oxide supports.” Dalton Transactions, vol. 44, no. 3, 2015, pp. 977–987., doi:10.1039/c4dt02544j.
    39. Sun, Yuanyuan, et al. “Transport, retention, and size perturbation of graphene oxide in saturated porous media: Effects of input concentration and grain size.” Water Research, vol. 68, 2015, pp. 24–33., doi:10.1016/j.watres.2014.09.025.
    40. Feng, Xuefei, et al. “Understanding the degradation mechanism of rechargeable lithium/Sulfur cells: a comprehensive study of the sulfur–graphene oxide cathode after discharge–charge cycling.” Phys. Chem., vol. 16, no. 32, 2014, pp. 16931–16940., doi:10.1039/c4cp01341g.
    41. Luan, Xinning, et al. “Enhanced photocatalytic activity of graphene oxide/Titania nanosheets composites for methylene blue degradation.” Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, vol. 30, 2015, pp. 592–598., doi:10.1016/j.mssp.2014.10.032.
    42. Burrs, S. L. “A comparative study of graphene–hydrogel hybrid bionanocomposites for biosensing.” Analyst, no. 5, 24 Dec. 2014, doi:10.1039/C4AN01788A.
    43. Tangorra, Rocco Roberto, et al. “Photoactive film by covalent immobilization of a bacterial photosynthetic protein on reduced graphene oxide surface.” MRS Proceedings, vol. 1717, 2015, doi:10.1557/opl.2015.18.
    44. Huang, Taizhong, et al. “A high-Performance catalyst support for methanol oxidation with graphene and vanadium carbonitride.” Nanoscale, vol. 7, no. 4, 2015, pp. 1301–1307., doi:10.1039/c4nr05244g.
    45. Chen, Hang, and Tobin Filleter. “Effect of structure on the tribology of ultrathin graphene and graphene oxide films.” Nanotechnology, vol. 26, no. 13.
    46. Huynh, Vien T., et al. “Polymer coating of graphene oxide via reversible addition-Fragmentation chain transfer mediated emulsion polymerization.” Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, vol. 53, no. 12, 2015, pp. 1413–1421., doi:10.1002/pola.27596.
    47. Cui, Shumao, et al. “Stabilizing MoS2Nanosheets through SnO2Nanocrystal Decoration for High-Performance Gas Sensing in Air.” Small, vol. 11, no. 19, 2015, pp. 2305–2313., doi:10.1002/smll.201402923.
    48. Gao, Xianfeng, et al. “A Multilayered Silicon-Reduced Graphene Oxide Electrode for High Performance Lithium-Ion Batteries.” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol. 7, no. 15, 2015, pp. 7855–7862., doi:10.1021/acsami.5b01230.
    49. Huang, Po-Jung Jimmy, et al. “Inhibiting the VIM-2 Metallo-β-Lactamase by Graphene Oxide and Carbon Nanotubes.” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol. 7, no. 18, 2015, pp. 9898–9903., doi:10.1021/acsami.5b01954.
    50. Zhao, Yingcan, and Chad T. Jafvert. “Environmental photochemistry of single layered graphene oxide in water.” Environmental Science: Nano, vol. 2, no. 2, 2015, pp. 136–142., doi:10.1039/c4en00209a.
    51. Liang, Xiao, et al. “A highly efficient polysulfide mediator for lithium–sulfur batteries.” Nature Communications, vol. 6, June 2015, p. 5682., doi:10.1038/ncomms6682.
    52. Vanegas, D. C., et al. “Rapid detection of listeria spp. using an internalin A aptasensor based on carbon-Metal nanohybrid structures.” Smart Biomedical and Physiological Sensor Technology XII, 2015, doi:10.1117/12.2177441.
    53. Vanegas, Diana C., et al. “A self-Referencing biosensor for real-Time monitoring of physiological ATP transport in plant systems.” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 74, 2015, pp. 37–44., doi:10.1016/j.bios.2015.05.027.
    54. Huang, Po-Jung Jimmy, et al. “Hg2 detection using a phosphorothioate RNA probe adsorbed on graphene oxide and a comparison with thymine-Rich DNA.” The Analyst, vol. 141, no. 12, 2016, pp. 3788–3793., doi:10.1039/c5an02031j.
    55. El-Amin, Ayman A., and Abdelhameed M. Othman. “Novel GO-LaSmO2 Nanocomposite as an Effective Electrode Material for Hydrogen Fuel Cells.” Jom, vol. 68, no. 4, Aug. 2015, pp. 1209–1215., doi:10.1007/s11837-015-1741-9.
    56. Song, Min-Kyu, et al. “Effects of cell construction parameters on the performance of lithium/Sulfur cells.” AIChE Journal, vol. 61, no. 9, July 2015, pp. 2749–2756., doi:10.1002/aic.14947.
    57. Dong, Shunan, et al. “Graphene oxide as filter media to remove levofloxacin and lead from aqueous solution.” Chemosphere, vol. 150, 2016, pp. 759–764., doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.11.075.
    58. Chang, Jingbo, et al. “Real-Time detection of mercury ions in water using a reduced graphene oxide/DNA field-Effect transistor with assistance of a passivation layer.” Sensing and Bio-Sensing Research, vol. 5, 2015, pp. 97–104., doi:10.1016/j.sbsr.2015.07.009.
    59. Xu, Wangwang, et al. “Hierarchical Graphene-Encapsulated Hollow SnO2@SnS2 Nanostructures with Enhanced Lithium Storage Capability.” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol. 7, no. 40, 2015, pp. 22533–22541., doi:10.1021/acsami.5b06765.
    60. Ye, Yifan. “X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy Characterization of a Li/S Cell.” Nanomaterials, 2016, doi:10.3390/nano6010014.
    61. Nguyen, Trang H. D., et al. “Toxicity of Graphene Oxide on Intestinal Bacteria and Caco-2 Cells.” Journal of Food Protection, vol. 78, no. 5, 2015, pp. 996–1002., doi:10.4315/0362-028x.jfp-14-463.
    62. Huang, Po-Jung Jimmy, et al. “Liposome/Graphene Oxide Interaction Studied by Isothermal Titration Calorimetry.” Langmuir, vol. 32, no. 10, Apr. 2016, pp. 2458–2463., doi:10.1021/acs.langmuir.6b00006.
    63. Liu, Biwu, et al. “Graphene oxide surface blocking agents can increase the DNA biosensor sensitivity.” Biotechnology Journal, vol. 11, no. 6, Nov. 2016, pp. 780–787., doi:10.1002/biot.201500540.
    64. Liu, Taoze, et al. “Biochar-Supported carbon nanotube and graphene oxide nanocomposites for Pb(Ii) and Cd(Ii) removal.” RSC Advances, vol. 6, no. 29, 2016, pp. 24314–24319., doi:10.1039/c6ra01895e.
    65. Nguyen, T. Dung, et al. “One-Step Electrosynthesis of Poly(1,5-Diaminonaphthalene)/Graphene Nanocomposite as Platform for Lead Detection in Water.” Electroanalysis, vol. 28, no. 8, Nov. 2016, pp. 1907–1913., doi:10.1002/elan.201501075.
    66. Tegou, E., et al. “Low-Temperature thermal reduction of graphene oxide films in ambient atmosphere: Infra-Red spectroscopic studies and gas sensing applications.” Microelectronic Engineering, vol. 159, 2016, pp. 146–150., doi:10.1016/j.mee.2016.03.030.
    67. Xu, Wangwang, et al. “Direct growth of an economic green energy storage material: a monocrystalline jarosite-KFe3(SO4)2(OH)6-Nanoplates@RGO hybrid as a superior lithium-Ion battery cathode.” Journal of Materials Chemistry A, vol. 4, no. 10, 2016, pp. 3735–3742., doi:10.1039/c5ta10622b.
    68. Pandey, Gaind P. “Mesoporous Hybrids of Reduced Graphene Oxide and Vanadium Pentoxide for Enhanced Performance in Lithium-Ion Batteries and Electrochemical Capacitors.” Applied Materials & Interfaces, 24 Mar. 2016, pp. 9200–9210., doi:10.1021/acsami.6b02372.
    69. Nieto, Andy, et al. “Graphene reinforced metal and ceramic matrix composites: a review.” International Materials Reviews, vol. 62, no. 5, 2016, pp. 241–302., doi:10.1080/09506608.2016.1219481.
    70. Wang, Mei, et al. “Concurrent aggregation and transport of graphene oxide in saturated porous media: Roles of temperature, cation type, and electrolyte concentration.” Environmental Pollution, vol. 235, 2018, pp. 350–357., doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2017.12.063.
  • Hydroxylated Graphene Quantum Dots

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Li, Changzheng, and Yanan Yue. “Fluorescence spectroscopy of graphene quantum dots: temperature effect at different excitation wavelengths.” Nanotechnology, vol. 25, no. 43, Sept. 2014, p. 435703., doi:10.1088/0957-4484/25/43/435703.
    2. Bhatnagar, Deepika, et al. “Graphene quantum dots FRET based sensor for early detection of heart attack in human.” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 79, 2016, pp. 495–499., doi:10.1016/j.bios.2015.12.083.
    3. Liu, Yang, et al. “Electro-Optical switching of liquid crystals sandwiched between ion-Beam-Spurted graphene quantum dots-Doped PEDOT:PSS composite layers.” Optics Express, vol. 23, no. 26, 2015, p. 34071., doi:10.1364/oe.23.034071.
    4. Bhatnagar, Deepika, et al. “Ultrasensitive cardiac troponin I antibody based nanohybrid sensor for rapid detection of human heart attack.” International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, vol. 95, 2017, pp. 505–510., doi:10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2016.11.037.
    5. Nieto, Andy, et al. “Graphene reinforced metal and ceramic matrix composites: a review.” International Materials Reviews, vol. 62, no. 5, 2016, pp. 241–302., doi:10.1080/09506608.2016.1219481.
    6. Bok, Chang Han, et al. “Operating mechanisms of highly-Reproducible write-Once-Read-Many-Times memory devices based on graphene quantum dot:Poly(Methyl silsesquioxane) nanocomposites.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 110, no. 1, Apr. 2017, p. 013301., doi:10.1063/1.4973358.
    7. Kim, Do Hyeong, et al. “Highly-Reproducible nonvolatile memristive devices based on polyvinylpyrrolidone: Graphene quantum-Dot nanocomposites.” Organic Electronics, vol. 51, 2017, pp. 156–161., doi:10.1016/j.orgel.2017.09.005.
    8. Gupta, Shagun, et al. “Ultrasensitive transglutaminase based nanosensor for early detection of celiac disease in human.” International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, vol. 105, 2017, pp. 905–911., doi:10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2017.07.126.
    9. Ooi, Poh Choon, et al. “Reduced graphene oxide preparation and its applications in solution-Processed write-Once-Read-Many-Times graphene-Based memory device.” Carbon, vol. 124, 2017, pp. 547–554., doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2017.09.004.
    10. Choi, Hwan Young, et al. “Organic electronic synapses with pinched hystereses based on graphene quantum-Dot nanocomposites.” NPG Asia Materials, vol. 9, no. 7, 2017, doi:10.1038/am.2017.133.
    11. Ooi, Poh Choon, et al. “Fabrication of transparent bistable switching memory device using plasmapolymerized hexamethyldisiloxane layers with embedded graphene quantum dots.” Thin Solid Films, vol. 645, 2018, pp. 45–50., doi:10.1016/j.tsf.2017.10.044.
    12. Wang, Changhong, et al. “Computing: Memristive Devices with Highly Repeatable Analog States Boosted by Graphene Quantum Dots.” Small, vol. 13, no. 20, 2017, doi:10.1002/smll.201770110.
    13. Bakar, Elyani Abu, Mohd Ambri Mohamed, Poh Choon Ooi, MF Mohd Razip Wee, Chang Fu Dee, and Burhanuddin Yeop Majlis. "Fabrication of indium-tin-oxide free, all-solution-processed flexible nanogenerator device using nanocomposite of barium titanate and graphene quantum dots in polyvinylidene fluoride polymer matrix." Organic Electronics 61 (2018): 289-295.
    14. Ooi, Poh Choon, MF Mohd Razip Wee, Chang Fu Dee, Chi Chin Yap, Muhammad Mat Salleh, and Burhanuddin Yeop Majlis. "Fabrication of transparent bistable switching memory device using plasmapolymerized hexamethyldisiloxane layers with embedded graphene quantum dots." Thin Solid Films 645 (2018): 45-50
    15. Sung, Sihyun, Chaoxing Wu, Hyun Soo Jung, and Tae Whan Kim. "Highly-stable write-once-read-many-times switching behaviors of 1D–1R memristive devices based on graphene quantum dot nanocomposites." Scientific reports 8, no. 1 (2018): 12081.
  • KIT-6

     

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

  • Low Temperature Expandable Graphite

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

     

  • MCM-41

     

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

  • MCM-48

     

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

  • Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) Powder

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Lu, Chang, et al. “Comparison of MoS2, WS2, and Graphene Oxide for DNA Adsorption and Sensing.” Langmuir, vol. 33, no. 2, May 2017, pp. 630–637., doi:10.1021/acs.langmuir.6b04502.
    2. Liu, Yibo, and Juewen Liu. “Hybrid nanomaterials of WS2 or MoS2 nanosheets with liposomes: biointerfaces and multiplexed drug delivery.” Nanoscale, vol. 9, no. 35, 2017, pp. 13187–13194.
    3. Wang, Liu, et al. “Transition Metal Dichalcogenide Nanosheets for Visual Monitoring PCR Rivaling a Real-Time PCR Instrument.” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol. 10, no. 5, 2018, pp. 4409–4418., doi:10.1021/acsami.7b15746.
    4. Giust, Davide, María Isabel Lucío, Otto L. Muskens, and Antonios G. Kanaras. "Interactions of DNA coated upconversion nanoparticles with 2D materials." In Colloidal Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications XIII, vol. 10507, p. 105070U. International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2018.
    5. Lau, K. Y., A. A. Latif, MH Abu Bakar, F. D. Muhammad, M. F. Omar, and M. A. Mahdi. "Mechanically deposited tungsten disulfide saturable absorber for low-threshold Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser." Applied Physics B 123, no. 8 (2017): 221.
    6. Hejazi, Davoud, Shuangjun Liu, Sarah Ostadabbas, and Swastik Kar. "Bayesian Inference-enabled Precise Optical Wavelength Estimation using Transition Metal Dichalcogenide Thin Films." arXiv preprint arXiv:1901.09452 (2019).
  • Monolayer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2)

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Lu, Chang, et al. “Comparison of MoS2, WS2, and Graphene Oxide for DNA Adsorption and Sensing.” Langmuir, vol. 33, no. 2, May 2017, pp. 630–637., doi:10.1021/acs.langmuir.6b04502.
    2. Wang, Liu, et al. “Transition Metal Dichalcogenide Nanosheets for Visual Monitoring PCR Rivaling a Real-Time PCR Instrument.” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol. 10, no. 5, 2018, pp. 4409–4418., doi:10.1021/acsami.7b15746.
    3. Giust, Davide, et al. "Interactions of DNA coated upconversion nanoparticles with 2D materials." Colloidal Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications XIII. Vol. 10507. International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2018.
    4. Lau, K. Y., A. A. Latif, MH Abu Bakar, F. D. Muhammad, M. F. Omar, and M. A. Mahdi. "Mechanically deposited tungsten disulfide saturable absorber for low-threshold Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser." Applied Physics B 123, no. 8 (2017): 221.
    5. Giust, Davide, María Isabel Lucío, Otto L. Muskens, and Antonios G. Kanaras. "Interactions of DNA coated upconversion nanoparticles with 2D materials." In Colloidal Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications XIII, vol. 10507, p. 105070U. International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2018.
    6. Liu, Yibo, and Juewen Liu. "Hybrid nanomaterials of WS 2 or MoS 2 nanosheets with liposomes: biointerfaces and multiplexed drug delivery." Nanoscale 9, no. 35 (2017): 13187-13194.
    7. Giust, Davide, María Isabel Lucío, Otto L. Muskens, and Antonios G. Kanaras. "Interactions of DNA coated upconversion nanoparticles with 2D materials." In Colloidal Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications XIII, vol. 10507, p. 105070U. International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2018.
  • Monolayer Tungsten Disulfide (WS2)

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

  • Nano H-ZSM-5

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

  • Nano Size Monolayer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2)

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

  • Nano Size Monolayer Tungsten Disulfide (WS2)

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

  • Natural Graphite Nanoparticles

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

  • Nitrogen-doped Graphene Powder

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Zhang, Zimeng, et al. “Roll-to-Roll printing of flexible thin-Film organic thermoelectric devices.” Manufacturing Letters, vol. 8, 2016, pp. 6–10., doi:10.1016/j.mfglet.2016.04.002.
    2. Nieto, Andy, et al. “Graphene reinforced metal and ceramic matrix composites: a review.” International Materials Reviews, vol. 62, no. 5, 2016, pp. 241–302., doi:10.1080/09506608.2016.1219481.
    3. Deng, Wenfang, et al. “Three-Dimensional nitrogen-Doped graphene derived from poly-o-Phenylenediamine for high-Performance supercapacitors.” Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, vol. 787, 2017, pp. 103–109., doi:10.1016/j.jelechem.2017.01.047.
    4. Glebova, Yulia, et al. “Nitrogen-Doped graphene as an alternative to ecotoxic zinc oxide in rubbers.” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 135, no. 17, Oct. 2018, p. 46116., doi:10.1002/app.46116.
    5. Meng, Xiangbo, et al. “Atomic Layer Deposition of Aluminum Sulfide: Growth Mechanism and Electrochemical Evaluation in Lithium-Ion Batteries.” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 29, no. 21, 2017, pp. 9043–9052., doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b02175.
    6. Sun, Qian. "Interfacial Tailoring of Lithium-ion Batteries by Atomic/Molecular Layer Deposition." (2018).
    7. Yang, Yiqun, Kayla Strong, Gaind P. Pandey, and Lamartine Meda. "Nanostructured V 2 O 5/Nitrogen-doped Graphene Hybrids for High Rate Lithium Storage." MRS Advances 3, no. 60 (2018): 3495-3500.
  • Ordered mesoporous carbon cmk-3

    FAQ

    1. Which precursor was used for the preparation? 
    Sucrose was used as the precursor for CMK-3.
    2. What was the applied heat-treatment temperature for the carbonization? 
    Carbonization was treated at 900°C for 5h under an inert atmosphere of nitrogen.
     

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Minella, Christian Bonatto, et al. “NaAlH4 confined in ordered mesoporous carbon.” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 38, no. 21, 2013, pp. 8829–8837., doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.04.103.
    2. Zhang, Junshe, and Jae W. Lee. “Supercapacitor Electrodes Derived from Carbon Dioxide.” ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng., 20 Dec. 2013, pp. 735–740., doi:10.1021/sc400414r.
    3. Carrales-Alvarado, D.H., et al. “Removal of the antibiotic metronidazole by adsorption on various carbon materials from aqueous phase.” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 436, 2014, pp. 276–285., doi:10.1016/j.jcis.2014.08.023.
    4. Zalupski, Peter R., et al. “The Adsorption of Gold, Palladium, and Platinum from Acidic Chloride Solutions on Mesoporous Carbons.” Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange, vol. 32, no. 7, Oct. 2014, pp. 737–748., doi:10.1080/07366299.2014.951278.
    5. Hark, E., et al. “Different Carbide Derived Nanoporous Carbon Supports and Electroreduction of Oxygen.” ECS Transactions, vol. 66, no. 24, Nov. 2015, pp. 69–80., doi:10.1149/06624.0069ecst.
    6. Roznyatovskaya, Nataliya, et al. “Sieving Effects in Electrical Double-Layer Capacitors Based on Neat [Al(Hfip)4]−and [NTf2]−Ionic Liquids.” ChemElectroChem, vol. 2, no. 6, June 2015, pp. 829–836., doi:10.1002/celc.201500024.
    7. Kim, Jae Ho. “Stabilization of Insoluble Discharge Products by Facile Aniline Modification for High Performance Li-S Batteries.” Advanced Energy Materials, vol. 5, no. 14, 15 May 2015, doi:10.1002/aenm.201500268.
    8. Salameh, Chrystelle, et al. “Monodisperse platinum nanoparticles supported on highly ordered mesoporous silicon nitride nanoblocks: superior catalytic activity for hydrogen generation from sodium borohydride.” RSC Advances, vol. 5, no. 72, 2015, pp. 58943–58951., doi:10.1039/c5ra05901a.
    9. Mercier, Guillaume, et al. “Porous Graphene Oxide/Diboronic Acid Materials: Structure and Hydrogen Sorption.” The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 119, no. 49, 2015, pp. 27179–27191., doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b06402.
    10. Walter, Marc. “Efficient and Inexpensive Sodium–Magnesium Hybrid Battery.” Chemistry of Materials, 16 Oct. 2015, pp. 7452–7458., doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b03531.
    11. Shih, Yung-Han, et al. “Nanoporous Carbons Derived from Metal-Organic Frameworks as Novel Matrices for Surface-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Mass Spectrometry.” Small, vol. 12, no. 15, 23 Feb. 2016, doi:10.1002/smll.201502817.
    12. Yoo, Eunjoo, and Haoshen Zhou. “Carbon Cathodes in Rechargeable Lithium-Oxygen Batteries Based on Double-Lithium-Salt Electrolytes.” ChemSusChem, vol. 9, no. 11, 2016, pp. 1249–1254., doi:10.1002/cssc.201600177.
    13. Pięk, Magdalena, et al. “The Complex Crystal of NaTCNQ–TCNQ Supported on Different Carbon Materials as Ion-to-Electron Transducer in All-Solid-State Sodium-Selective Electrode.” Journal of The Electrochemical Society, vol. 163, no. 13, 2016, doi:10.1149/2.0341613jes.
    14. Yin, Wang, et al. “A One-Step Synthesis of C6 Sugar Alcohols from Levoglucosan and Disaccharides Using a Ru/CMK-3 Catalyst.” ACS Catalysis, vol. 6, no. 7, 2016, pp. 4411–4422., doi:10.1021/acscatal.6b00296.
    15. See, Kimberly A., et al. “Effect of Hydrofluoroether Cosolvent Addition on Li Solvation in Acetonitrile-Based Solvate Electrolytes and Its Influence on S Reduction in a Li–S Battery.” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol. 8, no. 50, Aug. 2016, pp. 34360–34371., doi:10.1021/acsami.6b11358.
    16. Mi, Yingying, et al. “A pomegranate-Structured sulfur cathode material with triple confinement of lithium polysulfides for high-Performance lithium–sulfur batteries.” Journal of Materials Chemistry A, vol. 5, no. 23, 2017, pp. 11788–11793., doi:10.1039/c7ta00035a.
    17. Shih, Yung-Han, et al. “Nitrogen-Doped porous carbon material derived from metal–organic gel for small biomolecular sensing.” Chemical Communications, vol. 53, no. 42, 2017, pp. 5725–5728., doi:10.1039/c7cc00665a.
    18. Shin, Minjeong, et al. “Effect of the Hydrofluoroether Cosolvent Structure in Acetonitrile-Based Solvate Electrolytes on the Li Solvation Structure and Li–S Battery Performance.” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol. 9, no. 45, 2017, pp. 39357–39370., doi:10.1021/acsami.7b11566.
    19. Kwon, Ji Eon, et al. “Triptycene-Based quinone molecules showing multi-Electron redox reactions for large capacity and high energy organic cathode materials in Li-Ion batteries.” Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2018, doi:10.1039/c7ta09968a.
    20. Chen, Zhihua, et al. “Development of a reactor with carbon catalysts for modular-Scale, low-Cost electrochemical generation of H2O2.” Reaction Chemistry & Engineering, vol. 2, no. 2, 2017, pp. 239–245., doi:10.1039/c6re00195e.
    21. Jumaah, Alaa, Shihab Al-Daffaie, Oktay Yilmazoglu, and Franko Küppers. "Graphene Enhanced 2-D Nanoelectrode for Continuous Wave Terahertz Photomixers." In 2018 43rd International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz), pp. 1-2. IEEE, 2018.
    22. Kim, Minjae, Eunjoo Yoo, Wha-Seung Ahn, and Sang Eun Shim. "Controlling porosity of porous carbon cathode for lithium oxygen batteries: Influence of micro and meso porosity." Journal of Power Sources 389 (2018): 20-27. 
    23. Sakthivel, Mariappan, and Jean-Francois Drillet. "An extensive study about influence of the carbon support morphology on Pt activity and stability for oxygen reduction reaction." Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 231 (2018): 62-72.
    24. Li, Lu, Lijuan Hou, Jie Cheng, Trevor Simmons, Fuming Zhang, Lucy T. Zhang, Robert J. Linhardt, and Nikhil Koratkar. "A flexible carbon/sulfur-cellulose core-shell structure for advanced lithium–sulfur batteries." Energy Storage Materials 15 (2018): 388-395.
    25. Kim, Minjae, Eunjoo Yoo, Wha-Seung Ahn, and Sang Eun Shim. "Controlling porosity of porous carbon cathode for lithium oxygen batteries: Influence of micro and meso porosity." Journal of Power Sources 389 (2018): 20-27.
    26. Min, Dong Joo, Fabien Miomandre, Pierre Audebert, Ji Eon Kwon, and Soo Young Park. "s‐Tetrazines as a New Electrode‐Active Material for Secondary Batteries." ChemSusChem 12, no. 2 (2019): 503-510.
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    28. Fan, Xiulin, Jie Yue, Fudong Han, Ji Chen, Tao Deng, Xiuquan Zhou, Singyuk Hou, and Chunsheng Wang. "High-performance all-solid-state Na–S battery enabled by casting–annealing technology." ACS nano 12, no. 4 (2018): 3360-3368.
    29. Pinck, Stéphane, Frédéric PA Jorand, Mengjie Xu, and Mathieu Etienne. "Protamine promotes direct electron transfer between Shewanella oneidensis cells and carbon nanomaterials in bacterial biocomposites." ChemElectroChem.
  • Ordered mesoporous carbon cmk-8

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

  • Porous Carbon

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

  • Pyrolytic Graphite Powder

    FAQ

    1. Can Pyrolytic Graphite Powder be suspended in an epoxy or urethane and poured into a shape?

    Yes. 

     

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Ellingsen, Linda, Alex Holland, Jean-Francois Drillet, Willi Peters, Martin Eckert, Carlos Concepcion, Oscar Ruiz et al. "Environmental screening of electrode materials for a rechargeable aluminum battery with an AlCl3/EMIMCl electrolyte." Materials 11, no. 6 (2018): 936.

  • Reduced Graphene Oxide (rGO)

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Vicentini, Nicola, Teresa Gatti, Marco Salerno, Yuriko Suemi Hernandez Gomez, Mattia Bellon, Sasha Gallio, Carla Marega, Francesco Filippini, and Enzo Menna. "Effect of different functionalized carbon nanostructures as fillers on the physical properties of biocompatible poly (l-lactic acid) composites." Materials Chemistry and Physics 214 (2018): 265-276.

  • SAPO-11

    FAQ

    Is SAPO-11 H+ or Na+ form?

    SAPO-11 is H+ form. 

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

  • SAPO-34

    FAQ

    What is the calcination temperature of SAPO-34?

    It is 550 Celsius.

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

  • SBA-15

    FAQs

    1. What is the final calcination temperature used during synthesis? 

    The material is calcined in air at 823 Kelvin for 6 hrs to decompose the triblock co-polymer and yielding a white powder, SBA-15. This is the typical method for preparing SBA-15.

     

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

  • SBA-16

     

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

  • Silicon nanoparticles

    FAQ

    1. What dispersants can be used to disperse Silicon Nanoparticles? Silicon nanoparticles can be dipersed in water or ethanol.

    2. Which solvent can be used to dissolve Silicon Nanoparticles? You will need to ultrasonicate it with 40% hydrofluoric acid.

     

  • Silver Nanoparticles

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Gerardo, Carlos, et al. “Fabrication of Circuits on Flexible Substrates Using Conductive SU-8 for Sensing Applications.” Sensors, vol. 17, no. 7, 2017, p. 1420., doi:10.3390/s17061420.
    2. Pouran, Hamid M. "Engineered Nanomaterials in the Environment, their Potential Fate and Behaviour and Emerging Techniques to Measure Them." Handbook of Environmental Materials Management (2018): 1-15.
  • Silver Nanowire (500mg)

    FAQ

    1. What is the stabilizing agent used for your Silver Nanowire and what is the wt% left in the final product?

    We only use Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and there is <0.5wt% left in our final product.

    2. What geometric shape is the cross-section of your Silver Nanowires? 

    The cross-section of our silver nanowire is pentagonal. 

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

  • Single Layer Graphene

    FAQ

    How to disperse the Single Layer Graphene Powder into Aqueous Systems?

    The SLG product produced by ACS Material has no functional groups on the surface‚ and it can be dispersed in water or ethanol with a dispersion aid. These two dispersion aids have been proven to be useful:

    1) Sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate (SDBS)
    2) Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)

    Add dispersant to water‚ and then add single layer graphene with the use of an ultrasonic mixer. The addition rate of single layer graphene should be carefully controlled until the desired concentration is achieved. Experiments are needed to determine the appropriate quantity of dispersant in your system‚ but in our experience with water‚ 10mg/ml dispersant is preferred. The sonication time should be 15+ minutes. If you notice some settling‚ assuming you have not attempted to over-concentrate the dispersion‚ the graphene can be redispersed with the aid of sonication. The maximum concentration of single layer graphene in water is about 0.1 mg/ml with SDBS as dispersant‚ or 100mg/l.

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Randeniya, Lakshman K., et al. “Harnessing the Influence of Reactive Edges and Defects of Graphene Substrates for Achieving Complete Cycle of Room-Temperature Molecular Sensing.” Small, vol. 9, no. 23, Jan. 2013, pp. 3993–3999., doi:10.1002/smll.201300689.
    2. Zhang, Lv, et al. “A tough graphene nanosheet/Hydroxyapatite composite with improved in vitro biocompatibility.” Carbon, vol. 61, 2013, pp. 105–115., doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2013.04.074.
    3. Li, Yunyong, et al. “Simultaneous Formation of Ultrahigh Surface Area and Three-Dimensional Hierarchical Porous Graphene-Like Networks for Fast and Highly Stable Supercapacitors.” Advanced Materials, vol. 25, no. 17, 2013, pp. 2474–2480., doi:10.1002/adma.201205332.
    4. Xu, Peng, et al. “Synergy among binary (MWNT, SLG) nano-Carbons in polymer nano-Composites: a Raman study.” Nanotechnology, vol. 23, no. 31, 2012, p. 315706., doi:10.1088/0957-4484/23/31/315706.
    5. Loomis, James, and Balaji Panchapakesan. “Dimensional dependence of photomechanical response in carbon nanostructure composites: a case for carbon-Based mixed-Dimensional systems.” Nanotechnology, vol. 23, no. 21, Mar. 2012, p. 215501., doi:10.1088/0957-4484/23/21/215501.
    6. Ip, Alexander C.-F., et al. “Oxidation Level-Dependent Zwitterionic Liposome Adsorption and Rupture by Graphene-Based Materials and Light-Induced Content Release.” Small, vol. 9, no. 7, 2012, pp. 1030–1035., doi:10.1002/smll.201202710.
    7. Xu, Peng, et al. “Load transfer and mechanical properties of chemically reduced graphene reinforcements in polymer composites.” Nanotechnology, vol. 23, no. 50, 2012, p. 505713., doi:10.1088/0957-4484/23/50/505713.
    8. Loomis, James, et al. “Layer dependent mechanical responses of graphene composites to near-Infrared light.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 100, no. 7, 2012, p. 073108., doi:10.1063/1.3685479.
    9. Loomis, James, and Balaji Panchapakesan. “Large photocurrents in single layer graphene thin films: effects of diffusion and drift.” Nanotechnology, vol. 23, no. 26, 2012, p. 265203., doi:10.1088/0957-4484/23/26/265203.
    10. Chen, Qi, et al. “Enhanced Hot-Carrier Luminescence in Multilayer Reduced Graphene Oxide Nanospheres.” Scientific Reports, vol. 3, no. 1, 2013, doi:10.1038/srep02315.
    11. Xu, Peng, et al. “Synergy among binary (MWNT, SLG) nano-Carbons in polymer nano-Composites: a Raman study.” Nanotechnology, vol. 23, no. 31, 2012, p. 315706., doi:10.1088/0957-4484/23/31/315706.
    12. Aziz, Saad, et al. “Nanoarchitectured LiMn2O4/Graphene/ZnO Composites as Electrodes for Lithium Ion Batteries.” Journal of Materials Science & Technology, vol. 30, no. 5, 2014, pp. 427–433., doi:10.1016/j.jmst.2014.03.007.
    13. Lewandowski, Andrzej, et al. “Capacity of graphene anode in ionic liquid electrolyte.” Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, vol. 18, no. 10, 2014, pp. 2781–2788., doi:10.1007/s10008-014-2539-3.
    14. Zuccon, Sara, et al. “Functional palladium metal films for plasmonic devices: an experimental proof.” Journal of Optics, vol. 16, no. 5, 2014, p. 055001., doi:10.1088/2040-8978/16/5/055001.
    15. Tampieri, Francesco, et al. “A comparative electron paramagnetic resonance study of expanded graphites and graphene.” J. Mater. Chem. C, vol. 2, no. 38, 2014, pp. 8105–8112., doi:10.1039/c4tc01383b.
    16. Sharma, Rajni, et al. “ZnO anchored graphene hydrophobic nanocomposite-Based bulk heterojunction solar cells showing enhanced short-circuit current.” Journal of Materials Chemistry C, 1 Aug. 2014, pp. 8142–8151., doi:10.1039/C4TC01056F.
    17. Majidian, Maryam, et al. “Electrical conduction of photo-Patternable SU8–graphene composites.” Carbon, vol. 80, 2014, pp. 364–372., doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2014.08.075.
    18. Zhang, Tao, et al. “Gel-Derived Cation-π Stacking Films of Carbon Nanotube-Graphene Complexes as Oxygen Cathodes.” ChemSusChem, vol. 7, no. 10, 2014, pp. 2845–2852., doi:10.1002/cssc.201402567.
    19. Swiderska-Mocek, Agnieszka, and Ewelina Rudnicka. “Lithium–sulphur battery with activated carbon cloth-Sulphur cathode and ionic liquid as electrolyte.” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 273, 2015, pp. 162–167., doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2014.09.020.
    20. Terborg, Lydia, et al. “Porous polymer monoliths with incorporated single layer graphene.” Scientia Chromatographica, vol. 6, no. 1, 2014, pp. 27–33., doi:10.4322/sc.2014.017.
    21. Sims, Christopher M., et al. “CO tolerance of Pt and PtSn intermetallic electrocatalysts on synthetically modified reduced graphene oxide supports.” Dalton Transactions, vol. 44, no. 3, 2015, pp. 977–987., doi:10.1039/c4dt02544j.
    22. Amoli, Behnam Meschi, et al. “Highly electrically conductive adhesives using silver nanoparticle (Ag NP)-Decorated graphene: the effect of NPs sintering on the electrical conductivity improvement.” Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, vol. 26, no. 1, Apr. 2014, pp. 590–600., doi:10.1007/s10854-014-2440-y.
    23. Amoli, Behnam Meschi, et al. “SDS-Stabilized graphene nanosheets for highly electrically conductive adhesives.” Carbon, vol. 91, 2015, pp. 188–199., doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2015.04.039.
    24. Wehnert, F., et al. “Design of multifunctional adhesives by the use of carbon nanoparticles.” Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, vol. 29, no. 17, 2015, pp. 1849–1859., doi:10.1080/01694243.2015.1014536.
    25. Liang, Xiao, et al. “A highly efficient polysulfide mediator for lithium–sulfur batteries.” Nature Communications, vol. 6, June 2015, p. 5682., doi:10.1038/ncomms6682.
    26. Paczosa-Bator, Beata. “Ion-Selective electrodes with superhydrophobic polymer/Carbon nanocomposites as solid contact.” Carbon, vol. 95, 2015, pp. 879–887., doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2015.09.006.
    27. Bhatnagar, Deepika, et al. “Graphene quantum dots FRET based sensor for early detection of heart attack in human.” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 79, 2016, pp. 495–499., doi:10.1016/j.bios.2015.12.083.
    28. Saha, Dipendu, et al. “Adsorption of CO2, CH4, and N2 in Micro-Mesoporous Nanographene: A Comparative Study.” Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data, vol. 60, no. 9, Nov. 2015, pp. 2636–2645., doi:10.1021/acs.jced.5b00291.
    29. Saha, Dipendu, et al. “A study on the cytotoxicity of carbon-based materials.” Materials Science and Engineering: C , vol. 68, Nov. 2016, pp. 101–108., doi:10.1016/j.msec.2016.05.094.
    30. Alhumade, H., et al. “Enhanced protective properties and UV stability of epoxy/Graphene nanocomposite coating on stainless steel.” Express Polymer Letters, vol. 10, no. 12, 2016, pp. 1034–1046., doi:10.3144/expresspolymlett.2016.96.
    31. Deng, Wenfang, et al. “Three-Dimensional graphene-like carbon frameworks as a new electrode material for electrochemical determination of small biomolecules.” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 85, 2016, pp. 618–624., doi:10.1016/j.bios.2016.05.065.
    32. Alhumade, Hesham, et al. “Corrosion inhibition of copper in sodium chloride solution using polyetherimide/Graphene composites.” The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, vol. 94, no. 5, 2016, pp. 896–904., doi:10.1002/cjce.22439.
    33. Pięk, Magdalena, et al. “The Complex Crystal of NaTCNQ–TCNQ Supported on Different Carbon Materials as Ion-to-Electron Transducer in All-Solid-State Sodium-Selective Electrode.” Journal of The Electrochemical Society, vol. 163, no. 13, 2016, doi:10.1149/2.0341613jes.
    34. Albelda, Jasmine A.V, et al. “Graphene-Titanium dioxide nanocomposite based hypoxanthine sensor for assessment of meat freshness.” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 89, 2017, pp. 518–524., doi:10.1016/j.bios.2016.03.041.
    35. Dubey, Nileshkumar, et al. “Graphene: An Emerging Carbon Nanomaterial for Bone Tissue Engineering.” Graphene-Based Materials in Health and Environment Carbon Nanostructures, 2016, pp. 135–158., doi:10.1007/978-3-319-45639-3_5.
    36. Dobrota, Ana S., et al. “Stabilization of alkali metal ions interaction with OH-Functionalized graphene via clustering of OH groups – implications in charge storage applications.” RSC Advances, vol. 6, no. 63, 2016, pp. 57910–57919., doi:10.1039/c6ra13509a.
    37. Mohan, Balaji, et al. “Mechanochemical Synthesis of Active Magnetite Nanoparticles Supported on Charcoal for Facile Synthesis of Alkynyl Selenides by C−H Activation.” ChemCatChem, vol. 8, no. 14, 2016, pp. 2345–2350., doi:10.1002/cctc.201600280.
    38. Pięk, Magdalena, et al. “All-Solid-State nitrate selective electrode with graphene/Tetrathiafulvalene nanocomposite as high redox and double layer capacitance solid contact.” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 210, 2016, pp. 407–414., doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2016.05.170.
    39. Marinoiu, A., et al. “Iodinated carbon materials for oxygen reduction reaction in proton exchange membrane fuel cell. Scalable synthesis and electrochemical performances.” Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 2016, doi:10.1016/j.arabjc.2016.12.002.
    40. Pu, Zhihua, et al. “A continuous glucose monitoring device by graphene modified electrochemical sensor in microfluidic system.” Biomicrofluidics, vol. 10, no. 1, 2016, p. 011910., doi:10.1063/1.4942437.
    41. Gatti, Teresa, et al. “Boosting Perovskite Solar Cells Performance and Stability through Doping a Poly-3(Hexylthiophene) Hole Transporting Material with Organic Functionalized Carbon Nanostructures.” Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 26, no. 41, 2016, pp. 7443–7453., doi:10.1002/adfm.201602803.
    42. Nieto, Andy, et al. “Graphene reinforced metal and ceramic matrix composites: a review.” International Materials Reviews, vol. 62, no. 5, 2016, pp. 241–302., doi:10.1080/09506608.2016.1219481.
    43. Marinoiu, Adriana, et al. “Doped Graphene as Non-Metallic Catalyst for Fuel Cells.” Materials Science, vol. 23, no. 2, 2017, doi:10.5755/j01.ms.23.2.16216.
    44. Kang, Shin Wook, et al. “High-Performance Fe 5 C 2 @CMK-3 nanocatalyst for selective and high-Yield production of gasoline-Range hydrocarbons.” Journal of Catalysis, vol. 349, 2017, pp. 66–74., doi:10.1016/j.jcat.2017.03.004.
    45. Pięk, Magdalena, et al. “High selective potentiometric sensor for determination of nanomolar con-Centration of Cu(II) using a polymeric electrode modified by a graphene/7,7,8,8-Tetracyanoquinodimethane nanoparticles.” Talanta, vol. 170, 2017, pp. 41–48., doi:10.1016/j.talanta.2017.03.068.
    46. Marinoiu, Adriana, et al. “Low cost iodine intercalated graphene for fuel cells electrodes.” Applied Surface Science, vol. 424, 2017, pp. 93–100., doi:10.1016/j.apsusc.2017.01.295.
    47. Liu, Yangshuai, et al. “Asymmetric supercapacitor, based on composite MnO 2 -Graphene and N-Doped activated carbon coated carbon nanotube electrodes.” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 233, 2017, pp. 142–150., doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2017.03.028.
    48. Huang, Kun, et al. “Graphene coupled with Pt cubic nanoparticles for high performance, air-Stable graphene-Silicon solar cells.” Nano Energy, vol. 32, 2017, pp. 225–231., doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2016.12.042.
    49. Deng, Wenfang, et al. “Three-Dimensional nitrogen-Doped graphene derived from poly-o-Phenylenediamine for high-Performance supercapacitors.” Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, vol. 787, 2017, pp. 103–109., doi:10.1016/j.jelechem.2017.01.047.
    50. Müller, Michael, et al. “Effect of Graphite Nanoplate Morphology on the Dispersion and Physical Properties of Polycarbonate Based Composites.” Materials, vol. 10, no. 6, 2017, p. 545., doi:10.3390/ma10050545.
    51. Chakrabarti, Barun, et al. “Enhanced Performance of an All-Vanadium Redox Flow Battery Employing Graphene Modified Carbon Paper Electrodes.” International Journal of Chemical and Molecular Engineering, vol. 11, no. 9, 2017, doi:10.1999/1307-6892/10007796.
    52. Gatti, Teresa, et al. “A D-π-A organic dye – Reduced graphene oxide covalent dyad as a new concept photosensitizer for light harvesting applications.” Carbon, vol. 115, 2017, pp. 746–753., doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2017.01.081.
    53. Zhou, Yikang, et al. “Graphene-Doped polyaniline nanocomposites as electromagnetic wave absorbing materials.” Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, vol. 28, no. 15, May 2017, pp. 10921–10928., doi:10.1007/s10854-017-6872-z.
    54. Das, Suprem R., et al. “Electrical Differentiation of Mesenchymal Stem Cells into Schwann-Cell-Like Phenotypes Using Inkjet-Printed Graphene Circuits.” Advanced Healthcare Materials, vol. 6, no. 7, 20 Feb. 2017, doi:10.1002/adhm.201601087.
    55. Kafiah, Feras, et al. “Synthesis of Graphene Based Membranes: Effect of Substrate Surface Properties on Monolayer Graphene Transfer.” Materials, vol. 10, no. 1, 2017, p. 86., doi:10.3390/ma10010086.
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    68. Yadav, Shriniwas, and Inderpreet Kaur. “Low temperature processed graphene thin film transparent electrodes for supercapacitor applications.” RSC Advances, vol. 6, no. 82, 2016, pp. 78702–78713., doi:10.1039/c6ra17668b.
    69. He, Qing, et al. “Enabling Inkjet Printed Graphene for Ion Selective Electrodes with Postprint Thermal Annealing.” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol. 9, no. 14, 2017, pp. 12719–12727., doi:10.1021/acsami.7b00092.
    70. Barbon, Antonio, and Francesco Tampieri. “Identification of slow relaxing spin components by pulse EPR techniques in graphene-Related materials.” AIMS Materials Science, vol. 4, no. 1, 2017, pp. 147–157., doi:10.3934/matersci.2017.1.147.
    71. Ali, Nafisa, Priyabrata Pal, Fawzi Banat, and Chandrasekar Srinivasakannan. "Selective removal of diethanolamine from methyldiethanolamine solution using chemically reduced single-layer graphene and activated carbon." Separation Science and Technology (2018): 1-11.
    72. Casalino, Maurizio, Roberto Russo, Carmela Russo, Anna Ciajolo, Emiliano Di Gennaro, Mario Iodice, and Giuseppe Coppola. "Free-Space Schottky Graphene/Silicon Photodetectors Operating at 2 μm." ACS Photonics 5, no. 11 (2018): 4577-4585.
    73. Paustovsky, A. V., V. E. Sheludko, E. Ya Telnikov, A. K. Marchuk, V. V. Kremenitsky, O. P. Tarasyuk, and S. P. Rogalsky. "The Structure and Electrical Properties of Graphene-Containing Thick Films." Powder Metallurgy and Metal Ceramics 57, no. 5-6 (2018): 285-292.
    74. Hoeprich Jr, Paul D., and Sangil Kim. "Electrochemical flow-cell for hydrogen production and nicotinamide dependent target reduction, and related methods and systems." U.S. Patent Application 14/861,750, filed March 24, 2016.
    75. Kinastowska, K., K. Piela, M. Gordel, A. Żak, R. Kołkowski, and M. Samoć. "Gold nanoparticle-decorated graphene as a nonlinear optical material in the visible and near-infrared spectral range." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 20, no. 27 (2018): 18862-18872.
  • Single Layer Graphene (Graphene Factory)

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Chaiyo, Sudkate, et al. “Electrochemical sensors for the simultaneous determination of zinc, cadmium and lead using a Nafion/Ionic liquid/Graphene composite modified screen-Printed carbon electrode.” Analytica Chimica Acta, vol. 918, 2016, pp. 26–34., doi:10.1016/j.aca.2016.03.026.
    2. Illakkiya, J. Tamil, et al. “Nebulized spray pyrolysis: a new method for synthesis of graphene film and their characteristics.” Surface and Coatings Technology, vol. 307, 2016, pp. 65–72., doi:10.1016/j.surfcoat.2016.08.051.
    3. Illakkiya, J. Tamil, et al. “Nanoarchitectured Semiconducting Photoelectrodes for Enhanced Stability and Photon Conversion Efficiency.” Carbon, vol. 111, 2017, pp. 713–721., doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2016.09.042.
    4. Nieto, Andy, et al. “Graphene reinforced metal and ceramic matrix composites: a review.” International Materials Reviews, vol. 62, no. 5, 2016, pp. 241–302., doi:10.1080/09506608.2016.1219481.
    5. Tiwari, Santosh Kr., et al. “Conductive Polymer Composites Based on Carbon Nanomaterials.” Springer Series on Polymer and Composite Materials Conducting Polymer Hybrids, Mar. 2016, pp. 117–142., doi:10.1007/978-3-319-46458-9_4.
    6. Chaiyo, Sudkate, et al. “Non-Enzymatic electrochemical detection of glucose with a disposable paper-Based sensor using a cobalt phthalocyanine–ionic liquid–graphene composite.” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 102, 2018, pp. 113–120., doi:10.1016/j.bios.2017.11.015.
    7. Lazarević-Pašti, Tamara, Vladan Anićijević, Miloš Baljozović, Dragana Vasić Anićijević, Sanjin Gutić, Vesna Vasić, Natalia V. Skorodumova, and Igor A. Pašti. "The impact of the structure of graphene-based materials on the removal of organophosphorus pesticides from water." Environmental Science: Nano (2018).
    8. Ali, Nafisa, Priyabrata Pal, Fawzi Banat, and Chandrasekar Srinivasakannan. "Selective removal of diethanolamine from methyldiethanolamine solution using chemically reduced single-layer graphene and activated carbon." Separation Science and Technology (2018): 1-11.
  • Single Layer Graphene Oxide Dispersion

    FAQ

    What is the pH of Graphene Oxide Dispersion in Water?

    The pH is 3 - 5. 

     

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

  • Single Layer Graphene Oxide Flake (H Method)

    FAQ

    How do I disperse single layer Graphene Oxide into a suitable carrier?

    For dispersion in water
    1) Use distilled or deionized water
    2) Add graphene powder
    3) Use sonication power of 200W for about 30mins (adjust it based on your application)

    For dispersion in ethanol
    1) Use pure ethanol
    2) Add graphene powder
    3) Use sonication power of 200W for about 30mins (adjust it based on your application)

    Is Graphene Oxide fully oxidized? What is the C:O ratio?

    Graphene Oxide (GO) is produced by the classic modified Hummer’s method‚ which yields an oxidization level of ≥95%.  Regarding the C:O ratio‚ there is some variance inherent in the manufacturing process but the figures below give you an approximation of what to expect (please use the number in the table as a reference number):

    Sample N (wt %) C (wt %) O (wt %) C/O at. ratio
    Graphene Oxide 0 51.26 40.78 1.67

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

     
  • Single Layer Graphene Oxide Powder (H Method)

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Dedelaite, Lina, et al. “Surfaces functionalized by graphene oxide nanosheets for single cell investigations.” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, vol. 255, 2018, pp. 1735–1743., doi:10.1016/j.snb.2017.08.187.
    2. Trinidad, Josh, et al. “Solvent presence and its impact on the lap-Shear strength of SDS-Decorated graphene hybrid electrically conductive adhesives.” International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, vol. 78, 2017, pp. 102–110., doi:10.1016/j.ijadhadh.2017.06.012.
    3. Kahyaoglu, Leyla Nesrin, and Jenna L. Rickus. "Robust Covalent Coupling Scheme for the Development of FRET Aptasensor based on Amino-Silane-Modified Graphene Oxide." Langmuir 34, no. 48 (2018): 14586-14596.
    4. Lazarević-Pašti, Tamara, Vladan Anićijević, Miloš Baljozović, Dragana Vasić Anićijević, Sanjin Gutić, Vesna Vasić, Natalia V. Skorodumova, and Igor A. Pašti. "The impact of the structure of graphene-based materials on the removal of organophosphorus pesticides from water." Environmental Science: Nano (2018).
    5. Chumakova, Natalia A., Anastasya T. Rebrikova, Alexandr V. Talyzin, Nikita A. Paramonov, Andrey Kh Vorobiev, and Mikhail V. Korobov. "Properties of Graphite Oxide Powders and Membranes as Revealed by Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy." The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 122, no. 39 (2018): 22750-22759.
    6. Gao, Xianfeng, Fenfen Wang, Sam Gollon, and Chis Yuan. "Micro Silicon-Graphene-CNT anode for full cell lithium ion battery." (2018).
  • Single-Pass AAO (5p/Pack)

    FAQ

    1. What is the best method to dissolve/etch an AAO Template?

    There are two methods that we recommend. Please make the best adjustments based on your own experiment.

    Slow Removal: Depending on the microstructure evolution, a slow removal of AAO layer may be preferred. This can be achieved by using 5 wt% phosphate acid at 30º Celsius. Usually, this process is suitable for Single-Pass AAO. 

    Rapid removal: Use heated 3M NaOH or HCl solution, depending on your specific needs.

    2. What's the thickness of the Al substrate?

    The Al substrate is 150microns thick.

    3. What is the best method for cutting an AAO Template?

    The method we recommend involves using a metal ruler, a sharp knife or blade, a clean cloth (specialized cleanroom wipes suggested), and a hard flat surface (glass or steel).

    Cutting Method:

      1. Cover the hard surface with a cleanroom wipe or clean cloth.

      2. Place the AAO sample on the wipe with the Al substrate (back side) facing up.

      3. Align the metal ruler parallel to the cut you want to make.

      4. Press down firmly on the ruler and slice the AAO sample several times along the edge of the ruler. 

      5. If the AAO sample is not cut through completely, slowly and carefully bend the template until it comes apart. 

      6. Finally, the AAO sample can be cleaned by ultrasonic cleaning <30 seconds using acetone, ethanol, isopropyl alcohol or deionized water.  

     

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

  • SSZ-13 Zeolite

    FAQs

    1. Is the SSZ-13 a chabasite zeolite?

    Yes, it is CHA type zeolite.

  • TiO2 Nanowire

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Ghasemi-Kahrizsangi, Salman, et al. “Impact of Titania nanoparticles addition on the microstructure and properties of MgO-C refractories.” Ceramics International, vol. 43, no. 17, 2017, pp. 15472–15477., doi:10.1016/j.ceramint.2017.08.094.
    2. Farain, Kasra, Ali Esfandiar, and Alireza Z. Moshfegh. "Universal rotation of nanowires in static uniform electric fields in viscous dielectric liquids." Applied Physics Letters 113, no. 6 (2018): 063101.
    3. Tybrandt, Klas, Dion Khodagholy, Bernd Dielacher, Flurin Stauffer, Aline F. Renz, György Buzsáki, and János Vörös. "High‐density stretchable electrode grids for chronic neural recording." Advanced Materials 30, no. 15 (2018): 1706520.
    4. Stauffer, Flurin, Qiang Zhang, Klas Tybrandt, Byron Llerena Zambrano, Julian Hengsteler, André Stoll, Camill Trüeb et al. "Soft Electronic Strain Sensor with Chipless Wireless Readout: Toward Real‐Time Monitoring of Bladder Volume." Advanced Materials Technologies 3, no. 6 (2018): 1800031.
  • Titanium Silicalite-1 (TS-1)

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Mukherjee, Mitrajit. Process of Making Olefins or Alkylate by Reaction of Methanol and/or DME or by Reaction of Methanol and/or DME and Butane.
    2. Rodenas, Y., R. Mariscal, J. L. G. Fierro, D. Martín Alonso, J. A. Dumesic, and M. López Granados. "Improving the production of maleic acid from biomass: TS-1 catalysed aqueous phase oxidation of furfural in the presence of γ-valerolactone." Green Chemistry 20, no. 12 (2018): 2845-2856.
    3. Rodenas, Y., J. L. G. Fierro, R. Mariscal, M. Retuerto, and M. López Granados. "Post-synthesis Treatment of TS-1 with TPAOH: Effect of Hydrophobicity on the Liquid-Phase Oxidation of Furfural to Maleic Acid." Topics in Catalysis (2019): 1-10.
    4. Bregante, Daniel T., Alayna M. Johnson, Ami Y. Patel, E. Zeynep Ayla, Michael J. Cordon, Brandon C. Bukowski, Jeffrey Greeley, Rajamani Gounder, and David W. Flaherty. "Cooperative Effects between Hydrophilic Pores and Solvents: Catalytic Consequences of Hydrogen Bonding on Alkene Epoxidation in Zeolites." Journal of the American Chemical Society (2019).
  • Trivial Transfer Graphene™

    FAQ

    1. What is the thickness of PMMA?

    About 500nm.

    2. How do I cut the Trivial Transfer Graphene™ into small pieces?

    Step 1. Release the TTG into DI water and pick it up on filter paper.
    Step 2. Keep the filter paper wet‚ cut the TTG into the desired sizes with scissors.
    Step 3. Return the pieces to the water and they should release once again for transfer to another substrate.

    3. What's the green substrate and wet cloth?

    The green substrate is a pure PET substrate to help remove bubbles/wrinkles if there is any on the TTG if it causes problems during the transfer. Please contact us for the demo video if necessary. If not, you can just ignore it and it is included in the package just in case. 
     
    The wet cloth in the package is to keep TTG in a good quality during storage and transportation. 
     
    4. What if the TTG is folded or rolled up?
    Please contact us for the demo video if necessary.
     
     

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Chen, Ruiyi, et al. “Co-Percolating Graphene-Wrapped Silver Nanowire Network for High Performance, Highly Stable, Transparent Conducting Electrodes.” Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 23, no. 41, 2013, pp. 5150–5158., doi:10.1002/adfm.201300124.
    2. O’Hern, Sean C., et al. “Selective Molecular Transport through Intrinsic Defects in a Single Layer of CVD Graphene.” ACS Nano, vol. 6, no. 11, Sept. 2012, pp. 10130–10138., doi:10.1021/nn303869m.
    3. Yoo, Jae-Hyuck, et al. “Graphene folds by femtosecond laser ablation.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 100, no. 23, Apr. 2012, p. 233124., doi:10.1063/1.4724213.
    4. Longchamp, Jean-Nicolas, et al. “Low-Energy electron transmission imaging of clusters on free-Standing graphene.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 101, no. 11, Oct. 2012, p. 113117., doi:10.1063/1.4752717.
    5. Chen, Xu-Dong, et al. “High-Quality and efficient transfer of large-Area graphene films onto different substrates.” Carbon, vol. 56, May 2013, pp. 271–278., doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2013.01.011.
    6. Ye, Qing., et al. “Polarization-Dependent optical absorption of graphene under total internal reflection.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 102, no. 2, doi:10.1063/1.4776694.
    7. Longchamp, Jean-Nicolas, et al. “Ultraclean freestanding graphene by platinum-Metal catalysis.” Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B, Nanotechnology and Microelectronics: Materials, Processing, Measurement, and Phenomena, vol. 31, no. 2, 2013, p. 020605., doi:10.1116/1.4793746.
    8. Wang, Yung Yu, and Peter J. Burke. “A large-Area and contamination-Free graphene transistor for liquid-Gated sensing applications.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 103, no. 5, 2013, p. 052103., doi:10.1063/1.4816764.
    9. Wang, Peng, et al. “Accurate layers determination of graphene on transparent substrate based on polarization-Sensitive absorption effect.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 103, no. 18, 2013, p. 181902., doi:10.1063/1.4827812.
    10. Zhou, Rong, et al. “Large-Energy, narrow-Bandwidth laser pulse at 1645  nm in a diode-Pumped Er:YAG solid-State laser passively Q-Switched by a monolayer graphene saturable absorber.” Applied Optics, vol. 53, no. 2, Sept. 2014, p. 254., doi:10.1364/ao.53.000254.
    11. Choi, Duyoung, et al. “Nanopatterned Graphene Field Effect Transistor Fabricated Using Block Co-Polymer Lithography.” Materials Research Letters, vol. 2, no. 3, Sept. 2014, pp. 131–139., doi:10.1080/21663831.2013.876676.
    12. Srisonphan, Siwapon, et al. “Space charge neutralization by electron-Transparent suspended graphene.” Scientific Reports, vol. 4, no. 1, 2014, doi:10.1038/srep03764.
    13. Joiner, C. A., et al. “Cleaning graphene with a titanium sacrificial layer.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 104, no. 22, Feb. 2014, p. 223109., doi:10.1063/1.4881886.
    14. Roy, T., et al. “Tunneling characteristics in chemical vapor deposited graphene–hexagonal boron nitride–graphene junctions.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 104, no. 12, 2014, p. 123506., doi:10.1063/1.4870073.
    15. Burke, Peter J. “Charging the Quantum Capacitance of Graphene with a Single Biological Ion Channel.” Biophysical Journal, vol. 106, no. 2, 2014, doi:10.1016/j.bpj.2013.11.2796.
    16. Li, Peining, et al. “Graphene-Enhanced Infrared Near-Field Microscopy.” Nano Letters, vol. 14, no. 8, 2014, pp. 4400–4405., doi:10.1021/nl501376a.
    17. Boutilier, Michael S. H., et al. “Implications of Permeation through Intrinsic Defects in Graphene on the Design of Defect-Tolerant Membranes for Gas Separation.” ACS Nano, vol. 8, no. 1, Mar. 2014, pp. 841–849., doi:10.1021/nn405537u.
    18. Lee, Jiye, et al. “Switching Individual Quantum Dot Emission through Electrically Controlling Resonant Energy Transfer to Graphene.” Nano Letters, vol. 14, no. 12, 2014, pp. 7115–7119., doi:10.1021/nl503587z.
    19. Srisonphan, Siwapon, and Komsan Hongesombut. “Tuning the ballistic electron transport of spatial graphene–metal sandwich electrode on a vacuum-Silicon-Based device.” RSC Advances, vol. 5, no. 3, 2015, pp. 2032–2037., doi:10.1039/c4ra09503k. 
    20. Hui, Fei, et al. “Mechanical properties of locally oxidized graphene electrodes.” Archive of Applied Mechanics, vol. 85, no. 3, 2014, pp. 339–345., doi:10.1007/s00419-014-0957-4.
    21. Fujimoto, A, et al. “Negative magnetoresistance in Ti-Cleaned single-Layer graphene.” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 603, 2015, p. 012021., doi:10.1088/1742-6596/603/1/012021.
    22. Thareja, Vrinda, et al. “Electrically Tunable Coherent Optical Absorption in Graphene with Ion Gel.” Nano Letters, vol. 15, no. 3, 2015, pp. 1570–1576., doi:10.1021/nl503431d.
    23. Ye, X. H., et al. “Corrosion resistance of graphene directly and locally grown on bulk nickel substrate by laser irradiation.” RSC Advances, vol. 5, no. 45, 2015, pp. 35384–35390., doi:10.1039/c5ra01267h.
    24. Horvath, Cameron . “Fabrication and Characterization of Edge-Conformed Graphene-Silicon Waveguides.” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 27, no. 6, 6 Jan. 2015, pp. 585–587., doi:10.1109/LPT.2014.2385757.
    25. Ye, Qing. “Polarization-Dependent optical absorption of graphene under total internal reflection.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 102, no. 2, Jan. 2013, doi:10.1063/1.4776694.
    26. Zheng, Guanpeng, et al. “Improved Transfer Quality of CVD-Grown Graphene by Ultrasonic Processing of Target Substrates: Applications for Ultra-Fast Laser Photonics.” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol. 5, no. 20, Sept. 2013, pp. 10288–10293., doi:10.1021/am403205v.
    27. Zeng, Yong, et al. “Investigate the interface structure and growth mechanism of high quality ZnO films grown on multilayer graphene layers.” Applied Surface Science, vol. 301, 2014, pp. 391–395., doi:10.1016/j.apsusc.2014.02.088.
    28. Tang, Pinghua, et al. “Stable high-Energy Q-Switched resonantly diode-Pumped Er:YAG laser at 1645  nm.” OSA Publishing, vol. 53, no. 32, 2014, pp. 7773–7777., doi:10.1364/AO.53.007773.
    29. Watanabe, Hiroshi, et al. “Layer number dependence of carrier lifetime in graphenes observed using time-Resolved mid-Infrared luminescence.” Chemical Physics Letters, vol. 637, 2015, pp. 58–62., doi:10.1016/j.cplett.2015.07.046.
    30. He, Yingbo, et al. “Strongly enhanced Raman scattering of graphene by a single gold nanorod.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 107, no. 5, Mar. 2015, p. 053104., doi:10.1063/1.4927759.
    31. Choi, Duyoung, et al. “Uniformly Nanopatterned Graphene Field-Effect Transistors with Enhanced Properties.” Nanoscale Research Letters, vol. 10, no. 1, Nov. 2015, doi:10.1186/s11671-015-0976-2.
    32. Miao, Lili, et al. “Broadband ultrafast nonlinear optical response of few-Layers graphene: toward the mid-Infrared regime.” Photonics Research, vol. 3, no. 5, 2015, p. 214., doi:10.1364/prj.3.000214.
    33. Hu, Jianchen, et al. “Improvement of the electrical contact resistance at rough interfaces using two dimensional materials.” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 118, no. 21, July 2015, p. 215301., doi:10.1063/1.4936366.
    34. Jain, Tarun, et al. “Heterogeneous sub-Continuum ionic transport in statistically isolated graphene nanopores.” Nature Nanotechnology, vol. 10, no. 12, May 2015, pp. 1053–1057., doi:10.1038/nnano.2015.222.
    35. Srisonphan, Siwapon, and Komsan Hongesombut. “Tuning the ballistic electron transport of spatial graphene–metal sandwich electrode on a vacuum-Silicon-Based device.” RSC Advances, vol. 5, no. 3, 2015, pp. 2032–2037., doi:10.1039/c4ra09503k.
    36. Liu, Xiangjiang, et al. “Compact Shielding of Graphene Monolayer Leads to Extraordinary SERS-Active Substrate with Large-Area Uniformity and Long-Term Stability.” Scientific Reports, vol. 5, no. 1, 2015, doi:10.1038/srep17167.
    37. Hui, Fei, et al. “Moving graphene devices from lab to market: advanced graphene-Coated nanoprobes.” Nanoscale, vol. 8, no. 16, 2016, pp. 8466–8473., doi:10.1039/c5nr06235g.
    38. Ye, Xiaohui, et al. “Protecting carbon steel from corrosion by laser in situ grown graphene films.” Carbon, vol. 94, 2015, pp. 326–334., doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2015.06.080.
    39. Wu, Man, et al. “Wavelength switchable graphene Q-Switched fiber laser with cascaded fiber Bragg gratings.” Optics Communications, vol. 368, 2016, pp. 81–85., doi:10.1016/j.optcom.2016.01.069.
    40. Mackin, Charles, and Tomás Palacios. “Large-Scale sensor systems based on graphene electrolyte-Gated field-Effect transistors.” The Analyst, vol. 141, no. 9, 2016, pp. 2704–2711., doi:10.1039/c5an02328a.
    41. Politou, Maria, et al. “Multi-Layer graphene interconnect.” IEEE Xplore Digital Library , 11 July 2016, doi:10.1109/IITC-AMC.2016.7507731.
    42. Cao, Zhengmin, et al. “Nano-Gap between a gold tip and nanorod for polarization dependent surface enhanced Raman scattering.” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 109, no. 23, May 2016, p. 233103., doi:10.1063/1.4971832.
    43. Deng, Xiangquan, et al. “Terahertz-Induced photothermoelectric response in graphene-Metal contact structures.” Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, vol. 49, no. 42, 2016, p. 425101., doi:10.1088/0022-3727/49/42/425101.
    44. Guo, Chu‐Cai, et al. “Experimental Demonstration of Total Absorption over 99% in the Near Infrared for Monolayer‐Graphene‐Based Subwavelength Structures.” Advanced Optical Materials, 1 Sept. 2016, onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/adom.201600481/full.
    45. Hu, Jianbo, et al. “Rippling ultrafast dynamics of suspended 2D monolayers, graphene.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 113, no. 43, Oct. 2016, doi:10.1073/pnas.1613818113.
    46. Li, Cheng, et al. “Measurement of the Adhesion Energy of Pressurized Graphene Diaphragm Using Optical Fiber Fabry–Perot Interference.” IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 16, no. 10, 2016, pp. 3664–3669., doi:10.1109/jsen.2016.2536783.
    47. Yuan, Jun, et al. “Modulation of far-Infrared light transmission by graphene-Silicon Schottky junction.” Optical Materials Express, vol. 6, no. 12, 2016, p. 3908., doi:10.1364/ome.6.003908.
    48. Li, Cheng, et al. “Measurement of thermal expansion coefficient of graphene diaphragm using optical fiber Fabry–Perot interference.” Measurement Science and Technology, vol. 27, no. 7, 2016, p. 075102., doi:10.1088/0957-0233/27/7/075102.
    49. Kafiah, Feras M., et al. “Monolayer graphene transfer onto polypropylene and polyvinylidenedifluoride microfiltration membranes for water desalination.” Desalination, vol. 388, 2016, pp. 29–37., doi:10.1016/j.desal.2016.02.027.
    50. Wu, Xiangyu. “Doping of graphene for the application in nano-Interconnect.” Microelectronic Engineering, vol. 167, 5 Jan. 2017, pp. 42–46., doi:10.1016/j.mee.2016.10.013.
    51. Liu, Siyang, et al. “Atomic emission spectroscopy of electrically triggered exploding nanoparticle analytes on graphene/SiO2/Si substrate.” Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B, Nanotechnology and Microelectronics: Materials, Processing, Measurement, and Phenomena, vol. 34, no. 6, doi:10.1116/1.4964819.
    52. Sattler, Klaus D. Carbon nanomaterials sourcebook. Vol. 1, CRC Press, 2016.
    53. Politou, Maria. “Evaluation of multilayer graphene for advanced interconnects.” Microelectronic Engineering, vol. 167, 5 Jan. 2017, pp. 1–5., doi:10.1016/j.mee.2016.09.011.
    54. Hwang, Michael T., et al. “Highly specific SNP detection using 2D graphene electronics and DNA strand displacement.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 113, no. 26, 2016, pp. 7088–7093., doi:10.1073/pnas.1603753113.
    55. Nieto, Andy, et al. “Graphene reinforced metal and ceramic matrix composites: a review.” International Materials Reviews, vol. 62, no. 5, 2017, pp. 241–302., doi:10.1080/09506608.2016.1219481.
    56. Khorasaninejad, M., et al. “Highly Enhanced Raman Scattering of Graphene using Plasmonic Nano-Structure.” Scientific Reports, vol. 3, no. 1, 2013, doi:10.1038/srep02936.
    57. Kunz, Daniel A., et al. “Space-Resolved In-Plane Moduli of Graphene Oxide and Chemically Derived Graphene Applying a Simple Wrinkling Procedure (Adv. Mater. 9/2013).” Advanced Materials, vol. 25, no. 9, Apr. 2013, pp. 1336–1336., doi:10.1002/adma.201370060.
    58. Peng, Shuhua, et al. “Microwetting of Supported Graphene on Hydrophobic Surfaces Revealed by Polymerized Interfacial Femtodroplets.” Langmuir, vol. 30, no. 33, 2014, pp. 10043–10049., doi:10.1021/la5022774.
    59. Luo, Wen, et al. “Single-Layer Graphene as an Effective Mediator of the Metal–Support Interaction.” The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, vol. 5, no. 11, 2014, pp. 1837–1844., doi:10.1021/jz500425j.
    60. Suemoto, Tohru, et al. “Thickness dependent hot-Phonon effects observed by femtosecond mid-Infrared luminescence in graphene.” 19th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena, 2014, doi:10.1364/up.2014.07.mon.p1.32.
    61. Zhou, Haosen, et al. "Influence of CO2 On the Stability of Discharge Performance for Li-Air Battery with Hybrid Electrolyte Based On the Graphene Sheet”, Conference: 224th ECS Meeting. Oct. 2013, doi:10.1039/c3ra47258b.
    62. Thareja, Vrinda. “Electrically Tunable Optical Absorption in a Graphene-Based Salisbury Screen.” CORNELL UNIVERSITY LIBRARY, 7 Sept. 2014.
    63. Horvath, Cameron S. “Theses and Dissertations: Light Propagation and Photothermal Nonlinearity in Graphene-Si Waveguides.” University of Alberta Libraries, 26 Sept. 2013, doi:10.7939/R3ST1N .
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    119. Hui, Fei. “Variability of graphene devices fabricated using graphene inks: Atomic force microscope tips.” Surface and Coatings Technology, vol. 320, 25 June 2017, doi:10.1016/j.surfcoat.2016.12.020.
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    121. Niu, Tianxiao, et al. “Indentation behavior of the stiffest membrane mounted on a very compliant substrate: Graphene on PDMS.” International Journal of Solids and Structures, vol. 132-133, 2018, pp. 1–8., doi:10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2017.05.038.
    122. Nashed, Ramy, et al. “Ultra-High Mobility in Dielectrically Pinned CVD Graphene.” IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society, vol. 4, no. 6, 2016, pp. 466–472., doi:10.1109/jeds.2016.2595498.
    123. Niu, Tianxiao, et al. “Fracture behavior of graphene mounted on stretchable substrate.” Carbon, vol. 109, 2016, pp. 852–859., doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2016.08.087.
    124. Boutilier, Michael S H, et al. “Knudsen effusion through polymer-Coated three-Layer porous graphene membranes.” Nanotechnology, vol. 28, no. 18, Oct. 2017, p. 184003., doi:10.1088/1361-6528/aa680f.
    125. Du, Feng, et al. “Surface stress of graphene layers supported on soft substrate.” Scientific Reports, vol. 6, no. 1, Nov. 2016, doi:10.1038/srep25653.
    126. Yokaribas, Volkan, et al. “Strain Gauges Based on CVD Graphene Layers and Exfoliated Graphene Nanoplatelets with Enhanced Reproducibility and Scalability for Large Quantities.” Sensors, vol. 17, no. 12, 2017, p. 2937., doi:10.3390/s17122937.
    127. Kuru, Cihan, et al. “Enhanced Power Conversion Efficiency of Graphene/Silicon Heterojunction Solar Cells Through NiO Induced Doping.” Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, vol. 16, no. 1, Jan. 2016, pp. 1190–1193., doi:10.1166/jnn.2016.12079.
    128. Korzeniewski, Carol, Jay P. Kitt, Saheed Bukola, Stephen E. Creager, Shelley D. Minteer, and Joel M. Harris. "Single Layer Graphene for Estimation of Axial Spatial Resolution in Confocal Raman Microscopy Depth Profiling." Analytical chemistry 91, no. 1 (2018): 1049-1055.
    129. Mackin, Charles E., and Tomás Apostol Palacios. "Sensor systems and related fabrication techniques." U.S. Patent Application 15/773,247, filed November 8, 2018.
    130. Wu, Ting, Abdullah Alharbi, Takashi Taniguchi, Kenji Watanabe, and Davood Shahrjerdi. "Low-frequency noise in irradiated graphene FETs." Applied Physics Letters 113, no. 19 (2018): 193502.
    131. Xie, Yadian. "Study on high-purity alumina preparation and its applications." PhD diss., Université du Québec à Chicoutimi, 2017.
    132. Carmichael, Christopher P., M. Scott Smith, Arthur R. Weeks, and Donald C. Malocha. "Experimental Investigation of Surface Acoustic Wave Acoustoelectric Effect using a Graphene Film on Lithium Niobate." IEEE transactions on ultrasonics, ferroelectrics, and frequency control 65, no. 11 (2018): 2205-2207.
    133. Laua, K. Y., A. A. Latifb, MH Abu Bakara, and M. A. Mahdia. "HIGH SIGNAL-TO-NOISE RATIO Q-SWITCHING ERBIUM DOPED FIBER LASER PULSE EMISSION UTILIZING SINGLE LAYER TRIVIAL TRANSFER GRAPHENE FILM SATURABLE ABSORBER." JURNAL TEKNOLOGI 78, no. 3 (2016): 129-133.
    134. Carmichael, Christopher P., M. Scott Smith, Arthur R. Weeks, and Donald C. Malocha. "Experimental Investigation of Surface Acoustic Wave Acoustoelectric Effect using a Graphene Film on Lithium Niobate." IEEE transactions on ultrasonics, ferroelectrics, and frequency control 65, no. 11 (2018): 2205-2207.
    135. Fujimoto, Akira, Christopher J. Perini, Daiju Terasawa, Akira Fukuda, Yoshiyuki Harada, Shigehiko Sasa, Mitsuaki Yano, and Eric M. Vogel. "Disorder and Weak Localization near Charge Neutral Point in Ti‐cleaned Single‐Layer Graphene." physica status solidi (b) (2019): 1800541.
    136. Zhao, Jingyi, Zhengmin Cao, Yuqing Cheng, Jianning Xu, Te Wen, Aiqin Hu, Qihuang Gong, and Guowei Lu. "In situ Optical Study of Gold Nanorod Coupling with Graphene." Advanced Optical Materials 6, no. 8 (2018): 1701043.
    137. Su, Fang, Zhaohao Zhang, Shasha Li, Peian Li, and Tao Deng. "Long-term stability of photodetectors based on graphene field-effect transistors encapsulated with Si3N4 layers." Applied Surface Science 459 (2018): 164-170.
    138. Ulibarri, Agatha. "Measuring the Double Layer Capacitance of Electrolyte Solutions Using a Graphene Field Effect Transistor." (2018).
    139. Dong, Nannan, Sumei Wang, Lan Jiang, Yi Jiang, Peng Wang, and Liuchao Zhang. "Pressure and temperature sensor based on graphene diaphragm and fiber Bragg gratings." IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 30, no. 5 (2018): 431-434.
    140. Lau, K. Y., MH Abu Bakar, AR Md Zain, A. F. Abas, M. T. Alresheedi, and M. A. Mahdi. "Stable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser assisted by graphene/PMMA thin film." Optics & Laser Technology 105 (2018): 129-134.
    141. Herekar, Satish. "Systems, methods, and kits to reduce surface heating during tissue treatment." U.S. Patent Application 15/896,886, filed June 28, 2018.
    142. Xu, Wendao, Lijuan Xie, Jianfei Zhu, Longhua Tang, Ranjan Singh, Chen Wang, Yungui Ma, Hou-Tong Chen, and Yibin Ying. "Terahertz biosensing with a graphene-metamaterial heterostructure platform." Carbon 141 (2019): 247-252.
    143. Deng, Tao, Zhaohao Zhang, Yaxuan Liu, Yingxin Wang, Fang Su, Shasha Li, Yang Zhang et al. "Three-dimensional graphene field-effect transistors as high-performance photodetectors." Nano letters (2019).
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    145. Wu, Xiangyu, Inge Asselberghs, Cedric Huyghebaert, Antonino Contino, Bart Soree, Marc Heyns, and Zsolt Tokei. "Graphene Interconnects-High Performance Twisted 20 nm Graphene Ribbons." In 2018 IEEE International Interconnect Technology Conference (IITC), pp. 25-27. IEEE, 2018.
    146. Li, Cheng, Xiyu Yu, Tian Lan, Jian Liu, and Shangchun Fan. "Insensitivity to Humidity in Fabry–Perot Sensor With Multilayer Graphene Diaphragm." IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 30, no. 6 (2018): 565-568.
    147. Dong, Nannan, and Bo Yang. "Simultaneous Measurement of Pressure and Temperature Based on Graphene." In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 382, no. 5, p. 052011. IOP Publishing, 2018.
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    149. Mackin, Charles Edward. "Graphene chemical and biological sensors: modeling, systems, and applications." PhD diss., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2018.
    150. Yin, Yin, Jinbo Pang, Jiawei Wang, Xueyi Lu, Qi Hao, Ehsan Saei Ghareh Naz, Xinxing Zhou, Libo Ma, and Oliver G. Schmidt. "Graphene-Activated Optoplasmonic Nanomembrane Cavities for Photodegradation Detection." ACS applied materials & interfaces (2019).
    151. Andoy, Nesha M., Marcin S. Filipiak, Daniel Vetter, Óscar Gutiérrez‐Sanz, and Alexey Tarasov. "Graphene‐Based Electronic Immunosensor with Femtomolar Detection Limit in Whole Serum." Advanced Materials Technologies 3, no. 12 (2018): 1800186.
    152. Schweizer, Peter, Christian Dolle, and Erdmann Spiecker. "In situ manipulation and switching of dislocations in bilayer graphene." Science advances 4, no. 8 (2018): eaat4712.
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    155. Hu, Shu-Kai, Fang-Yen Lo, Chih-Chen Hsieh, and Ling Chao. "Sensing Ability and Formation Criterion of Fluid Supported Lipid Bilayer Coated Graphene Field-Effect Transistors." ACS sensors (2019).
    156. Nemani, Srinivasa Kartik, Dayong Chen, Marwan H. Mohamed, and Hossein Sojoudi. "Stretchable and hydrophobic electrochromic devices using wrinkled graphene and PEDOT: PSS." Journal of Nanomaterials 2018 (2018).
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    158. Cho, Hoduk. "The Use of Liquid Phase Transmission Electron Microscopy for Quantifying Interactions Between Colloidal Nanoparticles and Visualizing Their Self-Assembled Structures." PhD diss., UC Berkeley, 2018.
    159. Goldflam, Michael D., Isaac Ruiz, Stephen W. Howell, Joel R. Wendt, Michael B. Sinclair, David W. Peters, and Thomas E. Beechem. "Tunable dual-band graphene-based infrared reflectance filter." Optics express 26, no. 7 (2018): 8532-8541.
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    161. Hutzler, Andreas, Tilo Schmutzler, Michael PM Jank, Robert Branscheid, Tobias Unruh, Erdmann Spiecker, and Lothar Frey. "Unravelling the Mechanisms of Gold–Silver Core–Shell Nanostructure Formation by in Situ TEM Using an Advanced Liquid Cell Design." Nano letters 18, no. 11 (2018): 7222-7229.
    162. Hutzler, Andreas, Birk Fritsch, Michael PM Jank, Robert Branscheid, Erdmann Spiecker, and Martin März. "Preparation of Graphene-Supported Microwell Liquid Cells for In Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy." JoVE (Journal of Visualized Experiments) 149 (2019): e59751.
    163. Hutzler, Andreas, Birk Fritsch, Michael PM Jank, Robert Branscheid, R. Christian Martens, Erdmann Spiecker, and Martin März. "In Situ Liquid Cell TEM Studies on Etching and Growth Mechanisms of Gold Nanoparticles at a Solid–Liquid–Gas Interface." Advanced Materials Interfaces (2019).
  • Tungsten Disulfide (WS2)

    Q&A

    1. What does "dry method" refer to and is there any more information that can be given regarding the preparation method? Unfortunately, no other information can be provided regarding the preparation method. Its a trade secret!

    2. Does ACS give a classification of the crystal structure of the powder? It is a hexagonal crystal system.

    3. Is any information available about specific surface area and bulk density regarding this material? BET was not tested, bulk density is 0.57g / cm³ and tap density is 1.08g / cm³.

     

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Lu, Chang, et al. “Comparison of MoS2, WS2, and Graphene Oxide for DNA Adsorption and Sensing.” Langmuir, vol. 33, no. 2, May 2017, pp. 630–637., doi:10.1021/acs.langmuir.6b04502.
    2. Liu, Yibo, and Juewen Liu. “Hybrid nanomaterials of WS2 or MoS2 nanosheets with liposomes: biointerfaces and multiplexed drug delivery.” Nanoscale, vol. 9, no. 35, 2017, pp. 13187–13194.
    3. Wang, Liu, et al. “Transition Metal Dichalcogenide Nanosheets for Visual Monitoring PCR Rivaling a Real-Time PCR Instrument.” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol. 10, no. 5, 2018, pp. 4409–4418., doi:10.1021/acsami.7b15746.
    4. Giust, Davide, María Isabel Lucío, Otto L. Muskens, and Antonios G. Kanaras. "Interactions of DNA coated upconversion nanoparticles with 2D materials." In Colloidal Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications XIII, vol. 10507, p. 105070U. International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2018.
    5. Lau, K. Y., A. A. Latif, MH Abu Bakar, F. D. Muhammad, M. F. Omar, and M. A. Mahdi. "Mechanically deposited tungsten disulfide saturable absorber for low-threshold Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser." Applied Physics B 123, no. 8 (2017): 221.
    6. Hejazi, Davoud, Shuangjun Liu, Sarah Ostadabbas, and Swastik Kar. "Bayesian Inference-enabled Precise Optical Wavelength Estimation using Transition Metal Dichalcogenide Thin Films." arXiv preprint arXiv:1901.09452 (2019).
  • V-Shape AAO (5P/Pack)

    FAQ

    1. What is the best method to dissolve/etch an AAO Template?

    There are two methods that we recommend. Please make the best adjustments based on your own experiment.

    Slow Removal: Depending on the microstructure evolution, a slow removal of AAO layer may be preferred. This can be achieved by using 5 wt% phosphate acid at 30º Celsius. Usually, this process is suitable for Single-Pass AAO. 

    Rapid removal: Use heated 3M NaOH or HCl solution, depending on your specific needs.

    2. What's the thickness of the Al substrate?

    The Al substrate is 150microns thick.

    3. What is the best method for cutting an AAO Template?

    The method we recommend involves using a metal ruler, a sharp knife or blade, a clean cloth (specialized cleanroom wipes suggested), and a hard flat surface (glass or steel).

    Cutting Method:

      1. Cover the hard surface with a cleanroom wipe or clean cloth.

      2. Place the AAO sample on the wipe with the Al substrate (back side) facing up.

      3. Align the metal ruler parallel to the cut you want to make.

      4. Press down firmly on the ruler and slice the AAO sample several times along the edge of the ruler. 

      5. If the AAO sample is not cut through completely, slowly and carefully bend the template until it comes apart. 

      6. Finally, the AAO sample can be cleaned by ultrasonic cleaning <30 seconds using acetone, ethanol, isopropyl alcohol or deionized water.  

     

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Jaworski, Nazariy, and Nazariy Andrushchak. “A method of nanoporous anodic aluminum oxide structure modeling based on Bezier curves generation.” 2017 14th International Conference The Experience of Designing and Application of CAD Systems in Microelectronics (CADSM), 2017, doi:10.1109/cadsm.2017.7916085.
    2. Fleming, Evan, Feng Du, Eric Ou, Liming Dai, and Li Shi. "Thermal conductivity of carbon nanotubes grown by catalyst-free chemical vapor deposition in nanopores." Carbon 145 (2019): 195-200.
    3. Fleming, Evan. "Multi-scale investigation of composite materials for enhanced phase change thermal storage systems." PhD diss., 2018.
    4. Jaworski, Nazariy, Marek Iwaniec, and Mykhaylo Lobur. "Implementation Features of Fibrous Composite Microlevel Structure Model Construction Based on Bezier Curves Generation and OpenCL Technology Usage." Machine Dynamics Research 41 (2017).
    5. Liu, Cong. "Nanoporous materials chemistry: From gas separation to high pressure chemistry." (2017).
  • Y-type Series Zeolites

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

    1. Cha, Junyoung, Young Suk Jo, Hyangsoo Jeong, Jonghee Han, Suk Woo Nam, Kwang Ho Song, and Chang Won Yoon. "Ammonia as an efficient CO X-free hydrogen carrier: Fundamentals and feasibility analyses for fuel cell applications." Applied Energy 224 (2018): 194-204.
  • ZSM-22

    FAQ

    What is ZSM-22?

    ZSM-22, an orthorhombic high silica zeolite (Cmcm, a = 13.86 ± 0.03Å, b = 17.41 ± 0.04Å, and c = 5.04 ± 0.02Å), has a framework consisting of 5-, 6- and 10-rings. The structure contains ferrierite sheets of the type previously found in ZSM-5, ZSM-11 and ZSM-35 and sheets of 6-rings similar to those of the rare zeolite bikitaite. The channel system is linear unidirectional and one-dimensional (noninterconnecting) with 10-membered ring openings which are 5.5 × 4.5 Å. The 10-ring channels are smaller than those found previously in ZSM-5, ZSM-11 and ZSM-35. [1]

    [1] Kokotailo, G. T., et al. "The framework topology of ZSM-22: A high silica zeolite." Zeolites 5.6 (1985): 349-351.

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

  • ZSM-5 Adsorbent Series

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

  • ZSM-5 Catalyst

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products

  • ZSM-5 Series Zeolite (MFI) Powder

    Research Citations of ACS Material Products